Myrmecia forficata

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Myrmecia forficata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. forficata
Binomial name
Myrmecia forficata
(Fabricius, 1787)

Myrmecia forficata casent0907082 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia forficata casent0907082 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Independent colony foundation is non-claustral (Wheeler 1933 p. 33).

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Austeucharis fasciiventris (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).
  • This species is a host for the eucharitid wasp Austeucharis myrmeciae (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • forficata. Formica forficata Fabricius, 1787: 310 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Mayr, 1876: 95 (q.); Clark, 1927: 35 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 249 (l.); Imai, Crozier & Taylor, 1977: 345 (k.). Combination in Myrmecia: Fabricius, 1804: 424. Senior synonym of lucida: Clark, 1951: 93; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629; of rubra (and its junior synonym violacea): Brown, 1953j: 28. See also: Forel, 1913g: 173; Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 31.
  • lucida. Myrmecia lucida Forel, 1893d: 457 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 250 (l.). Junior synonym of forficata: Clark, 1951: 93; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629.
  • rubra. Myrmecia forficata var. rubra Forel, 1910b: 3 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1927: 36 (q.). Raised to species: Clark, 1927: 36. Senior synonym of violacea: Clark, 1951: 98. Junior synonym of forficata: Brown, 1953j: 28.
  • violacea. Myrmecia simillima var. violacea Clark, 1927: 37 (w.) AUSTRALIA. [First available use of Myrmecia forficata r. simillima var. violacea Forel, 1915b: 5; unavailable name (Taylor, 1986: 34).] Junior synonym of rubra: Clark, 1951: 98.

Type Material



  • 2n = 50, karyotype = 44M+6A (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).
  • 2n = 52 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • 2n = 54 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • 2n = 51 (Australia) (Imai et al., 1977).
  • 2n = 52 (Australia) (Meyne et al., 1995).


  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 28, Senior synonym of rubra (and its junior synonym violacea))
  • Clark, J. 1927. The ants of Victoria. Part III. Vic. Nat. (Melb.) 44: 33-40 (page 35, male described)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1787. Mantissa insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus, genericis, differentiis, specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Tome I. Hafniae [= Copenhagen]: C. G. Proft, 348 pp. (page 310, worker described)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. (page 424, Combination in Myrmecia)
  • Forel, A. 1913h. Fourmis de Tasmanie et d'Australie récoltées par MM. Lae, Froggatt etc. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 49: 173-195 (page 173, see also)
  • Imai, H. T.; Crozier, R. H.; Taylor, R. W. 1977. Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromosoma (Berl.) 59: 341-393 (page 345, karyotype described)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 95, queen described)
  • Ogata, K.; Taylor, R. W. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a preliminary review and key to the named species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). J. Nat. Hist. 2 25: 1623-1673 (page 1629, Senior synonym of lucida)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971d. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol. 47: 245-256 (page 249, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 31, see also)