Chronoxenus

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Chronoxenus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Bothriomyrmecini
Genus: Chronoxenus
Santschi, 1919
Type species
Bothriomyrmex myops, now Chronoxenus myops
Diversity
9 species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)

Chronoxenus myops casent0103286 p 1 high.jpg

Chronoxenus myops casent0103286 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Evolutionary Relationships
Dolichoderinae

Tapinomini
  (6 genera)




Bothriomyrmecini


Loweriella
  (1 species)



Ravavy
  (1 species)





Arnoldius
  (4 species)





Bothriomyrmex
  (28 species)



Chronoxenus
  (9 species)









Dolichoderini
  (1 genus)



Leptomyrmecini
  (16 genera)





Based on Ward et al. 2010.

Identification

AntWeb icon 02.png See images of species within this genus

 

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Biology

Life History Traits

  • Mean colony size: ? (Greer et al., 2021)
  • Compound colony type: not parasitic (Greer et al., 2021)
  • Nest site: hypogaeic (Greer et al., 2021)
  • Diet class: omnivore (Greer et al., 2021)
  • Foraging stratum: subterranean/leaf litter; arboreal (Greer et al., 2021)

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Eyes: 11-100 ommatidia • Pronotal Spines: absent • Mesonotal Spines: absent • Propodeal Spines: absent • Petiolar Spines: absent • Caste: none or weak • Sting: absent • Metaplural Gland: present • Cocoon: absent

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • CHRONOXENUS [Dolichoderinae: Bothriomyrmecini]
    • Chronoxenus Santschi, 1919i: 202 [as subgenus of Bothriomyrmex]. Type-species: Bothriomyrmex myops, by subsequent designation of Donisthorpe, 1944e: 102.
    • Chronoxenus junior synonym of Bothriomyrmex: Shattuck, 1992c: 54.
    • Chronoxenus revived from synonymy and raised to genus: Dubovikov, 2005a: 92.

Taxonomic history

  • Chronoxenus in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 690; all subsequent authors to the following.
  • Chronoxenus in Dolichoderini, Iridomyrmecini, Bothriomyrmecina: Dubovikov, 2005a: 92.
  • Chronoxenus in Dolichoderinae, Bothriomyrmecini: Ward, Brady, et al. 2010: 361.
  • Chronoxenus as subgenus of Bothriomyrmex: Santschi, 1919i: 202; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 690.
  • Chronoxenus as junior synonym of Bothriomyrmex: Brown, 1973b: 179 [provisional]; Shattuck, 1992c: 54; Bolton, 1994: 26; Shattuck, 1994: 31; Bolton, 1995b: 24; Bolton, 2003: 84.
  • Chronoxenus as genus: Dubovikov, 2005a: 92.

References