Cataglyphis cretica

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Cataglyphis cretica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. cretica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis cretica
(Forel, 1910)

A species associated with open, sunny and arid habitats with sandy soil. Nesting under stones or in soil. Very often located on dirty roads, seaside or in alpine zone. Monogynous colonies. Workers active during the day. (Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018)

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Queen is brachypterous, i.e. short, non-functional wings are present at adult emergence. This implies that she mates close to her natal colony, and dispersal distance is limited (Peeters & Aron 2017)

Lack of wing muscles inside the thorax of Cataglyphis cretica brachypterous queen. Compare this to a normal flying queen such as Cataglyphis viatica. Dissection by Christian Peeters, photograph by Adam Khalife.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cretica. Myrmecocystus cursor var. cretica Forel, 1910a: 23 (w.m.) GREECE.
    • [First available use of Myrmecocystus cursor subsp. aenescens var. cretica Emery, 1906d: 48, fig. 4 (w.m.) GREECE (Crete); unavailable (infrasubspecific) name (Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 61).]
    • Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1925b: 264.
    • As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1925b: 264; Santschi, 1929b: 54.
    • Subspecies of cursor: Agosti, 1990b: 1482; Bolton, 1995b: 135; Legakis, 2011: 34.
    • Junior synonym of aenescens: Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2013: 384 (in text).
    • Status as species: Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018: 13.

Taxonomic Notes

Salata & Borowiec, L., 2018: Cataglyphis cretica, based on limited material, was synonymized with C. aenescens by Borowiec & Salata (2013). After re-examination of collected material, supplemented by further expeditions, and study on type specimens we discovered features that allow us to consider this taxon as a good species.