Temporary Parasitism

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Temporary social parasites establish new colonies with the assistance of a host species. A queen of the parasite enters the nest of the host and chemically tricks the host workers into adopting her. The intruding queen kills or drives off the host queen and begins to lay her own eggs. Host workers remain in the colony and tend both their own eggs and the eggs of the new queen. Over time the host workers are replaced with workers from the new queen and the colony becomes completely populated by the new queen's offspring.

The biology of Lasius umbratus provides natural history information about one representative temporarily parasitic ant.

Known Temporary Parasites

Temporary Parasite Host Locality Source Notes
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis Aphaenogaster fulva
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis Aphaenogaster picea
Aphaenogaster tennesseensis Aphaenogaster rudis
Formica adamsi Formica neorufibarbis
Formica bruni unknown
Formica dakotensis Formica fusca
Formica dakotensis Formica lepida
Formica dakotensis Formica montana
Formica dakotensis Formica pallidefulva
Formica dakotensis Formica subsericea
Formica difficilis Formica incerta
Formica dirksi Formica subaenescens
Formica exsecta Formica fusca
Formica exsecta Formica lemani
Formica fennica unknown
Formica foreli unkown primary host likely to be ''F. fusca'', ''F. cunicularia'' or ''F. rufibarbis''
Formica forsslundi Formica transkaucasica
Formica fukaii unknown
Formica indianensis unknown
Formica knighti Formica subsericea needs confirmation
Formica manchu unknown
Formica mesasiatica unknown
Formica microgyna Formica argentea Gregg, 1963; Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Formica microgyna Formica fusca Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Formica microgyna Formica lasioides Gregg, 1963; Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Formica microgyna Formica neogagates Gregg, 1963; Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Formica morsei unknown
Formica nepticula unknown
Formica nevadensis unknown
Formica obscuripes Formica pacifica
Formica pisarskii unknown
Formica postoculata unknown
Formica pressilabris Formica lemani
Formica querquetulana Formica fusca
Formica rufa Formica fusca
Formica scitula unknown
Formica spatulata unknown
Formica suecica Formica fusca needs confirmation
Formica suecica Formica lemani
Formica suecica Formica transkaucasica
Formica ulkei Formica fusca
Formica uralensis Formica transkaucasica
Lasius arizonicus unknown
Lasius bicornis unknown
Lasius californicus unknown
Lasius carniolicus Lasius alienus
Lasius carniolicus Lasius flavus
Lasius carniolicus Lasius piliferus
Lasius citrinus Lasius brunneus
Lasius citrinus Lasius niger needs confirmation
Lasius claviger Lasius americanus
Lasius claviger Lasius neoniger
Lasius coloradensis unknown
Lasius distinguendus Lasius alienus
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius alienus
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius brunneus
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius mixtus
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius niger
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius rabaudi
Lasius fuliginosus Lasius umbratus
Lasius interjectus unknown
Lasius jensi Lasius alienus
Lasius latipes Lasius americanus Ellison et al., 2012; Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Lasius latipes Lasius crypticus Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Lasius latipes Lasius interjectus Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Lasius latipes Lasius neoniger Ellison et al., 2012; Mackay & Mackay, 2002
Lasius meridionalis Lasius alienus Collingwood, 1979
Lasius meridionalis Lasius niger Collingwood, 1979
Lasius meridionalis Lasius psammophilus Collingwood, 1979
Lasius mexicanus unknown
Lasius minutus Lasius americanus Ellison et al., 2012
Lasius minutus Lasius pallitarsis Ellison et al., 2012
Lasius mixtus Lasius alienus Collingwood, 1979
Lasius mixtus Lasius niger Collingwood, 1979
Lasius murphyi Lasius neoniger
Lasius occidentalis unknown
Lasius orientalis Lasius flavus
Lasius plumopilosus Lasius claviger Ellison et al., 2012
Lasius pogonogynus unknown
Lasius pubescens unknown
Lasius rabaudi Lasius niger
Lasius reginae Lasius alienus
Lasius reginae Lasius myops
Lasius sabularum Lasius niger
Lasius spathepus unknown
Lasius speculiventris Lasius minutus Ellison et al., 2012
Lasius subglaber unknown
Lasius subumbratus Lasius neoniger
Lasius subumbratus Lasius pallitarsis
Lasius umbratus Lasius alienus
Lasius umbratus Lasius brunneus
Lasius umbratus Lasius emarginatus
Lasius umbratus Lasius neoniger
Lasius umbratus Lasius niger
Lasius umbratus Lasius pallitarsis
Lasius umbratus Lasius psammophilus
Myrmica bibikoffi Myrmica sabuleti Radchenko & Elmes, 2003
Myrmica semiparasitica Myrmica punctiventris
Polyrhachis lamellidens Camponotus japonicus Kohriba, 1963
Polyrhachis lamellidens Camponotus kiusiuensis Sakai, 1990 Needs confirmation
Polyrhachis lamellidens Camponotus obscuripes Sakai, 1990
Pseudomyrmex seminole Pseudomyrmex pallidus Ward, 1985
Rossomyrmex proformicarum unknown
Strongylognathus afer unknown
Strongylognathus minutus unknown
Strongylognathus pisarskii unknown
Strongylognathus potanini unknown
Strongylognathus tylonus unknown

References