Wheeler, W.M., 1932
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
Aphaenogaster miamiana is within the Aphaenogaster rudis clade but can be distinguished by the more rugose sculpturing on the head and mesosoma, and by a missing intron in the gene CAD (DeMarco and Cognato, in prep.). (DeMarco, 2015)
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- miamiana. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) texana var. miamiana Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.
- Subspecies of texana: Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
- Status as species: Creighton, 1950a: 145; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1361; Bolton, 1995b: 71; Umphrey, 1996: 558 (in key).
- Senior synonym of azteca: Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 310.
- azteca. Aphaenogaster fulva var. azteca Enzmann, J. 1947b: 150 (w.) MEXICO.
- [First available use of Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum subsp. aquia var. aztecum Emery, 1895c: 305; unavailable name.]
- Subspecies of fulva: Bolton, 1995b: 68.
- Status as species: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 12.
- Junior synonym of miamiana: Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 310.
Described from eight workers, three females and a male taken by A. E. Wight at Miami, Florida (type-locality), two females from the same locality taken by M. Hebard, several workers collected by myself on Paradise Key and at Planter on Key Largo and three workers from Biscayne Bay (Mrs. A. T. Slosson).
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 5 workers, 2 queens, Miami, Florida, United States, , 8 May 1904, A.E. Wight, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 3 workers, 1 queen (missing postpetiole, gaster), 1 male, Miami, Florida, United States, Museum of Comparative Zoology. , 8 May 1904, A.E. Wight, MCZ Type No. 22781,
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 2 queens, Miami, Florida, United States, , M. Hebard, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, several workers, Paradise Key, Florida, United States, W.M. Wheeler, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, several workers, Planter, Key Largo, Florida, United States, W.M. Wheeler, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster texana miamiana: Syntype, 3 workers, Biscayne, Florida, United States, A.T. Slosson, collection unknown.
- Aphaenogaster fulva azteca: Syntype, several workers, Mexico, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa.
A single worker labeled as “Aphaenogaster fulvum aquia var. aztecum Em, Mexico” and “from Emery” and matching Emery’s description is held in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. While not labeled as a type it seems highly likely that if not a true type this specimen was certainly identified by Emery and is likely to be conspecific with the true type material.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Length 5-5.7 mm.
More robust and averaging larger than the other forms of texana: head broader and less narrowed behind, though without posterior corners, the postocular outline from above semicircular; antennal scapes stouter and slightly shorter; epinotal spines longer, slender and acute. Sculpture decidedly coarser throughout, mandibles, clypeus and head more strongly longitudinally rugose; pronotum and base of epinotum transversely, sides of thorax longitudinally rugulose. Pubescence on legs somewhat more distinct and more abundant. Rich ferruginous red, antennae paler, posterior portion of gaster dark brown; coxae and legs yellow-brown.
(dealated). Length about 7 mm.
Smaller than the female of the typical texana which measures 8-8.5 mm. and exhibiting the same differences in sculpture, pilosity and color as the worker.
Length 4.5 mm.
Very similar to the male of the typical texana but the head slightly broader and the epinotal protuberances of a different shape, being less swollen and not separated by a longitudinal dorsal impression. Mesonotum less shining and more sharply rugulose posteriorly.
- 2n = 36 (USA) (Crozier, 1977).
- Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 145, Raised to species)
- DeMarco, B.B. 2015. Phylogeny of North American Aphaenogaster species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) reconstructed with morphological and DNA data. Ph.D. thesis, Michigan State University.
- Lau, M.K., Ellison, A.M., Nguyen, A., Penick, C., DeMarco, B., Gotelli, N.J., Sanders, N.J., Dunn, R.R., Helms Cahan, S. 2019. Draft Aphaenogaster genomes expand our view of ant genome size variation across climate gradients. PeerJ 7:e6447 (DOI 10.7717/peerj.6447).
- Umphrey, G. J. 1996. Morphometric discrimination among sibling species in the fulva-rudis-texana complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Can. J. Zool. 74: 528-559 (page 558, see also (in key))
- Wheeler, W. M. 1932a. A list of the ants of Florida with descriptions of new forms. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 40: 1-17 (page 5, worker, queen, male described)