Apterostigma

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Apterostigma
Temporal range: 20.43–0 Ma
Early Miocene – Recent
Apterostigma pilosum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Apterostigma
Mayr, 1865
Type species
Apterostigma pilosum
Diversity
44 species
2 fossil species
(Species Checklist)

Apterostigma pilosum casent0173821 profile 1.jpg

Apterostigma pilosum

Apterostigma pilosum casent0173821 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Evolutionary Relationships
Attini

Ochetomyrmex (2 species), Tranopelta (2 species)




Allomerus (8 species), Blepharidatta (4 species), Diaphoromyrma (1 species), Lachnomyrmex (16 species), Wasmannia (11 species)






Acanthognathus (7 species), Colobostruma (16 species), Daceton (2 species), Epopostruma (19 species), Lenomyrmex (7 species), Mesostruma (9 species), Microdaceton (4 species), Orectognathus (29 species)



Paleoattina

Apterostigma
  (44 species)




Myrmicocrypta
  (31 species)



Mycocepurus
  (6 species)




Neoattina


Cyatta
  (1 species)



Kalathomyrmex
  (1 species)






Mycetarotes
  (4 species)



Mycetosoritis
  (2 species)





Cyphomyrmex
  (23 species)




Mycetophylax
  (21 species)




Mycetagroicus
  (4 species)



Acromyrmex (63 species), Atta (19 species), Sericomyrmex (11 species), Trachymyrmex (9 species), Xerolitor (1 species)











Basiceros (8 species), Cephalotes (119 species), Eurhopalothrix (53 species), Octostruma (34 species), Phalacromyrmex (1 species), Pheidole (1,183 species), Pilotrochus (1 species), Procryptocerus (45 species), Protalaridris (7 species), Rhopalothrix (16 species), Strumigenys (844 species), Talaridris (1 species)





Based on Ward et al. (2014), Blaimer et al. (2018) and Li et al. (2018).

A genus of fungus growing ants.

At a Glance • Fungus Grower  

 

Identification

 

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Biology

Castes

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11 • Antennal club gradual-3 weak • Palp formula 3,2 • Total dental count 8-14 • Spur formula 0, 0 • Eyes present • Scrobes absent • Sting present

Karyotype

Species Uncertain

  • 2n = 20; 24; 32, karyotype = 6M+12SM+2A; 24M; 14M+6SM+10ST+2T (Brazil; French Guiana; Panama) (Fadini & Pompolo, 1996; Mariano et al., 2011; Murakami et al., 1998).

All Karyotype Records for Genus

Explore Karyotype Data: All, Drilldown
Taxon Haploid Diploid Karyotype Locality Source Notes
Apterostigma 20 24 32 6M+12SM+2A; 24M; 14M+6SM+10ST+2T Brazil; French Guiana; Panama Fadini & Pompolo, 1996; Mariano et al., 2011; Murakami et al., 1998
Apterostigma madidiense 23 14M+20SM+10ST+2A Brazil Barros et al., 2013
Apterostigma mayri 24 24M Panama Murakami et al., 1998
Apterostigma steigeri 22 20M+2SM Brazil Barros et al., 2013

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • APTEROSTIGMA [Myrmicinae: Attini]
    • Apterostigma Mayr, 1865: 111. Type-species: Apterostigma pilosum, by monotypy.

References

  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 384, Apterostigma in Cryptoceridae, Attinae)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 197, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 149, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae)
  • Emery, C. 1877b. Saggio di un ordinamento naturale dei Mirmicidei, e considerazioni sulla filogenesi delle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 9: 67-83 (page 81, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini [Pheidolidae])
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 770, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Emery, C. 1913c. Études sur les Myrmicinae. [V-VII.]. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 57: 250-262 (page 251, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Emery, C. 1914e. Intorno alla classificazione dei Myrmicinae. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 18: 29-42 (page 42, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 337, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Forel, A. 1893b. Sur la classification de la famille des Formicides, avec remarques synonymiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 161-167 (page 164, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Forel, A. 1899d. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 25-56 (page 37, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 247, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Lattke, J. E. 1997. Revisión del género Apterostigma Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Arq. Zool. (São Paulo) 34: 121-221 PDF
  • Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 111, Apterostigma as genus)
  • Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. (page 25, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae [Myrmicidae])
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 141, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 669, Apterostigma in Myrmicinae, Attini)