Formica glacialis

Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Formica glacialis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. glacialis
Binomial name
Formica glacialis
Wheeler, W.M., 1908

Formica glacialis casent0104762 profile 1.jpg

Formica glacialis casent0104762 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



Keys including this Species


This species can be found in the formerly glaciated regions between 40o and 50o North latitude, from Newfoundland west to Saskatchewan. In New England, it has been collected most commonly in northern New Hampshire and Maine.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada, United States (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • glacialis. Formica fusca var. glacialis Wheeler, W.M. 1908f: 624 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Combination in F. (Serviformica): Emery, 1925b: 247. Junior synonym of fusca: Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 494; Creighton, 1950a: 532. Revived from synonymy and raised to species: Francoeur, 1973: 152. Senior synonym of fairchildi: Francoeur, 1977a: 11. Junior synonym of subsericea: Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1986g: 92. Revived from synonymy: Bolton, 1995b: 196.
  • fairchildi. Formica fusca var. fairchildi Wheeler, W.M. 1927a: 40 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra) (locality in error). Junior synonym of glacialis: Francoeur, 1977a: 11.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Francoeur 1973. Figures 253-268.


  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 196, revived from synonymy: revived status)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 532, junior synonym of fusca)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 247, combination in F. (Serviformica))
  • Francoeur, A. 1973. Révision taxonomique des espèces néarctiques du groupe fusca, genre Formica (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Mém. Soc. Entomol. Qué. 3: 1-316 (page 152, revived from synonymy and raised to species)
  • Francoeur, A. 1977a. The taxonomic status and biogeographic significance of the Sumatran Formica (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 84: 11-12 (page 11, senior synonym of fairchildi)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986c. Supplementary studies of ant larvae: Ponerinae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 112: 85-94 (page 92, junior synonym of subsericea)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1908i. The ants of Casco Bay, Maine, with observations on two races of Formica sanguinea Latreille. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 619-645 (page 624, worker, queen, male described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1913i. A revision of the ants of the genus Formica (Linné) Mayr. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 53: 379-565 (page 494, junior synonym of fusca)