Plagiolepis pallescens

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Plagiolepis pallescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Plagiolepis
Species: P. pallescens
Binomial name
Plagiolepis pallescens
Forel, 1889

Plagiolepis pallescens casent0906084 p 1 high.jpg

Plagiolepis pallescens casent0906084 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This minute species lives in small isolated colonies nesting under flat stones usually with several queens (Collingwood 1979). In Russia it occurs in steppe habitats on rocky slopes with nests in soil (Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007).

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  

 

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Armenia, Austria (type locality), Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, France, Germany, Greece (type locality), Hungary, Iran, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Montenegro, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey (type locality), Ukraine (type locality), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

This species is the host for the workerless inquilines Plagiolepis ampeloni and Plagiolepis delaugerrei (Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 2014).

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Myrmicinosporidium durum (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Castes

Ergatoid queens reported by Espadaler (2007)

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • pallescens. Plagiolepis pygmaea var. pallescens Forel, 1889: 265 (w.) GREECE.
    • [Misspelled as pallecens by Santschi, 1920g: 168.]
    • Santschi, 1911i: 287 (q.); Finzi, 1928c: 790 (m.).
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Forel, 1890a: lxvii; Forel, 1889: 265; Emery, 1891b: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893: 173; Forel, 1902a: 155; Ruzsky, 1902d: 18; Ruzsky, 1903b: 308; Ruzsky, 1905b: 467; Forel, 1911d: 350; Forel, 1911h: 457; Santschi, 1911i: 287; Santschi, 1920g: 168; Ruzsky, 1923: 3.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1921d: 315; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1926e: 188; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294; Finzi, 1928c: 790; Karavaiev, 1931a: 311; Menozzi, 1936d: 297; Finzi, 1936: 184; Arnol'di, 1948: 212 (in list); Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 168; Tarbinsky, 1976: 127 (redescription); Aktaç, 1977: 124; Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 162; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Arakelian, 1994: 78; Bolton, 1995b: 335; Mei, 1995: 767; Radchenko, 1996a: 184; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 134; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 146 (see note in bibliography); Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (redescription); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 48.
    • Senior synonym of ancyrensis: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Senior synonym of pyrenaica: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
    • Senior synonym of satunini: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
    • Senior synonym of taurica: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Senior synonym of vindobonensis: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus atlantis, elguerrhae, isis, kabyla, polygyna, sordida.
  • ancyrensis. Plagiolepis maura var. ancyrensis Santschi, 1920g: 171, fig. 1 (w.q.) TURKEY.
    • [Misspelled as angyrensis by Santschi, 1921a: 114.]
    • Finzi, 1936: 184 (m.).
    • Subspecies of maura: Santschi, 1921a: 114; Emery, 1921b: 208.
    • Subspecies of pallescens: Emery, 1925b: 21; Menozzi, 1933b: 78; Finzi, 1936: 184.
    • Status as species: Tohmé, G. 1969: 10; Kugler, J. 1988: 258; Bolton, 1995b: 334; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 528; Borowiec, L. 2014: 145; Pashaei Rad et al., 2018: 7.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
  • pyrenaica. Plagiolepis barbara var. pyrenaica Emery, 1921d: 315, fig. I (6, 7) (w.) FRANCE.
    • Subspecies of barbara: Emery, 1925b: 20; Bernard, 1950a: 21.
    • Subspecies of schmitzii: Bolton, 1995b: 336.
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
  • satunini. Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) satunini Karavaiev, 1931a: 314, fig. 4 (w.) ARMENIA.
    • Status as species: Arakelian, 1994: 80; Bolton, 1995b: 336.
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812 (by implication).
  • taurica. Plagiolepis maura var. taurica Santschi, 1920g: 171 (w.) RUSSIA (Crimea), TURKMENISTAN.
    • Subspecies of pallescens: Emery, 1921d: 314; Santschi, 1922a: 67; Emery, 1925b: 21; Karavaiev, 1927a: 294.
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Karavaiev, 1931a: 309.
    • Status as species: Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 232; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Legakis, 2011: 25; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 529; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 364; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Bračko, et al. 2014: 20; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2018: 7.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.
  • vindobonensis. Plagiolepis vindobonensis Lomnicki, 1925c: 77, figs. 1-4 (w.) AUSTRIA.
    • Santschi, 1926f: 293 (q.); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 84 (m.).
    • Subspecies of pygmaea: Bernard, 1967: 275 (in key).
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1926f: 288; Stärcke, 1936: 278; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 99 (in key); Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl, et al. 1944: 82; van Boven, 1946: 9; van Boven, 1947: 181 (in key); Kutter, 1968a: 60; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 172; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (in key); van Boven, 1977: 129; Kutter, 1977c: 189; Collingwood, 1979: 110; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 280 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c: 427; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 203; Collingwood, 1993b: 195; Seifert, 1994: 29; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Csösz, & Markó, 2005: 227; Bračko, 2006: 151; Bračko, 2007: 20; Seifert, 2007: 259; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 142; Boer, 2010: 46; Legakis, 2011: 25.
    • Junior synonym of pygmaea: Bernard, 1967: 277 (in taxonomic synopsis and footnote).
    • Junior synonym of taurica: Radchenko, 1989b: 155; Radchenko, 1996a: 185; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 69; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 485; Lapeva-Gjonova et al. 2010: 34; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Borowiec, L. 2014: 147; Casevitz-Weulersse, 2014: 28; Radchenko, 2016: 343.
    • Junior synonym of pallescens: Salata, Borowiec & Radchenko, 2018: 812.

Taxonomic Notes

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) treat the junior synonyms Plagiolepis ancyrensis and Plagiolepis taurica as a valid species although they provide no evidence to support their treatment of either name as representing distinct species. Note that Bolton (in his unpublished An online catalogue of the ants of the world, 15 Feb. 2020) does not recognise the species status proposed by Pashaei Rad et al. (2018), noting that "the entries in this publication are omitted from the catalogue as it contains numerous nomenclatural errors; it also ignores previous taxonomic decisions, and entirely fails to apply ICZN rules that govern the availability of names in the species-group." Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype. TL 1.49, HL 0.45, HW 0.39, SL 0.39, EL 0.12, CI 87, SI 100, PRW 0.25, ML 0.46.

Yellowish brown, gaster yellowish paler than rest of body, legs and antennae yellow, propodeum dorsum characteristically reddish brown. Body smooth and shining. Head distinctly longer than broad with clearly convex sides. Eyes, in full-face view, fail to break head sides. Antennae with appressed pubescence. Second funicular segment as long as or little broader than long. Third funicular segment little longer than broad. Second and third funicular segments nearly subequal. Fourth funicular segment distinctly longer than broad, and little longer than broad. Scape surpassing posterior margin of head by 2-3 X its thickeness. Eyes large (EL 0.12), 0.3 x HW, with eleven ommatadia in the longest row. Anterior clypeal margin with several pairs of long hairs. Occiput nearly straight or feebly concave with strongly rounded posterior corners. Promesonotal suture indistinct. Metanotal groove feebly impressed. Erect hairs limited to anterior margin of clypeus and a small number on the gaster. Dorsum of head with abundant but widely spaced pubescence; other pubescence sparse.

Queen

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype (gaster is broken) HL 0.63, HW 0.56, SL 0.53, EL 0.19, CI 89, SI 95, PRW 0.25, ML 0.92.

Body brown, legs and antennae yellowish brown. Eyes very large (EL 0.19) occupying about half head sides. Anterior clypeal margin with two pairs of long hairs. Palp formula 6,4. Second funicular segment about twice broader than long. Third funicular segment twice longer than broad, and twice longer than second. Fourth funicular segment clearly longer than broad and nearly as long as, or little shorter than, second and third segments combined. Occiput nearly straight or feebly concave with rounded posterior corners. Mesosoma robust, distinctly dorsoventrally compressed. Propodeal spiracle circular. Preonotal humeri with one pair of long hairs. Body with abundant appressed pubescence.

Male

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype. TL 1.42-1.49, HL 0.38, HW 0.35-0.36, SL 0.34-0.38, EL 0.17, CI 92-95, SI 97-106, PRW 0.35-0.36, ML 0.61-0.63.

Body pale brown, legs yellow, all covered with relatively few sparse pubescence. Head distinctly broader than long. Occiput straight. Third funicular segment about twice longer than second segment. Fourth funicular segment as long as or little longer than second and third segments combined. Anterior clypeal margin with one pair of long hairs. Eyes prominent occupying more than half of head sides.

Type Material

Sharaf et al. (2011) - Syntype worker and two syntype males and one syntype queen, Morocco: Magador, iv.1905 (Vaucher) (Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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