Myrmecia esuriens

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Myrmecia esuriens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. esuriens
Binomial name
Myrmecia esuriens
Fabricius, 1804

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Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -41.08200987° to -43.41666667°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • esuriens. Myrmecia esuriens Fabricius, 1804: 424 (w.) French Guiana.
    • Type-material: holotype (?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: French Guiana: Cayenne.
    • [Note: type-locality corrected to Australia by Roger, 1861a: 35.]
    • Type-depository: “whereabouts unknown”, according to Taylor & Brown, 1985: 5.
    • [Note: Fabricius material is mostly in ZMUC; Banks material described by Fabricius is in BMNH. According to Horn & Kahle, 1935: 71, other material exists in OXUM, MNHN, and in very badly damaged condition in ZMUK.]
    • Clark, 1934a: 16 (ergatoid q. m.).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1861a: 35; Mayr, 1862: 727 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 22; Mayr, 1863: 430; Mayr, 1876: 94; Emery, 1887b: 443; Dalla Torre, 1893: 19; Emery, 1911d: 20; Forel, 1913g: 173; Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 31; Clark, 1934a: 16 (redescription); Clark, 1951: 84 (redescription); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 8; Taylor, 1987a: 42; Ogata, 1991a: 358; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1633 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 271.
    • Senior synonym of tasmaniensis: Roger, 1861a: 35; Roger, 1863b: 22; Mayr, 1863: 430; Mayr, 1876: 94; Dalla Torre, 1893: 19; Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1934a: 16; Clark, 1951: 84; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 8; Taylor, 1987a: 42; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1628; Bolton, 1995b: 271.
    • Senior synonym of walkeri: Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1934a: 16; Clark, 1951: 84; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 9; Taylor, 1987a: 42; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1628; Bolton, 1995b: 271.
    • Distribution: Australia.
  • tasmaniensis. Myrmecia tasmaniensis Smith, F. 1858b: 147 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Australia: Tasmania.
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Junior synonym of esuriens: Roger, 1861a: 35; Roger, 1863b: 22; Mayr, 1863: 430; Mayr, 1876: 94; Dalla Torre, 1893: 19; Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1934a: 16; Clark, 1951: 84; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 8; Taylor, 1987a: 42; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1628; Bolton, 1995b: 273.
  • walkeri. Myrmecia walkeri Forel, 1893d: 456 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Holo. w. ANIC
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Australia: Tasmania, Hobart (J.J. Walker).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Junior synonym of esuriens: Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1934a: 16; Clark, 1951: 84; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 9; Taylor, 1987a: 42; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1628; Bolton, 1995b: 273.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Myrmecia tasmaniensis

Holotype worker in The Natural History Museum. Labelled only “tasmaniensis Sm. type.”

Description

References

  • Clark, J. 1934a. Notes on Australian ants, with descriptions of new species and a new genus. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 8: 5-20 (page 16, queen, male described)
  • Clark, J. 1934a. Notes on Australian ants, with descriptions of new species and a new genus. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 8: 5-20 (page 16, Senior synonym of walkeri)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.]
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 20, Senior synonym of walkeri)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum secundum ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunswick: C. Reichard, xiv + 15-439 + 30 pp. (page 424, worker described)
  • Roger, J. 1861a. Die Ponera-artigen Ameisen (Schluss). Berl. Entomol. Z. 5: 1-54 (page 35, Senior synonym of tasmaniensis)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • CSIRO Collection
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Forel A. 1893. Nouvelles fourmis d'Australie et des Canaries. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 454-466.
  • Forel A. 1913. Fourmis de Tasmanie et d'Australie récoltées par MM. Lae, Froggatt etc. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 49: 173-195
  • Lowery B. B., and R. J. Taylor. 1994. Occurrence of ant species in a range of sclerophyll forest communities at Old Chum Dam, north-eastern Tasmania. Australian Entomologist 21: 11-14.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.
  • Taylor R. W., and D. R. Brown. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2: 1-149.