Temnothorax recedens

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Temnothorax recedens
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species: T. recedens
Binomial name
Temnothorax recedens
(Nylander, 1856)

Temnothorax recedens casent0281560 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax recedens casent0281560 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


A widespread, mainly western Mediterranean species occurring in southern Europe, Turkey and NW Africa (Rigato & Toni, 2011). It shows very wide habitat preferences, being found in deciduous forests, bushes growing along water sources, phrygana and in mountains. Nests are most often in soil, sometimes under stones or in rocks crevices. Workers have been collected in litter or on rocks. Colonies are polygynous (Salata, Borowiec & Trichas, 2018).


A member of the Temnothorax recedens group.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Armenia, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (type locality), Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Israel, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkmenistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



This species is a host for the fungus Myrmicinosporidium durum (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • recedens. Myrmica recedens Nylander, 1856b: 94, pl. 3, fig. 41 (w.) FRANCE. Roger, 1859: 258 (q.); Forel, 1874: 83 (m.). Combination in Temnothorax: Mayr, 1861: 68; in Leptothorax (Temnothorax): Forel, 1890a: lxxii; in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271. Senior synonym of pictus: Collingwood, 1978: 69; of ergatogyna, mordax: Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988: 31; of barbarus: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997: 268. See also: Forel, 1915d: 27; Emery, 1916b: 186; Bernard, 1967: 186; Kutter, 1977c: 135; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 126.
  • mordax. Leptothorax (Temnothorax) mordax Santschi, 1919e: 242 (q.) SPAIN. Junior synonym of recedens: Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988: 31.
  • pictus. Leptothorax (Temnothorax) pictus Emery, 1924c: 166 (w.) SPAIN. Junior synonym of recedens: Collingwood, 1978: 69.
  • barbarus. Leptothorax (Temnothorax) recedens var. barbarus Santschi, 1939d: 76 (w.q.) TUNISIA. Junior synonym of recedens: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997: 268.
  • ergatogyna. Leptothorax (Temnothorax) ergatogyna Bernard, 1950a: 17, fig. 3 (w.q.) FRANCE. Combination in Temnothorax: Bernard, 1967: 186. Junior synonym of recedens: Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988: 31.



  • n = 12 (Italy) (Fischer, Karl, 1987) (as Leptothorax recedens).

haploid karyotype of Temnothorax recedens


  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 126, see also)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 186, see also)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 271, Combination revived in Temnothorax)
  • Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1997. Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (n.s.) 33: 259-284 (page 268, Senior synonym of barbarus)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 69, Senior synonym of pictus)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Soyunov, O. S. 1988. Ants of the genus Temnothorax Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the USSR. Izv. Akad. Nauk Turkm. SSR Ser. Biol. Nauk 1988(4 4: 29-37 (page 31, Senior synonym of ergatogyna, mordax and rogeri)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 186, see also)
  • Espadaler, X., Santamaria, S. 2012. Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region. Psyche Article ID 168478, 10 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/168478).
  • Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 26: 1-452 (page 83, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1890b. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 34:lxi-lxxvi. (page lxxii, Combination in Leptothorax (Temnothorax))
  • Forel, A. 1915d. Fauna insectorum helvetiae. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Die Ameisen der Schweiz. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 12(B Beilage: 1-77 (page 27, see also)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 135, see also)
  • Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. (page 68, Combination in Temnothorax)
  • Nylander, W. 1856b. Synopsis des Formicides de France et d'Algérie. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. (4) 5: 51-109 (page 94, pl. 3, fig. 41 worker described)
  • Rigato, F.; Toni, I. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
  • Roger, J. 1859. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Ameisenfauna der Mittelmeerländer. I. Berl. Entomol. Z. 3: 225-259 (page 258, queen described)
  • Salata, S., Borowiec, L., Trichas, A. 2018. Taxonomic revision of the Cretan fauna of the genus Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with notes on the endemism of ant fauna of Crete. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 68(4): 769-808 (DOI 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.004).