Ctenobethylus goepperti

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Ctenobethylus goepperti
Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene
Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Ctenobethylus
Species: C. goepperti
Binomial name
Ctenobethylus goepperti
(Mayr, 1868)



This taxon was described from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and is also known from Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) (Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2009; Perkovsky, 2018), Danish-Scandinavian amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) (Perkovsky, 2016) and Rovno amber (Priabonian, Late Eocene) (Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2009).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • goepperti. †Hypoclinea goepperti Mayr, 1868c: 56, pl. 1, figs. 3-7; pl. 2, figs. 42-46 (w.q.m.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). Combination in Bothriomyrmex: Dalla Torre, 1893: 170; in Iridomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 90; in Liometopum: Shattuck, 1992a: 15; in †Ctenobethylus: Dlussky, 1997: 58. Senior synonym of †succinalis: Brown, 1977: 214. See also: Dlussky & Perkovsky, 2002: 5.
  • succinalis. †Ctenobethylus succinalis Brues, 1939: 262, fig. 7 (w.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene). Junior synonym of †goepperti: Brown, 1977: 214.



  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1977 [1976]. Ctenobethylus (Bethylidae) a new synonym of Iridomyrmex (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 83: 213-215 (page 214, Senior synonym of succinalis)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 170, Combination in Bothriomyrmex)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997b. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 31: 616-627 (page 623, Combination in Ctenobethylus)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Perkovsky, E.E. 2002. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Rovno amber. Vestnik Zoologii 36(5): 3-20, 99 (page 5, see also)
  • Dlussky, G. M., Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2009. Ants (Insecta: Vespida: Formicidae) in the Upper Eocene amber of Europe. Paleontological Journal, 43 (9), 1024–1042 (DOI 10.1134/S0031030109090056).
  • Dunlop JA, Kontschan J, Walter DE, Perrichot V. 2014. An ant-associated mesostigmatid mite in Baltic amber. Biol. Lett. 10: 20140531 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2014.0531).
  • Mayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beitr. Naturkd. Preuss. 1: 1-102 (page 56, pl. 1, figs. 3-7; pl.2, figs. 42-46 worker, queen , male described)
  • Perkovsky, E.E. 2016. Tropical and Holoarctic ants in late Eocene ambers. Vestnik zoologii, 50(2): 111–122 (DOI 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0014).
  • Perkovsky, E.E. 2018. Only half of Rovno amber hymenopteran fauna is common with Baltic amber. Vestnik Zoologii 52:353-360 (DOI 10.2478/vzoo-2018-0037).
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992a. Review of the dolichoderine ant genus Iridomyrmex Mayr with descriptions of three new genera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 31: 13-18 (page 15, Combination in Liometopum)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 90, Combination in Iridomyrmex)