Camponotus vagus

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Camponotus vagus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. vagus
Binomial name
Camponotus vagus
(Scopoli, 1763)

Camponotus vagus casent0008640 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus vagus casent0008640 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This species is a common European species which can be found from southern Finland and Sweden to the north-western parts of North Africa, and from the Atlantic through the northern Mediterranean, Asia Minor, Caucasus, and northern Kazakhstan to the Altai Mountains (Czechowski et al. 2002). It inhabits mostly warm forests as well as dry pine forests, preferring open places and clearings. Nests are built mostly in dead trees and wood stumps. (Marko et al., 2009; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007)


Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus vagus worker with food item (in captivity). Photo by Andreas Weggel.

Identification

Collingwood (1979) - In this group of species the anterior border of the clypeus is entire, straight or feebly convex and does not extend beyond the mandibular insertions. The alitrunk in the worker caste is high and steep sided; in profile the dorsum is convex without a break, the dorsal face of the propodeum abruptly curving into the long almost vertical basal face. From above the pronotum is much wider than the rest of the alitrunk which narrows to half its width posteriorly. Mandibles are large: with five strong teeth which are often blunted and worn in the larger workers. The male has the mandibles slender with an apical tooth only.

Uniformly black with profuse body hairs. The sculpture is finely transverse and closely punctured, obscured by long thick pubescence. Length: 6-12 mm.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

A South European species abundant in the Mediterranean area, but recorded from Portugal to South Russia and the mountains of North Africa to Poland (Collingwood 1979).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Austria (type locality), Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

C. vagus nests in dry rotten wood among roots under stones in dry sun exposed banks. It is an active aggressive species biting freely on disturbance. As with other species of this group it is both carnivorous and aphidicolous. According to Pisarski (1961) alatae have been recorded in July in Poland where it occurs very locally in the Centre and South.

They are a host for the phorid fly Microselia southwoodi in southern France.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vagus. Formica vaga Scopoli, 1763: 312 (w.) AUSTRIA.
    • [Misspelled as vagans by Emery, 1891b: 20.]
    • Latreille, 1802c: 96 (w.q.m.). Hauschteck, 1961: 221 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 1;
    • combination in C. (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a: 266.
    • Subspecies of herculeanus: Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Emery, 1908a: 185; Bondroit, 1910: 488; Krausse, 1912b: 166; Stitz, 1914: 95; Escherich, 1917: 330 (in key); Karavaiev, 1926e: 192; Karavaiev, 1927a: 295; Teranishi, 1940: 72; Azuma, 1951: 88.
    • Status as species: Gmelin, 1790: 2804; Christ, 1791: 512; Olivier, 1792: 492; Emery, 1891b: 20; Forel, 1892i: 306; Dalla Torre, 1893: 255; Ruzsky, 1896: 68; Ruzsky, 1902d: 5; Forel, 1904b: 380; Ruzsky, 1905b: 241; Forel, 1907e: 15; Forel, 1914a: 266; Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Emery, 1916b: 225; Menozzi, 1918: 87; Bondroit, 1918: 71; Nadig, 1918: 340; Emery, 1920b: 255; Menozzi, 1921: 32; Kulmatycki, 1922: 85; Soudek, 1922: 94; Müller, 1923a: 73; Müller, 1923b: 158; Finzi, 1923: 4; Finzi, 1924a: 14; Emery, 1925b: 74; Schkaff, 1925: 275; Santschi, 1926f: 288; Karavaiev, 1927c: 275 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927a: 8; Lomnicki, 1928: 10; Santschi, 1929e: 158; Finzi, 1930d: 317; Santschi, 1931a: 11; Santschi, 1932c: 71; Santschi, 1932g: 4; Arnol'di, 1933b: 602 (in key); Grandi, 1935: 103; Zimmermann, 1935: 57; Karavaiev, 1936: 182 (redescription); Stitz, 1939: 246; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 110 (in key); Röszler, 1950: 210; Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1066; Yasumatsu & Brown, 1951: 31; Consani & Zangheri, 1952: 43; Ceballos, 1956: 315; Pisarski, 1961a: 161; Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 162; Cagniant, 1964: 90; Arnol’di, 1967: 1827; Bernard, 1967: 341 (redescription); Cagniant, 1968a: 146; Kutter, 1968a: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 81; Cagniant, 1970c: 37; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 179; Collingwood, 1971: 164; Pisarski, 1975: 30; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 551; Collingwood, 1978: 90 (in key); Collingwood, 1979: 90; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 283 (in key); Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 34; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 214; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Douwes, 1995: 92; Poldi, et al. 1995: 7; Cagniant, 1996b: 92; Radchenko, 1996b: 1202 (in key); Espadaler, 1997b: 27; Radchenko, 1997a: 558; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 24 (in key); Gallé, et al. 1998: 216; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 97; Karaman, M.G. & Karaman, 2003: 48; Csösz, & Markó, 2005: 228; Karaman, G.S. & Karaman, 2005: 59; Bračko, 2006: 146; Cagniant, 2006a: 194; Markó, Sipos, et al. 2006: 67; Bračko, 2007: 19; Seifert, 2007: 264; Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 143; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 131; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 46; Boer, 2010: 19; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Karaman, M.G. 2011b: 74; Legakis, 2011: 33; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 70; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 483; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 245; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 30; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 8; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 51 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 45 (see note in bibliography); Bračko, et al. 2014: 18; Lebas, et al. 2016: 130; Radchenko, 2016: 331; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 43; Seifert, 2018: 259.
    • Senior synonym of fuscoptera: Forel, 1892i: 306; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Emery, 1925b: 74; Karavaiev, 1936: 183; Kutter, 1977c: 205; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Radchenko, 2016: 331.
    • Senior synonym of kodorica: Radchenko, 1997a: 558; Radchenko, 2016: 331.
    • Synonym of pubescens Fabricius: Olivier, 1792: 492; Latreille, 1802c: 96; Fabricius, 1804: 399; Stephens, 1829: 356; Nylander, 1846a: 899; Mayr, 1855: 310; Smith, F. 1858b: 11; Roger, 1863b: 1; André, 1874: 201 (in list); Forel, 1874: 96 (in list) ; Forel, 1879a: 56.
    • [Note: all the authors above give pubescens as senior synonym, but vagus has priority.]
    • Senior synonym of pubescens: Emery, 1891b: 20; Forel, 1892i: 306; Dalla Torre, 1893: 255; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Ruzsky, 1905b: 241; Forel, 1907e: 15; Bondroit, 1910: 488; Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Emery, 1916b: 225; Soudek, 1922: 94; Emery, 1925b: 74; Lomnicki, 1928: 10; Karavaiev, 1936: 183; Pisarski, 1961a: 161; Bernard, 1967: 341; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 179; Pisarski, 1975: 30; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Radchenko, 1997a: 558; Gallé, et al. 1998: 216; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 97; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 245; Radchenko, 2016: 331.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus ifranensis.
  • fuscoptera. Formica fuscoptera Geoffroy, in Fourcroy, 1785: 452 (q.) FRANCE.
    • Status as species: Olivier, 1792: 491.
    • Junior synonym of pubescens: Latreille, 1802c: 96; Stephens, 1829: 356; Nylander, 1846a: 899; Mayr, 1855: 310; Smith, F. 1858b: 11; Roger, 1863b: 1; André, 1874: 201 (in list); Forel, 1874: 96 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 447; Forel, 1879a: 56.
    • Junior synonym of vagus: Forel, 1892i: 306; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Emery, 1925b: 74; Karavaiev, 1936: 183; Kutter, 1977c: 205; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Radchenko, 2016: 331.
  • kodorica. Camponotus vagus var. kodorica Forel, 1913a: 145 (w.) GEORGIA.
    • Subspecies of vagus: Emery, 1925b: 74; Bolton, 1995b: 107.
    • Junior synonym of vagus: Radchenko, 1997a: 558; Radchenko, 2016: 331.
  • pubescens. Formica pubescens Fabricius, 1775: 392 (w.) HUNGARY.
    • Latreille, 1802c: 97 (q.m.); Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 211 (q.m.); Schenck, 1852: (q.m.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861: 36 (in key).
    • Subspecies of herculeanus: Forel, 1879a: 59.
    • Status as species: Fabricius, 1782: 489; Fabricius, 1787: 308; Gmelin, 1790: 2798; Christ, 1791: 511; Fabricius, 1793: 352; Latreille, 1798: 34; Latreille, 1802c: 96; Walckenaer, 1802: 159; Fabricius, 1804: 399; Jurine, 1807: 272; Latreille, 1809: 126; Latreille, 1817d: 97; Lamarck, 1817: 95; Stephens, 1829: 356; Losana, 1834: 312; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 211; Brullé, 1840: 84; Nylander, 1846a: 899; Lucas, H. 1849: 302; Schenck, 1852: 124; Mayr, 1855: 310 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b: 56; Gredler, 1858: 3; Smith, F. 1858b: 11; Motschoulsky, 1860b: 500; Mayr, 1861: 36 (in key); Mayr, 1863: 400; Roger, 1863b: 1; Emery, 1869b: 2; Dours, 1873: 164; Forel, 1874: 40 (in key); André, 1874: 176 (in key); Emery, 1878b: 44; Emery & Forel, 1879: 447; André, 1882a: 142 (in key); Costa, 1883: 60; Forel, 1886e: clxvii; Cresson, 1887: 255; Nasonov, 1889: 12; Ruzsky, 1895: 8.
    • Synonym of vagus: Olivier, 1792: 492; Latreille, 1802c: 96; Fabricius, 1804: 399; Stephens, 1829: 356; Nylander, 1846a: 899; Mayr, 1855: 310; Smith, F. 1858b: 11; Roger, 1863b: 1; André, 1874: 201 (in list); Forel, 1874: 96 (in list); Forel, 1879a: 56.
    • [Note: these authors give pubescens as senior synonym, but vagus has priority.]
    • Junior synonym of vagus: Emery, 1891b: 20; Forel, 1892i: 306; Dalla Torre, 1893: 255; Emery, 1896d: 372 (in list); Ruzsky, 1905b: 241; Forel, 1907e: 15; Bondroit, 1910: 488; Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Emery, 1916b: 225; Soudek, 1922: 94; Emery, 1925b: 74; Lomnicki, 1928: 10; Karavaiev, 1936: 183; Pisarski, 1961a: 161; Bernard, 1967: 341; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 179; Pisarski, 1975: 30; Kutter, 1977c: 205; Bolton, 1995b: 118; Radchenko, 1997a: 558; Gallé, et al. 1998: 216; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 97; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Csösz, et al. 2011: 58; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 245; Radchenko, 2016: 331.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 28 (Switzerland) (Hauschteck, 1961).

References

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