Aphaenogaster famelica

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Aphaenogaster famelica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. famelica
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster famelica
(Smith, F., 1874)

Aphaenogaster famelica casent0900455 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster famelica casent0900455 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms
Common Name
Name: Ashinaga-ari
Language: Japanese

This is the most common Japanese species of Aphaenogaster. It is found in lowland areas of eastern Japan, and ranges from lowlands to mountainous areas in the west. Nests are found in open soil or under stones in woodlands and their margins. Gastral turn-down is apparently absent in foraging workers (Japanese Ant Image Database).

Identification

Aphaenogaster erabu, which inhabits Kuchinoerabu-jima and the Tokara Islands, Japan, is distinguished from this species by its yellowish brown body color and elongate propodeal spines, and by the downwards turning of the gasters in foraging workers (Japanese Ant Image Database).

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Japan (type locality), Republic of Korea, Russian Federation.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • famelica. Ischnomyrmex famelicus Smith, F. 1874: 405 (w.) JAPAN.
    • [Misspelled as famelias by Chapman & Capco, 1951: 135.]
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 102 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 60 (l.); Imai, 1966: 131 (k.).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster: Mayr, 1879: 669; Forel, 1900e: 267; Emery, 1908c: 324;
    • combination in Stenamma (Ischnomyrmex): Forel, 1901h: 61;
    • combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster): Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 315;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 57.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1879: 669 (redescription); Dalla Torre, 1893: 102; Forel, 1900e: 267; Forel, 1901h: 61; Wheeler, W.M. 1906c: 315; Emery, 1908c: 324; Yano, 1910: 420; Emery, 1921f: 57; Wheeler, W.M. 1927d: 2; Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 102; Wheeler, W.M. 1930h: 62; Morisita, 1945: 22; Azuma, 1951: 87; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 131, 135; Azuma, 1953: 2; Azuma, 1955: 79; Imai, 1971: 137; Azuma, 1977: 113; Onoyama, 1980: 197; Collingwood, 1981: 26; Nishizono & Yamane, 1990: 26; Ogata, 1991b: 85; Morisita, et al. 1992: 17; Bolton, 1995b: 69; Wu, J. & Wang, 1995: 115; Yamane, 1996: 113; Park & Kim, 2000: 108 (in key); Imai, et al. 2003: 180; Eguchi, 2003: 340; Radchenko, 2005b: 133; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 39.
    • Senior synonym of frontosa: Yamane, 1996: 113.
    • Senior synonym of ruida: Yamane, 1996: 113.
    • Senior synonym of vapida: Yamane, 1996: 113.
  • frontosa. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) famelica subsp. frontosa Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 104 (w.) JAPAN.
    • Status as species: Azuma, 1977: 113.
    • Subspecies of famelica: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 132; Onoyama, 1980: 197; Ogata, 1991b: 85; Bolton, 1995b: 69.
    • Junior synonym of famelica: Yamane, 1996: 113.
  • ruida. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) famelica subsp. ruida Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 104 (q.) JAPAN.
    • [Misspelled as rudia by Ogata, 1991b: 86.]
    • Status as species: Collingwood, 1976: 302; Bolton, 1995b: 72; Park & Kim, 2000: 108 (error).
    • Subspecies of famelica: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 132; Onoyama, 1980: 197; Ogata, 1991b: 86.
    • Junior synonym of famelica: Yamane, 1996: 113.
  • vapida. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) vapida Wheeler, W.M. 1928d: 105 (w.) JAPAN.
    • Status as species: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 133; Onoyama, 1980: 197; Ogata, 1991b: 86; Bolton, 1995b: 74.
    • Junior synonym of famelica: Yamane, 1996: 113.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 17, 2n = 34 (Japan) (Imai & Yosida, 1964; Imai, 1966; Imai, 1969; Imai, 1971).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 69, catalogue)
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  • Emery, C. 1908d. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.) III. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungengruppe. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 305-338 (page 324, combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 57, combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma))
  • Forel, A. 1901m. Formiciden des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Hamburg. Neue Calyptomyrmex-, Dacryon-, Podomyrma- und Echinopla-Arten. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 18: 43-82 (page 61, combination in Stenamma (Ischnomyrmex))
  • Imai, H. T. 1966b. The chromosome observation techniques of ants and the chromosomes of Formicinae and Myrmicinae. Acta Hymenopterol. 2: 119-131 (page 131, karyotype described)
  • Imai, H. T. 1971. Karyological studies of Japanese ants II. Species differentiation in Aphaenogaster; with special regard to their morphology, distribution and chromosomes. Mushi 44: 137-151 (page 137, see also)
  • Mayr, G. 1879. Beiträge zur Ameisen-Fauna Asiens. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 28: 645-686 (page 669, combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Smith, F. 1874b. Descriptions of new species of Tenthredinidae, Ichneumonidae, Chrysididae, Formicidae, &c. of Japan. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1874: 373-409 (page 405, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953b. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 55: 49-84 (page 60, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1906h. The ants of Japan. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 22: 301-328 (page 315, combination in Stenamma (Aphaenogaster))
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1928d. Ants collected by Professor F. Silvestri in Japan and Korea. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 22: 96-125 (page 102, queen, male described)
  • Yamane, S. 1996. New synonymy in the genus Aphaenogaster Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Species Divers. 1: 111-115 (page 113, Senior synonym of frontosa, ruida and vapida)

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