Myrmecia forficata

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Myrmecia forficata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. forficata
Binomial name
Myrmecia forficata
(Fabricius, 1787)

Myrmecia forficata casent0907082 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia forficata casent0907082 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Independent colony foundation is non-claustral (Wheeler 1933 p. 33).

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Austeucharis fasciiventris (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).
  • This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Austeucharis myrmeciae (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • forficata. Formica forficata Fabricius, 1787: 310 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Mayr, 1876: 95 (q.); Clark, 1927: 35 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 249 (l.); Imai, Crozier & Taylor, 1977: 345 (k.). Combination in Myrmecia: Fabricius, 1804: 424. Senior synonym of lucida: Clark, 1951: 93; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629; of rubra (and its junior synonym violacea): Brown, 1953j: 28. See also: Forel, 1913g: 173; Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 31.
  • lucida. Myrmecia lucida Forel, 1893d: 457 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 250 (l.). Junior synonym of forficata: Clark, 1951: 93; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629.
  • rubra. Myrmecia forficata var. rubra Forel, 1910b: 3 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1927: 36 (q.). Raised to species: Clark, 1927: 36. Senior synonym of violacea: Clark, 1951: 98. Junior synonym of forficata: Brown, 1953j: 28.
  • violacea. Myrmecia simillima var. violacea Clark, 1927: 37 (w.) AUSTRALIA. [First available use of Myrmecia forficata r. simillima var. violacea Forel, 1915b: 5; unavailable name (Taylor, 1986: 34).] Junior synonym of rubra: Clark, 1951: 98.

Type Material

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 50, karyotype = 44M+6A (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).
  • 2n = 52 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • 2n = 54 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • 2n = 51 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).
  • 2n = 52 (Australia) (Meyne et al., 1995).

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 28, Senior synonym of rubra (and its junior synonym violacea))
  • Clark, J. 1927. The ants of Victoria. Part III. Vic. Nat. (Melb.) 44: 33-40 (page 35, male described)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.]
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1787. Mantissa insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus, genericis, differentiis, specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Tome I. Hafniae [= Copenhagen]: C. G. Proft, 348 pp. (page 310, worker described)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. (page 424, Combination in Myrmecia)
  • Forel, A. 1913h. Fourmis de Tasmanie et d'Australie récoltées par MM. Lae, Froggatt etc. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 49: 173-195 (page 173, see also)
  • Imai, H. T.; Crozier, R. H.; Taylor, R. W. 1977. Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromosoma (Berl.) 59: 341-393 (page 345, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 95, queen described)
  • Ogata, K.; Taylor, R. W. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a preliminary review and key to the named species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). J. Nat. Hist. 2 25: 1623-1673 (page 1629, Senior synonym of lucida)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971d. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol. 47: 245-256 (page 249, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 31, see also)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Andersen A. N., T. D. Penman, N. Debas, and M. Houadria. 2009. Ant community responses to experimental fire and logging in a Eucalypt forest of south-eastern Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 188-197.
  • Andersen A.N., and M.E. McKaige. 1987. Ant communities at Rotamah Island, Victoria, with particular references to disturbance and Rhytidoponera tasmaniensis. Proc. R. Soc. Vict 99(4):141-146.
  • Borgelt A., and T. R. New. 2005. Pitfall trapping for ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in mesic Australia: the influence of trap diameter. Journal of Insect Conservation 9: 219-221.
  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1953. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Clark J. 1927. The ants of Victoria. Part III. Victorian Naturalist (Melbourne) 44: 33-40.
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Emery C. 1914. Formiche d'Australia e di Samoa raccolte dal Prof. Silvestri nel 1913. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 179-186.
  • Emery, C. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine)." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 5, no. 25 (1887): 427-473.
  • Forel A. 1893. Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 454-466.
  • Forel A. 1910. Formicides australiens reçus de MM. Froggatt et Rowland Turner. Rev. Suisse Zool. 18: 1-94
  • Forel A. 1913. Fourmis de Tasmanie et d'Australie récoltées par MM. Lae, Froggatt etc. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 49: 173-195
  • Lowery B. B., and R. J. Taylor. 1994. Occurrence of ant species in a range of sclerophyll forest communities at Old Chum Dam, north-eastern Tasmania. Australian Entomologist 21: 11-14.
  • Mann V. 2013. Using insect biodiversity to measure the effectiveness of on-farm restoration plantings. Master of Environmental Management at the School of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania 111 pages.
  • Poulton E. B., and W. C. Crawley. 1922. Notes on some Australian ants. Biological notes by E.B. Poulton, D.Sc., M.A., F.R.S., and notes and descriptions of new forms by W.C. Crawley, B.A., F.E.S., F.R.M.S. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine (3) 8: 118-126.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.
  • Taylor R. W., and D. R. Brown. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2: 1-149.