Checklist of Aphaenogaster species

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Aphaenogaster
Myrmicinae
Aphaenogaster umphreyi casent0103612 head 1.jpg
Aphaenogaster umphreyi
Aphaenogaster Distribution.png
Distribution
Aphaenogaster Species Richness.png
Species Richness
Statistics
Valid Species 227
Invalid Species 61
Fossils 19
Countries Occupied 82
Year Described 1853
First Species Described 1798
Last Species Described 2019

The following species and subspecies belong to the genus Aphaenogaster. Synonyms are listed under their senior names. For valid names only see Aphaenogaster species and for distribution information see Aphaenogaster species by Country.

A

afra Santschi, 1933 (Algeria)
aktaci Kiran & Tezcan, 2008 (Greece, Turkey)
angulata Viehmeyer, 1922 (China)
annandalei Mukerjee, 1930 (India)
araneoides Emery, 1890 (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama)
ashmeadi (Emery, 1895) (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster treatae harnedi Wheeler, W.M., 1919

asmaae Sharaf, 2018 (Oman)
atlantis Santschi, 1929 (Morocco)

B

balcanica (Emery, 1898) (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Turkey)
   • Aphaenogaster semipolita ionia Santschi Santschi, 1933

balcanicoides Boer, 2013 (Greece)
baogong Terayama, 2009 (Taiwan)
barbara Shattuck, 2008 (Australia)
barbigula Wheeler, W.M., 1916 (Australia)
baronii Cagniant, 1988 (Morocco)
beccarii Emery, 1887 (China, India, Indonesia, Nicobar Island)
beesoni Donisthorpe, 1933 (India)
boulderensis Smith, M.R., 1941 (Mexico, United States)
brevicollis Forel, 1899 (Panama)
burri (Donisthorpe, 1950) (Turkey)

C

caeciliae Viehmeyer, 1922 (China)
campana Emery, 1878 (Albania, Italy, Malta)
cardenai Espadaler, 1981 (Iberian Peninsula, Slovenia, Spain)
carolinensis Wheeler, W.M., 1915 (United States)
cavernicola Donisthorpe, 1938 (India)
cecconii Emery, 1894 (Greece)
charesi Salata & Borowiec, 2016
concolor Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (China, Japan)
cristata (Forel, 1902) (India)
crocea André, 1881 (Algeria)
crocea croceoides Forel, 1890 (Algeria)
crocea lenis Santschi, 1911 (Tunisia)
crocea splendidoides Forel, 1890 (Algeria)
curiosa Santschi, 1933 (Morocco)

D

dejeani Cagniant, 1982 (Morocco)
depilis Santschi, 1911 (Algeria)
depilis numida Santschi, 1933 (Tunisia)
depressa Bolton, 1995 (Turkey)
   • Ceratopheidole perganderi Donisthorpe, 1950

dlusskyi Radchenko & Arakelian, 1991 (Armenia)
donann Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
dromedaria (Emery, 1900) (New Guinea)
   • Aphaenogaster dromedarius nigra Donisthorpe, 1938
   • Ischnomyrmex dromedarius fusca Emery, 1900

dulciniae Emery, 1924 (Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Spain)

E

edentula Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
epirotes (Emery, 1895) (Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey)
equestris Borowiec & Salata, 2014 (Turkey)
erabu Nishizono & Yamane, 1990 (Japan)
espadaleri Cagniant, 1984 (Morocco)
exasperata Wheeler, W.M., 1921 (China, Vietnam)

F

fabulosa Arnoldi, 1968 (Turkmenistan)
fallax Cagniant, 1992 (Algeria, Morocco)
famelica (Smith, F., 1874) (China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation)
   • Aphaenogaster famelica frontosa Wheeler, W.M., 1928
   • Aphaenogaster famelica ruida Wheeler, W.M., 1928
   • Aphaenogaster vapida Wheeler, W.M., 1928

faureli Cagniant, 1969 (Algeria)
feae Emery, 1889 (China, India, Myanmar)
feae imbellis (Emery, 1900) (Indonesia)
feae nicobarensis (Forel, 1903) (India, Nicobar Island)
feae simulans Forel, 1915 (Indonesia)
fengbo Terayama, 2009 (Taiwan)
festae Emery, 1915 (Greece, Iraq, Turkey)
finzii Müller, 1921 (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia)
fiorii Emery, 1915 (Italy)
flemingi Smith, M.R., 1928 (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster texana macrospina Smith, M.R., 1934
   • Aphaenogaster texana nana Wheeler, W.M., 1932

floridana Smith, M.R., 1941 (United States)
foreli Cagniant, 1995 (Morocco)
friederichsi Forel, 1918 (Madagascar)
fulva Roger, 1863 (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster fulva pusilla Enzmann, J., 1947
   • Aphaenogaster fulva rubida Enzmann, J., 1947
   • Myrmica aquia Buckley, 1867

G

gamagumayaa Naka & Maruyama, 2018 (Japan)
geei Wheeler, W.M., 1921 (China)
gemella (Roger, 1862) (Algeria, Balearic Islands)
gemella marocana (Forel, 1903) (Morocco)
   • Aphaenogaster gemella tingitana Santschi, 1933

georgica Arnoldi, 1968 (Georgia)
gibbosa (Latreille, 1798) (Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Bulgaria, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan)
   • Aphaenogaster gibbosa barcinensis Menozzi, 1922
   • Aphaenogaster gibbosa chorassanica Arnoldi, 1968
   • Aphaenogaster striola laevior Forel, 1892
   • Atta striola Roger, 1859

gibbosa homonyma Emery, 1921 (Tunisia)
gonacantha (Emery, 1899) (Madagascar)
gracillima Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
graeca Schulz, 1994 (Greece)

H

haarlovi Collingwood, 1961 (Afghanistan)
hesperia Santschi, 1911 (Canary Islands)
holtzi (Emery, 1898) (Turkey)
honduriana Mann, 1922 (Honduras)
huachucana Creighton, 1934 (Mexico, United States)
hunanensis Wu, J. & Wang, C., 1992 (China)

I

iberica Emery, 1908 (Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain)
   • Aphaenogaster angusta Santschi, 1925
   • Aphaenogaster conica Viehmeyer, 1914
   • Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa vieirai Santschi, 1933

illyrica Bračko, Lapeva-Gjonova, Salata, Borowiec & Polak, 2019 (Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Slovenia)
incurviclypea Wang, W. & Zheng, 1997 (China)
inermis Forel, 1899 (Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama)
   • Aphaenogaster araneoides canalis Enzmann, J., 1947
   • Aphaenogaster araneoides nitidiventris Forel, 1912

inermita Bolton, 1995 (Italy, Malta)
   • Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa inermis Santschi, 1933

iranica Kiran & Alipanah, 2013 (Iran)
irrigua Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
isekram Bernard, 1977 (Algeria)
italica Bondroit, 1918 (Italy, Switzerland)
izuensis Terayama & Kubota, 2013 (Japan)

J

januschevi Arnoldi, 1976
japonica Forel, 1911 (China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation)
   • Aphaenogaster smythiesi sinensis Wheeler, W.M., 1928
   • Aphaenogaster verecunda Wheeler, W.M., 1928

jolantae Borowiec & Salata, 2014 (Greece)

K

karpathica Boer, 2013 (Greece)
kervillei Forel, 1910 (Israel, Lebanon, Turkey)
kimberleyensis Shattuck, 2008 (Australia)
koniari Cagniant & Galkowski, 2013 (Morocco)
kumejimana Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
kurdica Ruzsky, 1905 (Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Russian Federation)

L

laevior Emery, 1887 (Indonesia, Sulawesi)
lamellidens Mayr, 1886 (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster lamellidens nigripes Smith, M.R., 1923

ledouxi Tohmé, G., 1969 (Greece, Lebanon)
lepida Wheeler, W.M., 1930 (China, Taiwan)
   • Aphaenogaster funkikoensis Creighton, 1950
   • Aphaenogaster phillipi Menozzi, 1932
   • Aphaenogaster silvestrii Wheeler, W.M. Wheeler, W.M., 1929

lesbica Forel, 1913 (Greece, Israel, Montenegro)
leveillei Emery, 1881 (Algeria, Morocco)
longiceps (Smith, F., 1858) (Australia, China, India, Nicobar Island)
   • Aphaenogaster longiceps flava Emery, 1921
   • Stenamma longiceps ruginota Forel, 1902

loriai (Emery, 1897) (New Guinea)
   • Aphaenogaster loriai atra Stitz, 1938

lustrans Smith, M.R., 1961 (New Guinea)
luteipes Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
lykiaensis Borowiec & Salata, 2014 (Turkey)

M

maculifrons Kiran & Aktaç, 2008 (Turkey)
mariae Forel, 1886 (United States)
mauritanica Dalla Torre, 1893 (Algeria, Tunisia)
mediterrae Shattuck, 2008 (Australia)
megommata Smith, M.R., 1963 (Mexico, United States)
melitensis Santschi, 1933 (Malta)
   • Aphaenogaster semipolita ionia Baroni Urbani Baroni Urbani, 1968

messoroides Dlussky, 1990 (Turkmenistan)
mexicana (Pergande, 1896) (Mexico)
miamiana Wheeler, W.M., 1932 (Mexico, United States)
   • Aphaenogaster fulva azteca Enzmann, J., 1947

miniata Cagniant, 1990 (Morocco)
minutula Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
montana Mackay, 2017
muelleriana Wolf, 1915 (Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia)
muschtaidica Emery, 1908 (Georgia)
mutica Pergande, 1896 (Mexico)

N

nadigi Santschi, 1923 (Morocco)

O

obsidiana (Mayr, 1861) (Georgia, Iran, Israel, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Turkey)
occidentalis (Emery, 1895) (Canada, United States)
   • Aphaenogaster subterranea borealis Wheeler, W.M., 1915
   • Aphaenogaster subterranea valida Wheeler, W.M., 1915

olympica Borowiec & Salata, 2014 (Greece)
omotoensis Terayama & Kubota, 2013 (Japan)
opposita (Say, 1836)
osimensis Teranishi, 1940 (Japan, Micronesia (Federated States of))
ovaticeps (Emery, 1898) (Albania, Greece, Italy, Republic of Macedonia)

P

pachei (Forel, 1906) (India, Nepal)
pallescens Walker, 1871
pallida (Nylander, 1849) (Algeria, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Italy, Republic of Macedonia)
pallida laurenti Santschi, 1939 (Algeria)
patruelis Forel, 1886 (Mexico, United States)
   • Aphaenogaster patruelis willowsi Wheeler, W.M., 1933
   • Stenamma patruele bakeri Wheeler, W.M., 1904

patruelis carbonaria Pergande, 1894 (Mexico)
perplexa Smith, M.R., 1961 (New Guinea)
   • Aphaenogaster quadrispina wheeleri Donisthorpe, 1938

phalangium Emery, 1890 (Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama)
phillipsi Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916 (Israel, Jordan, Occupied Palestinian Territory)
picea (Wheeler, W.M., 1908) (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster texana punctithorax Cole, 1938

picena Baroni Urbani, 1971 (Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia)
polyodonta Zhou, 2001 (China)
poultoni Crawley, 1922 (Australia)
praedo Emery, 1908 (Algeria, Morocco)
praedo ellipsoida Santschi, 1933 (Morocco)
praenoda Santschi, 1933 (Morocco)
praenoda confinis Santschi, 1933 (Morocco)
projectens Donisthorpe, 1947 (New Guinea)
prudens (Forel, 1902) (India, Nepal)
pumilopuncta Zhou, 2001 (China)
punctaticeps Mackay, W.P., 1989 (Mexico, United States)
punctatissima Mackay, 2017
pythia Forel, 1915 (Australia, New Guinea)

Q

quadrispina Emery, 1911 (New Guinea)

R

radchenkoi Kiran, Aktaç & Tezcan, 2008 (Turkey)
reichelae Shattuck, 2008 (Australia)
relicta Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914 (Greater Antilles, Haiti)
   • Aphaenogaster relicta epinotalis Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914

reticulaticeps Mackay, 2017
rhaphidiiceps (Mayr, 1877) (Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan)
rifensis Cagniant, 1994 (Morocco)
rothneyi (Forel, 1902) (China, India)
rudis Enzmann, J., 1947 (United States)
rugosoferruginea Forel, 1889 (Greece)
rugulosa Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (Japan)
rupestris Forel, 1909 (Algeria)

S

sagei (Forel, 1902) (China, India)
saharensis Bernard, 1953 (Algeria)
sangiorgii (Emery, 1901) (Greece, Republic of Macedonia)
sarae Sharaf, 2018 (Oman)
sardoa Mayr, 1853 (Algeria, Italy, Morocco)
   • Aphaenogaster sardoa longispina Wolf, 1915

sardoa anoemica Santschi, 1910 (Morocco)
schmidti Karavaiev, 1912 (Republic of Korea)
schurri (Forel, 1902) (China, India)
semipolita (Nylander, 1856) (Georgia, Italy, Turkey)
senilis Mayr, 1853 (Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, France, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain)
   • Aphaenogaster senilis acoreensis Santschi, 1933
   • Aphaenogaster senilis grata Santschi, 1933
   • Aphaenogaster senilis occidua Santschi, 1933
   • Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa fuentei Medina, 1893

senilis disjuncta Santschi, 1933 (Morocco)
sicardi Cagniant, 1990 (Morocco)
sicula Emery, 1908 (Italy, Malta, Montenegro)
simonellii Emery, 1894 (Greece, Turkey)
smithi Gregg, 1949
smythiesii (Forel, 1902) (Afghanistan, China, India, Nepal, Republic of Korea)
spinosa Emery, 1878 (France, Italy, Switzerland)
   • Aphaenogaster corsica Casevitz-Weulersse, 2010
   • Aphaenogaster spinosa etrusca Baroni Urbani, 1969
   • Aphaenogaster testaceopilosum nitida Krausse, 1912
   • Aphaenogaster testaceopilosum romana Santschi, 1933

splendida (Roger, 1859) (Algeria, Armenia, Croatia, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Israel, Malta, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Spain, Turkey)
splendida transcaucasica Karavaiev, 1926 (Georgia)
sporadis Santschi, 1933 (Greece)
striativentris Forel, 1895 (Iberian Peninsula, Spain, Spain)
strioloides Forel, 1890 (Algeria, Tunisia)
subcostata Viehmeyer, 1922 (Greece, Turkey)
subexaperata Zhou, 2001 (China)
subterranea (Latreille, 1798) (Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
subterranea ichnusa Santschi, 1925 (Italy)
subterraneoides Emery, 1881 (Croatia, Greece, Israel, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Ukraine)
   • Aphaenogaster pallida cypriotes Emery, 1908

subterraneoides armeniaca Arnoldi, 1968 (Armenia)
swammerdami Forel, 1886 (Madagascar)
swammerdami clara (Santschi, 1915) (Madagascar)
swammerdami curta Forel, 1891 (Madagascar)
swammerdami spinipes Santschi, 1911 (Madagascar)
syriaca Emery, 1908 (Iran, Israel, Lebanon)
   • Aphaenogaster schmitzi syria Forel, 1910

syriaca schmitzi Forel, 1910 (Israel)

T

takahashii Wheeler, W.M., 1930 (China, Taiwan)
tennesseensis (Mayr, 1862) (United States)
   • Atta laevis Mayr, 1862
   • Myrmica subrubra Buckley, 1867
   • Stenamma tennesseense ecalcaratum Emery, 1895

testaceopilosa (Lucas, 1849) (Algeria, Turkey)
testaceopilosa cabylica Stitz, 1917 (Algeria)
testaceopilosa canescens (Emery, 1895) (Algeria)
texana Wheeler, W.M., 1915 (Mexico, United States)
   • Aphaenogaster huachucana crinimera Cole, 1953
   • Aphaenogaster silvestrii Menozzi Menozzi, 1929
   • Aphaenogaster texana furvescens Wheeler, W.M., 1915

theryi Santschi, 1923 (Morocco)
tibetana Donisthorpe, 1929 (China, Tibet)
tinauti Cagniant, 1992 (Morocco)
tipuna Forel, 1913 (Japan, Republic of Korea, Taiwan)
tokarainsulana Watanabe & Yamane, 1999 (China, Japan)
torossiani Cagniant, 1988 (Morocco)
treatae Forel, 1886 (United States)
   • Aphaenogaster treatae pluteicornis Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, E.W., 1934
   • Aphaenogaster treatae wheeleri Mann, 1915

trinacriae Alicata & Schifani, 2019 (Italy)
turkestanica Arnoldi, 1976 (Kazakhstan)

U

uinta Wheeler, W.M., 1917 (United States)
ujhelyii Szabó, 1910 (Tunisia)
ulibeli Gomez & Espadaler, 2018 (Spain)
umphreyi Deyrup & Davis, 1998 (United States)

W

wangtian Terayama, 2009 (Taiwan)
wangye Terayama, 2009 (Taiwan)
weigoldi Viehmeyer, 1922 (China)
weulersseae Cagniant, 1989 (Morocco)
wilsoni Cagniant, 1988 (Morocco)

X

xuantian Terayama, 2009 (Taiwan)

Fossil Species

A

amphioceanica De Andrade, 1995
antiqua Dlussky, 2002
archaica (Meunier, 1915)
avita Fujiyama, 1970

D

dlusskyana Radchenko & Perkovsky, 2016
donisthorpei Carpenter, 1930
dumetora (Lin, 1982)

L

lapidescens Zhang, J., 1989
longaeva Scudder, 1877

M

maculata Théobald, 1937
maculipes Théobald, 1937
mayri Carpenter, 1930
mersa Wheeler, W.M., 1915

O

oligocenica Wheeler, W.M., 1915

P

paludosa Zhang, J., 1989
pannonica Bachmayer, 1960
praerelicta De Andrade, 1995

S

shanwangensis (Hong, 1984)
sommerfeldti Mayr, 1868