Aphaenogaster subterraneoides

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Aphaenogaster subterraneoides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species group: pallida
Species: A. subterraneoides
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster subterraneoides
Emery, 1881

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Specimen Labels


This species has been found in steppe grasslands in Bulgaria (Borowiec et al., 2019).


A member of the Aphaenogaster pallida-group (Borowiec et al., 2019).

Aphaenogaster subterraneoides and Aphaenogaster pallida are very similar and differ only in the structure of propodeum. In A. pallida the propodeum is rounded, lacking propodeal spines, while in A. subterraneoides minute propodeal spines are present (Borowiec et al., 2019).

Keys including this Species


This is the most widespread species of the A. pallida species group. It has been recorded from Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, North Macedonia, Russia (Caucasus), Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. It is possible that records of Aphaenogaster pallida from Bulgaria (Vasilev 1984) are misidentified specimens of Aphaenogaster subterraneoides (Borowiec et al., 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (type locality), Israel, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • subterraneoides. Aphaenogaster pallida var. subterraneoides Emery, 1881b: 534 (w.) GREECE. Santschi, 1939c: 5 (q.). Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 59. Subspecies of striola: Forel, 1890a: lxxi; of gibbosa: Karavaiev, 1912a: 5; of pallida: Emery, 1915a: 258; Finzi, 1930d: 312. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 159. Junior synonym of pallida: Bernard, 1967: 134. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Arnol'di, 1976b: 1023. Senior synonym of cypriotes: Emery, 1915a: 258. Current subspecies: nominal plus armeniaca.
  • cypriotes. Aphaenogaster pallida subsp. cypriotes Emery, 1908c: 329 (w.) CYPRUS. Junior synonym of subterraneoides: Emery, 1915a: 258.



  • Arnol'di, K. V. 1976b. Review of the genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in the USSR. Zool. Zh. 5 55: 1019-1026 (page 1023, revived from synonymy and raised to species)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 134, junior synonym of pallida)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 73, catalogue)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 159, raised to species)
  • Borowiec, L., Lapeva-Gjonova, A., Salata, S. 2019. Three Species of Aphaenogaster Mayr, 1853 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) New to the Bulgarian Fauna. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 71(4): 613-616.
  • Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
  • Emery, C. 1881b. Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso dei Signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 novembre 1879 al 26 febbraio 1880. I. Formiche. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 16: 525-535 (page 534, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1915a. Contributo alla conoscenza delle formiche delle isole italiane. Descrizione di forme mediterrannee nuove o critiche. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 46[=(3)(6): 244-270 (page 258, variety/subspecies of pallida)
  • Emery, C. 1915a. Contributo alla conoscenza delle formiche delle isole italiane. Descrizione di forme mediterrannee nuove o critiche. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 46[=(3)(6): 244-270 (page 258, senior synonym of cypriotes)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 59, combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma))
  • Finzi, B. 1930d. Zoologische Forschungsreise nach den Jonischen Inseln und dem Peloponnes. XII. Teil. Die Ameisen der Jonischen Inseln. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I 139: 309-319 (page 312, variety/subspecies of pallida)
  • Forel, A. 1890b. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 34:lxi-lxxvi. (page lxxi, variety/subspecies of striola)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1912a. Ameisen aus Tunesien und Algerien, nebst einigen unterwegs in Italien gesammelten Arten. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 12: 1-22 (page 5, variety/subspecies of gibbosa)
  • Santschi, F. 1939c. Trois notes sur quelques fourmis du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique. Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg. 15(1 14: 1-15 (page 5, queen described)