Myrmica spinosior

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Myrmica spinosior
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species group: sabuleti
Species: M. spinosior
Binomial name
Myrmica spinosior
Santschi, 1931

Myrmica spinosior P casent0280840.jpg

Myrmica spinosior D casent0280840.jpg

Specimen Label

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - From our observations to date the ecology and biology of M. spinosior is very similar to that of Myrmica sabuleti. It usually builds nests under stones or in the soil, in mountain grassland pastures at about 1000-2000 m. Colonies can vary from a few hundred to a thousand or more workers with several functional queens. Sexuals are in the nest in August and nuptial flights probably take place at the same time as those as M. sabuleti. In our experience there is no reason to think that M. spinosior is an ecological variant of M. sabuleti (e.g. Myrmica lonae) that is more thermophilic than M. sabuleti, we are more inclined to the opinion that it is derived from a separate lineage isolated during one of the more recent glaciations with a considerable overlap of range and possible hybridisation (see notes to M. lobicornis and M. obscura).

Identification

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - A member of the sabuleti complex of the scabrinodis species group that most resembles [[Myrmica sabuleti from which it well differs by its distinctly wider frons (similar to or even wider than in Myrmica scabrinodis (mean FI 0.37 vs. 0.33 in M. sabuleti). However, M. spinosior differs from M. scabrinodis by the less extended frontal lobes (mean FLI l.33 VS. l.42 respectively).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, France (type locality), Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Spain.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Rickia wasmannii (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • spinosior. Myrmica sabuleti var. spinosior Santschi, 1931a: 3 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. [Also described as new by Santschi, 1931b: 346.] Junior synonym of sabuleti: Seifert, 1988b: 31; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990a: 137. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Seifert, 2005: 7. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 289.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Etymology

Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - from the Latin word spinosus (thorn) with the adjectival comparative suffix ior giving spinosior = thornier, to describe the relatively longer propodeal spines of this species.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://antarea.fr/fourmi/
  • Antarea (at www.antarea.fr on June 11th 2017)
  • Asociacion Iberica de Mirmecologia. 2012. List of species collected during the Taxomara Tres Cantos 2012. Iberomyrmex 4: 17-18.
  • Bernadou A., V. Fourcassié, and X. Espadaler. 2013. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Andorra. Zookeys 277: 13-23.
  • Blatrix R., C. Lebas, C. Galkowski, P. Wegnez, P. Pimenta, and D. Morichon. 2016. Vegetation cover and elevation drive diversity and composition of ant communities (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a Mediterranean ecosystem. – Myrmecological News 22: 119-127.
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  • Casevitz-Weulersse J. 1990. Étude systématique de la myrmécofaune corse (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) (Première partie). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Sect. A Zool. Biol. Écol. Anim. (4) 12: 135-163.
  • Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
  • Ebsen J. R., J. J. Boomsma, and D. R. Nash. 2019. Phylogeography and cryptic speciation in the Myrmica scabrinodis Nylander, 1846 species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), and their conservation implications. Insect Conservation and Diversity doi: 10.1111/icad.12366
  • Espadaler X. F. Garcia, K. Gomez, S. Serrano, and R. Vila. 2009. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Mont-Rebei gorge (Pallars Jussà). Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 44: 393–399.
  • Espadaler X., F. Garcia, X. Roig, and R. Vila. 2013. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Castell de Montesquiu park (Osona, north-east of the Iberian Peninsula). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.) 53: 223-227.
  • Espadaler, X., J. Pujade-Villar, and A. Bernadou. "Contribució al coneixement de la taxonomia i la fenologia de les formigues (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) d'Andorra." Butlletí de l' Institució Catalana d'Història Natural 74 (2006): 81-90.
  • GRETIA. 2017. Bilan annuel de l'enquete sur la repartition des fourmis armoricaines. 23 pages.
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  • Galkowski C., and C. Lebas. 2016. Temnothorax conatensis nov. sp., décrite des Pyrenees-Orientales (France) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revue de l’Association Roussillonnaise d’Entomologie 25(2): 80-87.
  • Garcia F, Arnal J, Espadaler X. 2008. Primeros registros de Myrmica bibikoffi Kutter, 1963 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en la Península Ibérica. Heteropterus Revista de Entomologia 8: 211-215.
  • Garcia F., X. Espadaler, and K. Gomez. 2009. First record of Amblyopone impressifrons (Emery, 1869) from the Iberian Peninsula and of Proceratium melinum (Roger, 1860) from Catalonia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 45: 357-360.
  • Garcia Garcia F. 2015. First record for Catalonia of Myrmica lemasnei Bernard, 1967 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Iberomyrmex 7: 24-25.
  • Garcia Garcia F., and A. D. Cuesta-Esgura. 2017. First catalogue of the ants of Burgos province, Spain (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 60: 245–258.
  • García F., X. Espadaler, P. Echave, and R. Vila. 2011. Hormigas (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) de los acantilados de l'Avenc de Tavertet (Osona) Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 47: 363-367.
  • Gouraud C. 2015. Bilan de l’année 2014 : Atlas des fourmis de Loire-Atlantique (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Atlas des Formicidae de Loire-Atlantique, compte rendu de la première année d’étude (2014)
  • Jansen G., R. Savolainen, K. Vespalainen. 2010. Phylogeny, divergence-time estimation, biogeography and social parasite–host relationships of the Holarctic ant genusMyrmica(Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56: 294-304.
  • Lebas C., C. Galkowski, P. Wegnez, X. Espadaler, and R. Blatrix. 2015. The exceptional diversity of ants on mount Coronat (Pyrénées-Orientales), and Temnothorax gredosi(Hymenoptera, Formicidae) new to France. R.A.R.E., T. XXIV (1): 24 – 33
  • Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp.
  • Santschi F. 1931. Notes sur le genre Myrmica (Latreille). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 38: 335-355.
  • Santschi, F. "Inventa entomologica itineris Hispanici et Maroccani, quod a. 1926 fecerunt Harald et Håkan Lindberg. Fourmis du Bassin Méditerranéen occidental et du Maroc récoltées par MM. Lindberg." Societas Scientiarum Fennica (Helsingfors) 3 (14) (1931): 1-13.
  • Seifert B., A. Bagherian Yazdi, and R. Schultz. 2014. Myrmica martini sp. n. - a cryptic species of the Myrmica scabrinodis species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) revealed by geometric morphometrics and nest-centroid clustering. Myrmecological News 19: 171-183.
  • Seifert, B. "Rank elevation in two European ant species: Myrmica lobulicornis NYLANDER, 1857, stat.n. and Myrmica spinosior SANTSCHI, 1931, stat.n. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 7 (2005): 1-7.
  • Wagner H. C., B. Seifert, R. Borovsky, and W. Paill. 2018. First insight into the ant diversity of the Vjosa valley, Albania (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Acta ZooBot Austria 155: 315–321.
  • Weber N. A. 1948. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. II. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 41: 267-308.
  • Weber, N. A. "A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. II." Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 41 (1948): 267-308.