Myrmecia picta

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Myrmecia picta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species group: picta
Species: M. picta
Binomial name
Myrmecia picta
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia picta casent0902806 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia picta casent0902806 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Within the SWBP, this species is quite common in Wandoo woodlands, on the eastern slopes of the Darling Range.


Heterick (2009) - Myrmecia picta F. Smith, the only member of the M. picta group in the SWBP, has a characteristic bicoloured head capsule, yellow anteriorly and blackish posteriorly.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -28.05° to -35.53332901°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Myrmecia picta casent0902807 h 1 high.jpgMyrmecia picta casent0902807 p 1 high.jpgMyrmecia picta casent0902807 d 1 high.jpgMyrmecia picta casent0902807 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Myrmecia pictaQueen (alate/dealate). Specimen code casent0902807. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.


gulosa group

Myrmecia esuriens

Myrmecia midas

Myrmecia pulchra

Myrmecia mjobergi

Myrmecia regularis

Myrmecia forficata

Myrmecia brevinoda

Myrmecia erecta

Myrmecia pyriformis

Myrmecia browningi

Myrmecia sp.

Myrmecia analis

Myrmecia minuscula

Myrmecia comata

Myrmecia rowlandi

Myrmecia flavicoma

Myrmecia tarsata

Myrmecia tridentata

Myrmecia eungellensis

Myrmecia fabricii

Myrmecia athertonensis

Myrmecia auriventris

Myrmecia borealis

Myrmecia gulosa

Myrmecia forceps

Myrmecia simillima

Myrmecia arnoldi

Myrmecia fulgida

Myrmecia pavida

Myrmecia vindex

Myrmecia fuscipes

Myrmecia (near nigriceps)

Myrmecia desertorum

Myrmecia nigriceps

Myrmecia nigriceps

Myrmecia inquilina

nigrocincta group

Myrmecia flammicollis

Myrmecia petiolata

Myrmecia nigrocincta

picta group

Myrmecia fucosa

Myrmecia picta

Myrmecia infima

Myrmecia urens

apicalis group

Myrmecia apicalis

pilosula group

Myrmecia testaceipes

Myrmecia acuta

Myrmecia chasei

Myrmecia clarki

Myrmecia dispar

Myrmecia occidentalis

Myrmecia tepperi

Myrmecia elegans

Myrmecia varians

Myrmecia banksi

Myrmecia croslandi

Myrmecia impaternata

Myrmecia haskinsorum

Myrmecia pilosula

Myrmecia pilosula

Myrmecia (near pilosula)

Based on Mera-Rodríguez et al. (2023).


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • picta. Myrmecia picta Smith, F. 1858b: 146 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA (South Australia).
    • Type-material: 1 syntype worker, 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: Australia: South Australia, Adelaide, “53/8”.
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Clark, 1927: 39 (m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 251 (l).
    • Combination in M. (Promyrmecia): Clark, 1927: 39;
    • combination in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 100;
    • combination in Myrmecia: Taylor & Brown, 1985: 14.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1861a: 36; Mayr, 1862: 727 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 23; Mayr, 1863: 430; Lowne, 1865b: 336; Mayr, 1876: 94; Dalla Torre, 1893: 21; Forel, 1900b: 54; Forel, 1907h: 267; Emery, 1911d: 21; Forel, 1915b: 4; Viehmeyer, 1924a: 222; Crawley, 1926: 382 (redescription); Clark, 1927: 39; Clark, 1934a: 11 (redescription); Clark, 1943: 100 (redescription); Clark, 1951: 139 (redescription); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 14; Taylor, 1987a: 45; Ogata, 1991a: 361; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1640 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 272; Heterick, 2009: 122.
    • Distribution: Australia.

Type Material



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • CSIRO Collection
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Miller L. J., and T. R. New. 1997. Mount Piper grasslands: pitfall trapping of ants and interpretation of habitat variability. Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 56(2): 377-381.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.