Acromyrmex rugosus

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Acromyrmex rugosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Acromyrmex
Species: A. rugosus
Binomial name
Acromyrmex rugosus
(Smith, F., 1858)

Acromyrmex rugosus casent0173802 profile 1.jpg

Acromyrmex rugosus casent0173802 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rugosus. Oecodoma rugosa Smith, F. 1858b: 186 (q.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Forel, 1904c: 33 (w.); Emery, 1905c: 109 (m.).
    • Combination in Atta: Roger, 1863b: 35;
    • combination in Atta (Acromyrmex): Forel, 1893e: 590;
    • combination in Acromyrmex: Emery, 1924d: 348.
    • Junior synonym of coronatus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 152; Forel, 1895b: 139; Forel, 1899c: 36.
    • Subspecies of aspersus: Emery, 1905c: 49; Forel, 1908c: 352; Emery, 1924d: 348.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 35; Mayr, 1863: 438; Forel, 1904c: 33; Forel, 1908e: 69; Santschi, 1925a: 378; Santschi, 1925d: 243; Borgmeier, 1927c: 134; Borgmeier, 1937b: 249; Kusnezov, 1956: 35 (in key); Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Zolessi, et al. 1988: 5; Cherrett & Cherrett, 1989: 51; Bolton, 1995b: 57; Wild, 2007b: 30; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 114.
    • Senior synonym of bigener: Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 57.
    • Senior synonym of pallida Smith: Forel, 1893e: 590 (in text); Forel, 1908e: 69; Emery, 1924d: 348; Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 57.
    • Senior synonym of vestitus: Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 57.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus rochai.
  • bigener. Acromyrmex rugosus st. bigener Santschi, 1925d: 243 (w.q.m.) BRAZIL (Pará, Rio Grande do Sul).
    • Subspecies of rugosus: Borgmeier, 1927c: 134.
    • Junior synonym of rugosus: Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 54.
  • pallida. Oecodoma pallida Smith, F. 1858b: 187 (s.) BRAZIL (Pará).
    • Combination in Atta: Roger, 1863b: 35;
    • combination in Atta (Acromyrmex): Forel, 1893e: 590.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 35; Mayr, 1863: 438.
    • Junior synonym of coronatus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 152; Forel, 1899c: 36.
    • Junior synonym of rugosus: Forel, 1893e: 590 (in text); Forel, 1908e: 69; Emery, 1924d: 348; Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 56.
  • vestitus. Acromyrmex rugosus var. vestitus Santschi, 1925a: 380 (w.) BRAZIL (Minas Gerais).
    • Subspecies of rugosus: Borgmeier, 1927c: 134.
    • Junior synonym of rugosus: Gonçalves, 1961: 159; Kempf, 1972a: 14; Bolton, 1995b: 57.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 38, karyotype = 16M+12SM+8ST+2A (Brazil) (Barros et al., 2016).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 57, catalogue)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 152, junior synonym of coronatus)
  • Emery, C. 1905f. Revisione delle specie del genere Atta appartenenti ai sottogeneri Moellerius e Acromyrmex. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (6)2:39-54 (page 109, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1905f. Revisione delle specie del genere Atta appartenenti ai sottogeneri Moellerius e Acromyrmex. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (6)2:39-54 (page 49, revived from synonymy as variety of coronatus)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 348, Combination in Acromyrmex)
  • Forel, A. 1893h. Note sur les Attini. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 586-607 (page 590, Combination in Atta (Acromyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1893h. Note sur les Attini. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 37: 586-607 (page 590, senior synonym of pallida Smith)
  • Forel, A. 1895b. A fauna das formigas do Brazil. Bol. Mus. Para. Hist. Nat. Ethnogr. 1: 89-139 (page 139, junior synonym of coronatus)
  • Forel, A. 1904d. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 12: 1-52 (page 33, worker described)
  • Gonçalves, C. R. 1961. O genero Acromyrmex no Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 113-180 (page 159, senior synonym of bigener and vestitus)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 35, Combination in Atta)
  • Santschi, F. 1925a. Revision du genre Acromyrmex Mayr. Rev. Suisse Zool. 31: 355-398 (page 378, revived status as species)
  • Santschi, F. 1925d. Nouveaux Formicides brésiliens et autres. Bull. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 65: 221-247 (page 243, revived status as species)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 186, queen described)
  • Verza, S.S., Forti, L.C., Lopes, J.F.S., Hughes, W.O.H. 2007. Nest architecture of the leafcutting ant Acromyrmex rugosus rugosus. Insectes Sociaux 54: 303-309.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Cuezzo, F. 1998. Formicidae. Chapter 42 in Morrone J.J., and S. Coscaron (dirs) Biodiversidad de artropodos argentinos: una perspectiva biotaxonomica Ediciones Sur, La Plata. Pages 452-462.
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