Dorylus fulvus

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Dorylus fulvus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. fulvus
Binomial name
Dorylus fulvus
(Westwood, 1839)

Dorylus fulvus casent0217465 p 1 high.jpg

Dorylus fulvus casent0217465 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Dorylus

Dorylus laevigatus





Dorylus conradti



Dorylus orientalis





Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex




Dorylus fulvus




Dorylus spininodis





Dorylus mayri





Dorylus nigricans rubellus




Dorylus nigricans molestus




Dorylus nigricans terrificus



Dorylus wilverthi







Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri




Dorylus nigricans sjostedti




Dorylus nigricans arcens



Dorylus nigricans










Dorylus emeryi




Dorylus gerstaeckeri



Dorylus gribodoi







Dorylus kohli



Dorylus emeryi opacus





Dorylus braunsi




Dorylus affinis



Dorylus helvolus












Based on Kronauer et al., 2007. Note only selected Dorylus species are included, and undescribed species are excluded.

Arnold (1915) observed these ants tending an unidentified Membracidae, one of just a few rare records of an army ant associating with honeydew producing insects.


Photo Gallery

  • Dorylus fulvus worker, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Central African Republic, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Oriental Region: India, Pakistan.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Balearic Islands, Oman, Turkey.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • fulvus. Typhlopone fulva Westwood, 1839: 218 (in text), fig. 86.17-20 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: 3 syntype workers.
    • [Note: number of specimens is given by Westwood, 1840b: 81.]
    • Type-locality: none given, “found dead in sugar” (C.C. Babington).
    • Type-depository: OXUM.
    • [Misspelled as fulvis by Prins, 1963: 97, in the combination D. fulvis badius.]
    • Emery, 1895j: 723 (m.).
    • Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 10;
    • combination in D. (Typhlopone): Emery, 1895j: 723.
    • Status as species: Westwood, 1840b: 87 (redescription); Smith, F. 1858b: 110; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 10; Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery 1897e: 595; Emery, 1899a: 499; Emery, 1901c: 196 (in key); Forel, 1904b: 369; Forel, 1904c: 5; Mayr, 1907a: 387; Mayr, 1907b: 8; Emery, 1910b: 13; Forel, 1910a: 6; Stitz, 1910: 128; Forel, 1910f: 4; Karavaiev, 1912a: 2; Forel, 1913d: 427; Santschi, 1914d: 333; Arnold, 1915: 125; Emery, 1915g: 6; Stitz, 1917: 335; Bondroit, 1918: 15; Donisthorpe, 1918b: 166; Emery, 1919c: 102; Crawley, 1920a: 163; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 742; Müller, 1923b: 30; Santschi, 1926e: 235; Kutter, 1928: 66; Crawley, in Santschi, 1928d: 55 (redescription); Santschi, 1931d: 407; Finzi, 1936: 156; Finzi, 1940: 155; Weber, 1952c: 6; Ceballos, 1956: 295; Cagniant, 1964: 86; Cagniant, 1968a: 142; Cagniant, 1970a: 413; Collingwood, 1985: 233; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 52; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 264; Kugler, J. 1988: 256; Bolton, 1995b: 178; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 307; Espadaler, 1997b: 27; Cagniant, 2006a: 195; Petrov, 2006: 82 (in key); Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 5; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 203; Borowiec, L. 2014: 71 (see note in bibliography); Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 22; Rasheed, et al. 2019: 428.
    • Senior synonym of clausii: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 744; Müller, 1923b: 30; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Senior synonym of dahlbomii: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Senior synonym of homalinus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 160; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743.
    • Senior synonym of kirbii: Smith, F. 1858b: 110; Mayr, 1863: 457; Roger, 1863b: 20; Dalla Torre, 1893: 10; Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Senior synonym of shuckardi: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Senior synonym of spinolae: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Senior synonym of thwaitsii: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
    • Distribution: Algeria, Cameroon, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Guinea, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Slovenia, Somalia, Spain (+ Balearics), Sudan, Syria, Tanzania (+ Zanzibar), Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus badius, crosi, dentifrons, eurous, glabratus, juvenculus, mordax, obscurior, punicus, ruficeps, saharensis.
  • clausii. Typhlopone clausii Joseph, 1882: 47 (w.) SLOVENIA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Slovenia: Krain (“Krainer Tropfsteingrotten”), caves of S. Kanzian (Mataún), Corgnale, and S. Servolo, iv.1875, and 1881 (G. Joseph).
    • Type-depository: NHMW.
    • Combination in Dorylus: André, 1882c: 252.
    • Status as species: André, 1882c: 252 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of juvenculus: Emery, 1891b: 1.
    • Subspecies of juvenculus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 12.
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 744; Müller, 1923b: 30; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
  • dahlbomii. Typhlopone dahlbomii Westwood, 1840b: 88, pl. 2, fig. 3 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: none given (“In saccharo detecta”).
    • [Note: Smith, F. 1858b: 111, has “Hab. West India Islands?” which is unlikely.].
    • Type-depository: unknown (“In Mus. D.C.C. Babington”; perhaps OXUM).
    • Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 10.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 111; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 10.
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 178.
  • homalinus. Cosmaecetes homalinus Spinola, 1851b: 55 (w.) Brazil (Pará).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality (in error): Brazil: Pará, 1846 (Ghiliani).
    • [Note: Spinola, 1853b: 71, says that he found three workers in M. Rambur’s collection that were exactly the same as the holotype, but from Algeria. Emery, 1893h: 1, confirms that homalinus is from North Africa.]
    • Type-depository: MRSN.
    • [Also described as new by Spinola, 1853: 71.]
    • [Misspelled as omalinus by Emery, 1893h: 1, Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 160.]
    • Combination in Typhlopone: Smith, F. 1858b: 111;
    • combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 11.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 111; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 11.
    • Junior synonym of juvenculus: Emery, 1893h: 1; Bolton, 1995b: 179 (error).
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 160; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743.
  • kirbii. Labidus (Typhlopone) kirbii Shuckard, 1840b: 265 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • [Note: Shuckard, 1840b: 265, says of the holotype, “I have only the head, which is attached to the thigh of a Formica.”]
    • Type-locality: none given.
    • Type-depository: BMNH? (Shuckard says, “in my own collection”.)
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Smith, F. 1858b: 110; Roger, 1861a: 45; Mayr, 1863: 457; Roger, 1863b: 20; Dalla Torre, 1893: 10; Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 179.
  • shuckardi. Typhlopone shuckardi Westwood, 1840b: 88, pl. 2, fig. 2 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: none given (“In saccharo detecta”).
    • [Note: Smith, F. 1858b: 111, has “Hab. West India Islands?” which is unlikely.].
    • Type-depository: unknown (“In Mus. nostr. Communic. D. Raddon”; perhaps OXUM).
    • Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 111; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 180.
  • spinolae. Labidus (Typhlopone) spinolae Shuckard, 1840c: 327 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: none given (G.H.K. Thwaites).
    • Type-depository: unknown (“in the collection of Mr Thwaites”.)
    • [Note: Smith, F. 1858b: 111, says that the single specimen was in “sugar casks from South America”. There is no such statement in the original description, but if the comment is correct then spinolae can not be a Dorylus species.]
    • Combination in Labidus: Westwood, 1842: 77;
    • combination in Typhlopone: Smith, F. 1858b: 111;
    • combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 111; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 180.
  • thwaitsii. Labidus (Typhlopone) thwaitsii Shuckard, 1840c: 326 (w.) (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype(?) worker.
    • [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.]
    • Type-locality: none given (G.H.K. Thwaites).
    • Type-depository: unknown (“in the collection of Mr Thwaites”.)
    • [Note: Smith, F. 1858b: 111, says that the specimen(s) were in, “sugar casks from South America”. There is no such statement in the original description, but if the comment is correct then thwaitsii can not be a Dorylus species.]
    • [Misspelled as twaitsi by Emery, 1910b: 13.]
    • Combination in Typhlopone: Smith, F. 1858b: 111;
    • combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1858b: 111; Roger, 1861a: 45; Roger, 1863b: 20; Mayr, 1863: 457; Dalla Torre, 1893: 13.
    • Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723; Emery, 1910b: 13; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 743; Bolton, 1995b: 180.

Description

References

  • Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum. 14: 1 – 159.
  • Barth, M.B., Moritz, R.F.A., Pirk, C.W.W., Kraus, F.B. 2013. Male-biased dispersal promotes large scale gene flow in a subterranean army ant, Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus. Population Ecology (DOI 10.1007/s10144-013-0383-4).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 10, Combination in Dorylus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 723, male described, Combination in D. (Typhlopone), Senior synonym of clausii, dahlbomii, shuckardi, spinolae and thwaitsii)
  • Kronauer, D. J. C.; Schöning, C.; Vilhelmsen, L. B.; Boomsma, J. J. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Dorylus army ants provides evidence for multiple evolutionary transitions in foraging niche. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: Article 56 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-56).
  • Mayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 385-460 (page 457, Senior synonym of kirbii)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 110, Senior synonym of kirbii)
  • Westwood, J. O. 1839a. An introduction to the modern classification of insects; founded on the natural habits and corresponding organisation of the different families. Volume 2. Part XI. London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans, pp. 193-224. (page 219, fig. 86 worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Barech G., M. Khaldi, S. Ziane, A. Zedam, S. Doumadji, M. Sharaf, and X. Espadaler. 2016. A first checklist and diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the saline dry lake Chott El Hodna in Algeria, a Ramsar Conservation Wetland. African Entomology 24(1): 143–152.
  • Begna D. 2007. Assesment of the effect of ant (Dorylus fulvus) on honeybee colony (A. mellifera) and their products in West & South-West Shewa zones, Ethiopia. Eth. J. Anim. Prod. 7(1): 12-26.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Cagniant, H. 1968. Liste preliminaire de fourmis forestieres d'Algerie. Resultats obtenus de 1963 a 1964. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 104: 138-147
  • Cagniant, H. 2006. Liste actualisée des fourmis du Maroc. Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8: 193-200.
  • Cagniant, H.. "Liste actualisee des fourmis du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 193-200.
  • Cagniant, H.. "Étude de quelques fourmis marocaines. Statistique provisoire des Formicidae du Maroc." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 53 (1964): 83-118.
  • Cagniant, H.. Les peuplements de fourmis des forêts algériennes: écologie, biocénotique, essai biologique. Universite de Toulouse, 1973.
  • Collingwood, C. A. and D. Agosti. 1996. Formicidae (Insects: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2) Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15: 300-385.
  • Crawley W. C. 1920. Ants from Mesopotamia and north-west Persia. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 32: 162-166.
  • Dalla Torre, K. W.. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae. Vol. 7. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 1893.
  • Delye, G., and J. L. Bonaric. "Fourmis du sud Marocain." Etude de certains milieux du Maroc et de leux evolution recente RCP 249 (1973).
  • Derwesh A. I. 1965. A preliminary list of identified insects and some arachnids of Iraq. Ministry of Agriculture. Government Pressm Baghdad Iraq. Bulletin n 112: 128 pages.
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  • Emery C. 1895. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8: 685-778.
  • Emery, C.. "Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie." Explor. Scient. De la Tunisie Zoll. Hym. (Folleto) Paris. Imp (1891): iii + 21 pp.
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  • Santschi, F.. "Quelques fourmis nord-africaines [FALTAN PÁGINAS]." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 17 (1926): 229-236.
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