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Prolasius advena
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Melophorini
Genus: Prolasius
Forel, 1892
Type species
Formica advena, now Prolasius advena
20 species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Prolasius advenus casent0172948 profile 1.jpg

Prolasius advena

Prolasius advenus casent0172948 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Evolutionary Relationships

  (2 genera)

  (10 genera)


  (92 species)

  (48 species)

  (3 species)

  (6 species)

  (2 species)

  (6 species)

  (2 species)

  (20 species)

  (3 species)

  (8 genera)

Gesomyrmex, Oecophylla

  (9 genera)

Gigantiops, Myrmoteras, Santschiella

  (8 genera)

Based on Ward et al. 2016.



Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps


Association with Other Organisms

All Associate Records for Genus

Explore Associate Data: All, Drilldown
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Taxon Relationship Associate Type Associate Taxon Associate Relationship Locality Source Notes
Prolasius advena host nematode Diploscapter formicidae parasite New Zealand Zhao et al., 2013


Head of worker Side of worker Top of worker

Worker of P. nitidissimus from Tasmania.


Worker Morphology

  • Antennal segment count: 12
  • Antennal club: gradual
  • Palp formula: 6,4
  • Total dental count: 5-6
  • Spur formula: 1 simple, 1 simple
  • Eyes: present
  • Scrobes: absent
  • Sting: absent
  • Notes: from literature


Species Uncertain

  • Prolasius sp.(ANIC-1): n = 9, 2n = 18 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).
  • Prolasius sp.(ANIC-2): 2n = 18 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).

All Karyotype Records for Genus

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Taxon Haploid Diploid Karyotype Locality Source Notes
Prolasius 18 Australia Imai et al., 1977
Prolasius 9 18 Australia Imai et al., 1977


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PROLASIUS [Formicinae: Lasiini]
    • Prolasius Forel, 1892c: 331 [as subgenus of Lasius]. Type-species: Formica advena, by monotypy.
    • Prolasius subgenus of Lasius: Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 143.
    • Prolasius subgenus of Melophorus: Forel, 1917: 248; Emery, 1925b: 13.
    • Prolasius raised to genus: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 695; Clark, 1934c: 66; Wheeler, W.M. 1935c: 71.


  • Agosti, D. 1991. Revision of the oriental ant genus Cladomyrma, with an outline of the higher classification of the Formicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 293-310. (page 296, Prolasius in Formicinae, Lasius genus group)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 99, Prolasius in Formicinae, Lasiini)
  • Clark, J. 1934c. Ants from the Otway Ranges. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 8: 48-73 (page 66, Prolasius as genus)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 181, Prolasius as subgenus of Lasius)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 687, Prolasius in Formicinae, Melophorini; Prolasius as subgenus of Melophorus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 13, Prolasius in Formicinae, Melophorini; Prolasius as subgenus of Melophorus)
  • Forel, A. 1892c. Die Ameisen Neu-Seelands. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 8: 331-343 (page 331, Prolasius as subgenus of Lasius)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 248, Prolasius in Camponotinae, Meloporini; Prolasius as subgenus of Melophorus)
  • McAreavey, J. 1947. New species of the genera Prolasius Forel and Melophorus Lubbock (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 15: 7-27 (page 9, Prolasius in Formicinae, Melophorini; Prolasius as genus)
  • Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zool. Cat. Aust. 2:1- 149: 1-149, 30 (page 142, Prolasius as genus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 143, Prolasius as subgenus of Lasius)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 695, Prolasius as genus; Prolasius in Formicinae, Melophorini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1935c. Myrmecological notes. Psyche (Camb.) 42: 68-72 (page 71, Prolasius in Formicinae, Melophorini; Prolasius as genus)