A species associated with open, sunny and arid habitats with sandy soil. Nesting under stones or in soil. Very often located on dirty roads, seaside or in alpine zone. Monogynous colonies. Workers active during the day. (Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018)
|At a Glance||• Brachypterous Queen|
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Queen is brachypterous, i.e. short, non-functional wings are present at adult emergence. This implies that she mates close to her natal colony, and dispersal distance is limited (Peeters & Aron 2017)
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- cretica. Myrmecocystus cursor var. cretica Forel, 1910a: 23 (w.m.) GREECE.
- [First available use of Myrmecocystus cursor subsp. aenescens var. cretica Emery, 1906d: 48, fig. 4 (w.m.) GREECE (Crete); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name (Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 61).]
- Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 264.
- As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1925b: 264; Santschi, 1929b: 54.
- Subspecies of cursor: Agosti, 1990b: 1482; Bolton, 1995b: 135; Legakis, 2011: 34.
- Junior synonym of aenescens: Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 384 (in text).
- Status as species: Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018: 13.
Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018: Cataglyphis cretica, based on limited material, was synonymized with C. aenescens by Borowiec & Salata (2013). After re-examination of collected material, supplemented by further expeditions, and study on type specimens we discovered features that allow us to consider this taxon as a good species.
- Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
- Peeters C & Aron S (2017) Evolutionary reduction of female dispersal in Cataglyphis desert ants. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 122: 58–70.
- Salata, S., Borowiec, L. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum, Entomology 27(online 008):1-51 (DOI 10.5281/zenodo.2199191).