Ctenobethylus

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Ctenobethylus
Temporal range: 47.8–23.8 Ma Lutetian, Eocene to Chattian, Oligocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Tapinomini
Genus: Ctenobethylus
Brues, 1939
Type species
Ctenobethylus succinalis (junior synonym of Ctenobethylus goepperti)
Diversity
1 fossil species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Identification

Distribution

This is known from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene), Belarus amber, near Kobryn, Belarus (Eocene), Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene), Danish-Scandinavian amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene), Rovno amber (Priabonian, Late Eocene).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • CTENOBETHYLUS [Dolichoderinae: Tapinomini]
    • Ctenobethylus Brues, 1939: 261 [as member of family Bethylidae]. Type-species: †Ctenobethylus succinalis (junior synonym of Hypoclinea goepperti), by original designation.
    • Ctenobethylus junior synonym of Iridomyrmex: Brown, 1977: 213.
    • Ctenobethylus junior synonym of Liometopum: Shattuck, 1992c: 121.
    • Ctenobethylus revived status as genus: Dlussky, 1997: 58.


References

  • Barden, P. 2017. Fossil ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): ancient diversity and the rise of modern lineages. Myrmecological News 24: 1-30.
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 26, Ctenobethylus as junior synonym of Liometopum)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 84, Ctenobethylus in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1977 [1976]. Ctenobethylus (Bethylidae) a new synonym of Iridomyrmex (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 83: 213-215 (page 213, Ctenobethylus in Formicidae; Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex)
  • Brues, C. T. 1939. New Oligocene Braconidae and Bethylidae from Baltic amber. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 32: 251-263 (page 261, Ctenobethylus in Bethylidae; Ctenobethylus as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997a. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 6: 50-62 (page 58, Ctenobethylus revived status as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997b. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 31: 616-627 (page 623, Ctenobethylus as genus)
  • Dubovikoff, D.A. 2005. The system of taxon Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 sensu lato (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and relatives genera. Kavkazskii Entomologicheskii Byulleten 1(1): 89-94 (page 91, Combination in Iridomyrmecini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Ctenobethylus in Formicidae; Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181 (page 121, Ctenobethylus as junior synonym of Liometopum)