Aphaenogaster texana

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aphaenogaster texana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. texana
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster texana
Wheeler, W.M., 1915

Aphaenogaster texana casent0102827 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster texana casent0102827 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Nests under stones, in moist, rocky soil.

Identification

Aphaenogaster texana was described as similar to Aphaenogaster carolinensis, but with longer spines and directed further upwards. This research finds overlapping morphological characters with both Aphaenogaster texana and Aphaenogaster rudis. DNA data indicates that A. texana occurs west of the Mississippi River. (DeMarco, 2015)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 41.849209° to 19.44889°.

     
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).
Neotropical Region: Mexico.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the phorid fly Apocephalus portalensis (a parasite) (phorid.net) (attacked).

Flight Period

X
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Source: antkeeping.info.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • texana. Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum var. texanum Wheeler, W.M. 1906d: 341.
    • [First available use of Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum subsp. aquia var. texanum Emery, 1895c: 306 (w.) U.S.A (Texas); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 413 (q.m.). Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 62 (l.).
    • Combination in A. (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 60.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 565.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 412; Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 516; Emery, 1921f: 60; Cole, 1937a: 101; Creighton, 1950a: 151; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 797; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 118; Hunt & Snelling, 1975: 21; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1986g: 36 (in key); DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 137; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Umphrey, 1996: 558 (in key); Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 78; Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 14; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 416 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of crinimera: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 14; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 417.
    • Senior synonym of furvescens: Creighton, 1950a: 152; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 118; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 416.
    • Senior synonym of silvestrii: Creighton, 1950a: 152; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 118; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 417.
  • crinimera. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) huachucana subsp. crinimera Cole, 1953b: 82, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. (New Mexico).
    • [Misspelled as crimera by Mackay, Lowrie, et al. 1988: 87.]
    • Subspecies of huachucana: Cole, 1953e: 243; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 117; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1361; Mackay, Lowrie, et al. 1988: 87; Bolton, 1995b: 69; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 75.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 14; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 417.
  • furvescens. Aphaenogaster texana var. furvescens Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 413 (w.q.) U.S.A. (Arizona).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 60.
    • Subspecies of texana: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 517; Emery, 1921f: 60; Smith, M.R. 1928c: 275; Smith, M.R. 1930a: 4; Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5; Cole, 1937a: 101; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Creighton, 1950a: 152; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 118; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Bolton, 1995b: 69; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 416.
  • silvestrii. Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma) silvestrii Menozzi, 1929b: 282, fig. 1 (w.q.) U.S.A. (Florida) (date of publication 6.viii.1929).
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5.
    • Subspecies of texana: Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Creighton, 1950a: 153; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 118; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Bolton, 1995b: 73; Mackay & Mackay, 2017: 417.
  • silvestrii. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) silvestrii Wheeler, W.M. 1929g: 37, fig. 3 (w.m.) TAIWAN (date of publication 22.x.1929).
    • [Junior primary homonym of Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma) silvestrii Menozzi, 1929b: 282.]
    • Status as species: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 132; Wu, J. & Wang, 1992: 1304.
    • Replacement name: Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) lepida Wheeler, W.M. 1930a: 96.

Type Material

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Alatorre-Bracamontes, C.E. and M Vasquez-Bolanos. 2010. Lista comentada de las hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) del norte de México. Dugesiana 17(1):9-36
  • Cokendolpher J.C., Reddell J.R., Taylor S.J, Krejca J.K., Suarez A.V. and Pekins C.E. 2009. Further ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from caves of Texas [Hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicdae) adicionales de cuevas de Texas]. Texas Memorial Museum Speleological Monographs, 7. Studies on the cave and endogean fauna of North America, V. Pp. 151-168
  • Cole A. C., Jr. 1953. Studies of New Mexico ants. IV. The genera Myrmica, Manica, Aphaenogaster, and Novomessor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 28: 242-244.
  • Cover S. P., and R. A. Johnson. 20011. Checklist of Arizona Ants. Downloaded on January 7th at http://www.asu.edu/clas/sirgtools/AZants-2011%20updatev2.pdf
  • Creighton W. S. 1952. Studies on Arizona ants. 2. New data on the ecology of Aphaenogaster huachucana and a description of the sexual forms. Psyche (Cambridge) 58: 89-99.
  • DeMarco B. B., and A. I. Cognato. 2016. A multiple-gene phylogeny reveals polyphyly among eastern North American Aphaenogaster species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12168
  • Deyrup, M. and J. Trager. 1986. Ants of the Archbold Biological Station, Highlands County, Florida (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Florida Entomologist 69(1):206-228
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-414
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-415
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-416
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-417
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-419
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-420
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-421
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-422
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-423
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-424
  • DuBois M. B. 1985. Distribution of ants in Kansas: subfamilies Ponerinae, Ecitoninae, and Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 153-425
  • Dubois, M.B. and W.E. Laberge. 1988. An Annotated list of the ants of Illionois. pages 133-156 in Advances in Myrmecology, J. Trager
  • Fernandes, P.R. XXXX. Los hormigas del suelo en Mexico: Diversidad, distribucion e importancia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • General D., and L. Thompson. 2008. Ants of Arkansas Post National Memorial: How and Where Collected. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 62: 52-60.
  • General D.M. & Thompson L.C. 2007. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Arkansas Post National Memorial. Journal of the Arkansas Acaedemy of Science. 61: 59-64
  • General D.M. & Thompson L.C. 2008. New Distributional Records of Ants in Arkansas for 2008. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science. 63: 182-184
  • Gibbs M. M., P. L. Lambdin, J. F. Grant, and A. M. Saxton. 2003. Ground-inhabiting ants collected in a mixed hardwood southern Appalachian forest in Eastern Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 78(2): 45-49.
  • Guénard B., K. A. Mccaffrey, A. Lucky, and R. R. Dunn. 2012. Ants of North Carolina: an updated list (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3552: 1-36.
  • Jeanne R. J. 1979. A latitudinal gradient in rates of ant predation. Ecology 60(6): 1211-1224.
  • Johnson R. Personnal Database. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://www.asu.edu/clas/sirgtools/resources.htm
  • Longino, J.T. 2010. Personal Communication. Longino Collection Database
  • Mackay W. P., and E. E. Mackay. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp.
  • Mackay, W., D. Lowrie, A. Fisher, E. Mackay, F. Barnes and D. Lowrie. 1988. The ants of Los Alamos County, New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). pages 79-131 in J.C. Trager, editor, Advances in Myrmecololgy.
  • Moody J. V., and O. F. Francke. 1982. The Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Western Texas Part 1: Subfamily Myrmicinae. Graduate Studies Texas Tech University 27: 80 pp.
  • Morrison, L.W. 2002. Long-Term Impacts of an Arthropod-Community Invasion by the Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta. Ecology 83(8):2337-2345
  • O'Keefe S. T., J. L. Cook, T. Dudek, D. F. Wunneburger, M. D. Guzman, R. N. Coulson, and S. B. Vinson. 2000. The Distribution of Texas Ants. The Southwestern Entomologist 22: 1-92.
  • Reddell J. R., and J. C. Cokendolpher. 2001. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from caves of Belize, Mexico, and California and Texas (U.S.A.) Texas. Texas Memorial Museum Speleological Monographs 5: 129-154.
  • Smith M. R. 1936. A list of the ants of Texas. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 44: 155-170.
  • Szalanski A.L., McKern J.A., Solorzan C. and Austin J.W. 2010. Genetic Diversity of Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest, Arkansas, USA. Sciobiology. 56: 1-10
  • Umphrey G. J. 1996. Morphometric discrimination among sibling species in the fulva-rudis-texana complex of the ant genus Aphaenogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Can. J. Zool. 74: 528-559.
  • Van Pelt A. F. 1948. A Preliminary Key to the Worker Ants of Alachua County, Florida. The Florida Entomologist 30(4): 57-67
  • Van Pelt A. F. 1966. Activity and density of old-field ants of the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 82: 35-43.
  • Van Pelt A., and J. B. Gentry. 1985. The ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina. Dept. Energy, Savannah River Ecology Lab., Aiken, SC., Report SRO-NERP-14, 56 p.
  • Van Pelt, A. 1983. Ants of the Chisos Mountains, Texas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) . Southwestern Naturalist 28:137-142.
  • Varela-Hernandez, F., M. Rocha-Ortega, R. W. Jones, and W. P. Mackay. 2016. Insectos: Hormigas (Formicidae) del estado de Queretaro, Mexico. Pages 397-404 in W. Jones., and V. Serrano-Cardenas, editors. Historia Natural de Queretaro. Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Mexico.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
  • Warren, L.O. and E.P. Rouse. 1969. The Ants of Arkansas. Bulletin of the Agricultural Experiment Station 742:1-67
  • Wheeler G. C., and J. Wheeler J. 1989. A checklist of the ants of Oklahoma. Prairie Naturalist 21: 203-210.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1906. The ants of the Grand Cañon. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 22: 329-345.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1915. Some additions to the North American ant-fauna. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 34: 389-421.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1932. A list of the ants of Florida with descriptions of new forms. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 40: 1-17.
  • Wheeler, G.C. and J. Wheeler. 1985. A checklist of Texas ants. Prairie Naturalist 17:49-64.
  • Young J., and D. E. Howell. 1964. Ants of Oklahoma. Miscellaneous Publication. Oklahoma Agricultural Experimental Station 71: 1-42.
  • Young, J. and D.E. Howell. 1964. Ants of Oklahoma. Miscellaneous Publications of Oklahoma State University MP-71