Formicoxenus provancheri

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Formicoxenus provancheri
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Formicoxenus
Species: F. provancheri
Binomial name
Formicoxenus provancheri
(Emery, 1895)



Specimen Label


This species nests under stones, and is a guest in the nests of Myrmica fracticornis and Myrmica incompleta. Apparently it cannot live without its host in the laboratory, although it can be found nesting alone in the field. Sexuals occur in the nests in July and August. (Mackay and Mackay 2002)

At a Glance • Xenobiotic  



This species has several erect hairs on the eyes, and the clypeus of the worker is weakly depressed in the middle and is without a medial carina, although several lateral carinae are present. The scapes have numerous suberect hairs. The propodeal spines are well developed, and thickened throughout. The anterior face of the petiole meets the dorsum in a sharp angle, the posterior face is also straight. The dorsum of the postpetiole is nearly completely free of sculpture. The mesosoma has heavy and dense sculpture, con-sisting of punctures interspersed among poorly defined striae. (Mackay and Mackay 2002)

Keys including this Species


Eastern US south and west to New Mexico.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada (type locality), United States.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Francoeur et al., 1985; Frumhoff & Ward, 1992) (functional monogyny)






The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • provancheri. Leptothorax (Leptothorax) provancheri Emery, 1895c: 320 (w.) CANADA. Francoeur, Loiselle & Buschinger, 1985: 377 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1973b: 73 (l.); Buschinger, Francoeur & Fischer, 1981: 8 (k.). Combination in L. (Mychothorax): Emery, 1924d: 262; in Formicoxenus: Francoeur, Loiselle & Buschinger, 1985: 377. Senior synonym of emersoni, hirtipilis: Creighton, 1950a: 279; of glacialis: Cole, 1954d: 241. See also: Wheeler, W.M. 1903c: 229. [Mackay, Lowrie, et al. 1988: 89 (in key) and Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1989a: 323, recombine provancheri in Leptothorax, apparently unaware of the revision by Francoeur et al., whose combination is reaffirmed by Bolton, 1995b: 207.]
  • emersoni. Leptothorax emersoni Wheeler, W.M. 1901a: 433, figs. 2, 3 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Combination in L. (Mychothorax): Emery, 1924d: 261. Junior synonym of provancheri: Creighton, 1950a: 279. See also: Wheeler, W.M. 1903c: 230.
  • glacialis. Leptothorax emersoni subsp. glacialis Wheeler, W.M. 1907b: 71 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Subspecies of provancheri: Creighton, 1950a: 280. Junior synonym of provancheri: Cole, 1954d: 241.
  • hirtipilis. Leptothorax emersoni subsp. hirtipilis Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 515 (w.) CANADA. Junior synonym of provancheri: Creighton, 1950a: 279.



  • n = 11, 2n = 22 (Canada) (Buschinger et al., 1980; Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax provancheri).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Francoeur A. 2010. Liste des especes de fourmis (Formicides, Hymenopteres). Entomofaune du Quebec. Document Faunique no. 1, Version 5, 0. 1-10 pp.
  • Glasier J. R. N., S. Nielsen, J. H. Acorn, L. H. Borysenko, and T. Radtke. 2016. A checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Saskatchewan. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 130(1): 40-48.
  • Gregg, R.T. 1963. The Ants of Colorado.
  • Kannowski P. B. 1956. The ants of Ramsey County, North Dakota. American Midland Naturalist 56(1): 168-185.
  • Lubertazi, D. Personal Communication. Specimen Data from Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard
  • Mackay W. P., and E. E. Mackay. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp.
  • Mackay, W., D. Lowrie, A. Fisher, E. Mackay, F. Barnes and D. Lowrie. 1988. The ants of Los Alamos County, New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). pages 79-131 in J.C. Trager, editor, Advances in Myrmecololgy.
  • Mackay, W.P. and E. Mackay. XXXX. The Ants of New Mexico
  • Merle W. W. 1939. An Annotated List of the Ants of Maine (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News. 50: 161-165
  • Wheeler G. C., J. N. Wheeler, and P. B. Kannowski. 1994. Checklist of the ants of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist 26(4): 297-310
  • Wheeler W. M. 1903. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Leptothorax Mayr. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 55: 215-260.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1904. A new type of social parasitism among ants. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 20: 347-375.
  • Wheeler, G.C. and J. Wheeler. 1988. A checklist of the ants of Montana. Psyche 95:101-114
  • Wheeler, G.C., J. Wheeler and P.B. Kannowski. 1994. CHECKLIST OF THE ANTS OF MICHIGAN (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE). Great Lakes Entomologist 26:1:297-310
  • Wing M. W. 1939. An annotated list of the ants of Maine (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News 50:161-165.