Aphaenogaster phalangium

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Aphaenogaster phalangium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. phalangium
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster phalangium
Emery, 1890

Aphaenogaster phalangium casent0900418 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster phalangium casent0900418 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Colombia, Costa Rica (type locality), Honduras, Panama.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • phalangium. Aphaenogaster phalangium Emery, 1890b: 47, pl. 5, figs. 6, 7 (w.m.) COSTA RICA.
    • [Also described as new by Emery, 1894k: 54.]
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex): Forel, 1899c: 59;
    • combination in Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma): Emery, 1915d: 71.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 104; Forel, 1899c: 59; Emery, 1915d: 71; Emery, 1921f: 65; Mann, 1922: 24; Kempf, 1972a: 23; Bolton, 1995b: 72; Longino & Cover, 2004: 10; Mackay & Dash, 2016: 8; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 353 (redescription) ; Fernández & Serna, 2019: 799.
  • inermis. Aphaenogaster semipolita var. inermis Santschi, 1933c: 390.
    • [First available use of Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa subsp. semipolita var. inermis Emery, 1908c: 320 (w.) ITALY; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • [Junior primary homonym of Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex) araneoides var. inermis Forel, 1899c: 60.]
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1916b: 131; Emery, 1921f: 63; Menozzi, 1921: 26; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 44.
    • Status as species: Schembri & Collingwood, 1981: 423; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 269 (in key); Poldi, et al. 1995: 3; Petrov, 2006: 89 (in key) (error).
    • Replacement name: Aphaenogaster inermita Bolton, 1995b: 70.

Description

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 72, catalogue)
  • Emery, C. 1890c. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22: 38-80 (page 47, pl. 5, figs. 6, 7 worker, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1894l. Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. An. Mus. Nac. Costa Rica 1888- 1889: 45-64 (page 54, also described as new)
  • Emery, C. 1915k. Definizione del genere Aphaenogaster e partizione di esso in sottogeneri. Parapheidole e Novomessor nn. gg. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna Cl. Sci. Fis. (n.s.) 19: 67-75 (page 71, combination in Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma))
  • Forel, A. 1899e. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 57-80 (page 59, combination in Aphaenogaster (Ischnomyrmex))
  • Longino, J. T. and Cover, S. 2004. A revision of the Aphaenogaster phalangium complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 655: 1-12 (page 6, senior synonym of inermis, nitidiventris, and canalis)
  • Mackay, W.P., Dash, S.T. 2016. A revision of the phalangium species complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 142: 1-22.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Emery C. 1890. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22: 38-8
  • Emery C. 1894. Estudios sobre las hormigas de Costa Rica. Anales del Museo Nacional de Costa Rica 1888-1889: 45-64.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Field Museum Collection, Chicago, Illinois (C. Moreau)
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part IV. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae Lep. (suite). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 20: 1-32.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino J. T. and Cover S. 2004. A revision of the Aphaenogaster phalangium complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 655: 1-12
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at https://sites.google.com/site/admacsite/
  • Mackay W., and S. T. Dash. 2016. A revision of the phalangium species complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Transactions American Entomological Society 142: 1-22.
  • Mann W. M. 1922. Ants from Honduras and Guatemala. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 61: 1-54.