Lasius citrinus

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Lasius citrinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Lasiini
Genus: Lasius
Species: L. citrinus
Binomial name
Lasius citrinus
Emery, 1922

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Specimen Labels


This species exhibits temporary social parasitism. Queens found new colonies by infiltrating an established nest of Lasius brunneus or possibly Lasius niger, killing the queen and using host workers to care for her initial brood.

At a Glance • Temporary parasite  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Italy (type locality), Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • affinis. Formica affinis Schenck, 1852: 62 (w.q.m.) GERMANY. [Junior primary homonym of Formica affinis Leach, 1825: 290.] Replacement name: citrinus Emery, 1922b: 12, oldest synonym and hence first available replacement name: Seifert, 1990: 7. Combination in Lasius: Mayr, 1861: 50; in Formicina: Emery, 1916b: 242; in Acanthomyops: Ruzsky, 1925b: 45; in Lasius (Chthonolasius): Ruzsky, 1914a: 61; Emery, 1925b: 233. Junior synonym of bicornis: Smith, F. 1858b: 8. Revived from synonymy: Mayr, 1863; 425. Subspecies of umbratus: Forel, 1874: 47; Mayr, 1886d: 430; Emery, 1925b: 233; Karavaiev, 1936: 214; of bicornis: André, 1882b: 196; Nasonov, 1889: 24; Forel, 1915d: 52; Emery, 1916b: 242. Status as species: Ruzsky, 1902d: 15; Bondroit, 1912: 352; Emery, 1914d: 159; Bondroit, 1918: 31; Stärcke, 1937: 40; Stitz, 1939: 299; Novak & Sadil, 1941: 103. Junior synonym of umbratus: Wilson, 1955a: 150. Revived from synonymy: Collingwood, 1963: 145. Status as species: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 80; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 209; Kutter, 1977c: 232; Collingwood, 1979: 102; Seifert, 1988: 163; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 248.
  • citrinus. Lasius bicornis var. citrina Emery, 1922b: 12 (w.) ITALY. Combination in L. (Chthonolasius): Emery, 1925b: 232. Junior synonym of umbratus: Wilson, 1955a: 151; of affinis Schenck, and hence first available replacement name for Formica affinis Schenck, 1852: 62 [Junior primary homonym of Formica affinis Leach, 1825: 290.] and raised to species: Seifert, 1990: 7.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



  • Emery, C. 1922b. Il genere Lasius (F.) Mayr e particolarmente le forme mediterranee del gruppo umbratus Nyl. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 54: 9-15 (page 12, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 232, Combination in L. (Chthonolasius))
  • Schenck, C. F. 1852. Beschreibung nassauischer Ameisenarten. Jahrb. Ver. Naturkd. Herzogthum Nassau Wiesb. 8: 1-149 (page 62, Junior synonym of affinis Schenck, and hence first available replacement name for Formica affinis)
  • Seifert, B. 1990. Supplementation to the revision of European species of the ant subgenus Chthonolasius Ruzsky, 1913 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Doriana 6(2 271: 1-13 (page 7, raised to species)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1955a. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 113: 1-201 (page 151, Junior synonym of umbratus)