Wheeler, W.M., 1932
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Aphaenogaster miamiana is within the Aphaenogaster rudis clade but can be distinguished by the more rugose sculpturing on the head and mesosoma, and by a missing intron in the gene CAD (DeMarco and Cognato, in prep.). (DeMarco, 2015)
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- miamiana. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) texana var. miamiana Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. (Florida).
- Subspecies of texana: Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
- Status as species: Creighton, 1950a: 145; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 117; Wilson, 1964b: 6; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1361; Bolton, 1995b: 71; Umphrey, 1996: 558 (in key); Deyrup, 2003: 44; MacGown & Forster, 2005: 71; Deyrup, 2017: 50; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 310 (redescription).
- Senior synonym of azteca: Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 310.
- azteca. Aphaenogaster fulva var. azteca Enzmann, J. 1947b: 150 (in key).
- [First available use of Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum subsp. aquia var. aztecum Emery, 1895c: 305 (w.) MEXICO (no state data); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
- As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 517; Emery, 1921f: 57.
- Subspecies of fulva: Bolton, 1995b: 68.
- Status as species: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 12.
- Junior synonym of miamiana: Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 310.
Described from eight workers, three females and a male taken by A. E. Wight at Miami, Florida (type-locality), two females from the same locality taken by M. Hebard, several workers collected by myself on Paradise Key and at Planter on Key Largo and three workers from Biscayne Bay (Mrs. A. T. Slosson).
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 5 workers, 2 queens, Miami, Florida, United States, , 8 May 1904, A.E. Wight, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 3 workers, 1 queen (missing postpetiole, gaster), 1 male, Miami, Florida, United States, Museum of Comparative Zoology. , 8 May 1904, A.E. Wight, MCZ Type No. 22781,
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 2 queens, Miami, Florida, United States, , M. Hebard, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, several workers, Paradise Key, Florida, United States, W.M. Wheeler, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, several workers, Planter, Key Largo, Florida, United States, W.M. Wheeler, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 3 workers, Biscayne, Florida, United States, A.T. Slosson, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster fulva azteca: Syntype, several workers, Mexico, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa.
A single worker labeled as “Aphaenogaster fulvum aquia var. aztecum Em, Mexico” and “from Emery” and matching Emery’s description is held in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. While not labeled as a type it seems highly likely that if not a true type this specimen was certainly identified by Emery and is likely to be conspecific with the true type material.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Length 5-5.7 mm.
More robust and averaging larger than the other forms of texana: head broader and less narrowed behind, though without posterior corners, the postocular outline from above semicircular; antennal scapes stouter and slightly shorter; epinotal spines longer, slender and acute. Sculpture decidedly coarser throughout, mandibles, clypeus and head more strongly longitudinally rugose; pronotum and base of epinotum transversely, sides of thorax longitudinally rugulose. Pubescence on legs somewhat more distinct and more abundant. Rich ferruginous red, antennae paler, posterior portion of gaster dark brown; coxae and legs yellow-brown.
(dealated). Length about 7 mm.
Smaller than the female of the typical texana which measures 8-8.5 mm. and exhibiting the same differences in sculpture, pilosity and color as the worker.
Length 4.5 mm.
Very similar to the male of the typical texana but the head slightly broader and the epinotal protuberances of a different shape, being less swollen and not separated by a longitudinal dorsal impression. Mesonotum less shining and more sharply rugulose posteriorly.
- 2n = 36 (USA) (Crozier, 1977).
- Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 145, Raised to species)
- DeMarco, B.B. 2015. Phylogeny of North American Aphaenogaster species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) reconstructed with morphological and DNA data. Ph.D. thesis, Michigan State University.
- Lau, M.K., Ellison, A.M., Nguyen, A., Penick, C., DeMarco, B., Gotelli, N.J., Sanders, N.J., Dunn, R.R., Helms Cahan, S. 2019. Draft Aphaenogaster genomes expand our view of ant genome size variation across climate gradients. PeerJ 7, e6447 (doi:10.7717/PEERJ.6447).
- Lau, M.K., Ellison, A.M., Nguyen, A., Penick, C., DeMarco, B., Gotelli, N.J., Sanders, N.J., Dunn, R.R., Helms Cahan, S. 2019. Draft Aphaenogaster genomes expand our view of ant genome size variation across climate gradients. PeerJ 7:e6447 (DOI 10.7717/peerj.6447).
- Umphrey, G. J. 1996. Morphometric discrimination among sibling species in the fulva-rudis-texana complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Can. J. Zool. 74: 528-559 (page 558, see also (in key))
- Warren, R.J., McAfee, P., Bahn, V. 2011. Ecological differentiation among key plant mutualists from a cryptic ant guild. Insectes Sociaux 58, 505–512 (doi:10.1007/s00040-011-0174-x).
- Wheeler, W. M. 1932a. A list of the ants of Florida with descriptions of new forms. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 40: 1-17 (page 5, worker, queen, male described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Addison D. S., I. Bartoszek, V. Booher, M. A. Deyrup, M. Schuman, J. Schmid, and K. Worley. 2016. Baseline surveys for ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the western Everglades, Collier County, Florida. Florida Entomologist 99(3): 389-394.
- Annotated Ant Species List Ordway-Swisher Biological Station. Downloaded at http://ordway-swisher.ufl.edu/species/os-hymenoptera.htm on 5th Oct 2010.
- Clouse R. 1999. Leaf-Litter Inhabitants of a Brazilian Pepper Stand in Everglades National Park. The Florida Entomologist. 82: 388-403
- Deyrup M., L. Deyrup, and J. Carrel. 2013. Ant Species in the Diet of a Florida Population of Eastern Narrow-Mouthed Toads, Gastrophryne carolinensis. Southeastern Naturalist 12(2): 367-378.
- Deyrup, Mark A., Carlin, Norman, Trager, James and Umphrey, Gary. 1988. A Review of the Ants of the Florida Keys. The Florida Entomologist. 71(2):163-176.
- Forster J.A. 2005. The Ants (hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Alabama. Master of Science, Auburn University. 242 pages.
- Ipser R. M. 2004. Native and exotic ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Georgia: Ecological Relationships with implications for development of biologically-based management strategies. Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Georgia. 165 pages.
- Ipser, R.M., M.A. Brinkman, W.A. Gardner and H.B. Peeler. 2004. A Survey of Ground-Dwelling Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Georgia. The Florida Entomologist 87(3) 253-260.
- Jeanne R. J. 1979. A latitudinal gradient in rates of ant predation. Ecology 60(6): 1211-1224.
- Longino, J.T. 2010. Personal Communication. Longino Collection Database
- MacGown J. A., J. G. Hill, and R. L. Brown. 2010. Native and exotic ant in Mississippi state parks. Proceedings: Imported Fire Ant Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, March 24-26, 2008: 74-80.
- MacGown, J. A. and J. G. Hill. 2010. Two new exotic pest ants, Pseudomyrmex gracilis and Monomorium floricola (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected in Mississippi. Midsouth Entomologist 3 (2): 106-109.
- MacGown, J. and J.G. Hill. Ants collected at Palestinean Gardens, George County Mississippi.
- MacGown, J.A and J.A. Forster. 2005. A preliminary list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Alabama, U.S.A. Entomological News 116(2):61-74
- Moreau C. S., M. A. Deyrup, and L. R. David Jr. 2014. Ants of the Florida Keys: Species Accounts, Biogeography, and Conservation (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Insect Sci. 14(295): DOI: 10.1093/jisesa/ieu157
- Smith M. R. 1933. Additional species of Florida ants, with remarks. Florida Entomologist 17: 21-26.
- Umphrey G. J. 1996. Morphometric discrimination among sibling species in the fulva-rudis-texana complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Can. J. Zool. 74: 528-559.
- Van Pelt A., and J. B. Gentry. 1985. The ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina. Dept. Energy, Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC., Report SRO-NERP-14, 56 p.
- Wetterer, J.K. and J.A. Moore. 2005. Red Imported Fire Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) at Gopher Tortoise (Testudines: Testudinidae) Burrows. The Florida Entomologist 88(4):349-354
- Wheeler W. M. 1932. A list of the ants of Florida with descriptions of new forms. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 40: 1-17.