Checklist of Eciton species

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Eciton hamatum
Eciton Distribution.png
Eciton Species Richness.png
Species Richness
Valid Species 29
Invalid Species 23
Fossils 0
Countries Occupied 20
Year Described 1804
First Species Described 1782
Last Species Described 1955

The following species and subspecies belong to the genus Eciton. Synonyms are listed under their senior names. For valid names only see Eciton species and for distribution information see Eciton species by Country.


burchellii (Westwood, 1842) (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela)
burchellii cupiens Santschi, 1923 (Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname)
   • Eciton burchelli jeanae Weber, 1941

burchellii foreli Mayr, 1886 (Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama)
   • Eciton burchelli viator Santschi, 1925

burchellii parvispinum Forel, 1899 (Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama)
   • Eciton burchelli infumatum Wheeler, W.M., 1909

burchellii urichi Forel, 1899 (Trinidad and Tobago)


drepanophorum Smith, F., 1858 (Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname)
   • Eciton bellicosum Santschi, 1921
   • Eciton ferox Santschi, 1920
   • Eciton hamatum quitensis Forel, 1921

dulcium Forel, 1912 (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
   • Eciton dulcius jujuyensis Santschi, 1921
   • Eciton hirsutum Santschi, 1912

dulcium crassinode Borgmeier, 1955 (Costa Rica, Panama)


hamatum (Fabricius, 1782) (Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela)
   • Camptognatha testacea Gray, G.R., 1832
   • Eciton amazona Santschi, 1923
   • Eciton hamatum funesta Santschi, 1921
   • Eciton hamatum mattogrossensis Luederwaldt, 1920
   • Eciton pittieri Forel, 1899
   • Formica curvidentata Latreille, 1802


jansoni Forel, 1912 (Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Panama)
   • Eciton velutatus Menozzi, 1926


lucanoides Emery, 1894 (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Peru)
lucanoides conquistador Weber, 1949 (Panama)


mexicanum Roger, 1863 (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela)
   • Eciton rogeri Dalla Torre, 1892

mexicanum argentinum Borgmeier, 1955 (Argentina, Paraguay)
mexicanum goianum Borgmeier, 1955 (Brazil)
mexicanum latidens Santschi, 1911 (French Guiana)
mexicanum moralum Santschi, 1923 (French Guiana)
mexicanum panamense Borgmeier, 1955 (Panama)


quadriglume (Haliday, 1836) (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru)
   • Eciton lugubris Roger, 1863
   • Labidus fargeavii Shuckard, 1840


rapax Smith, F., 1855 (Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela)


setigaster Borgmeier, 1953 (Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela)


uncinatum Borgmeier, 1953 (Ecuador)


vagans (Olivier, 1792) (Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago)
   • Eciton integrum Santschi, 1921
   • Eciton simillima Smith, F., 1855

vagans allognathum Borgmeier, 1955 (Venezuela)
vagans angustatum Roger, 1863 (Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama)
   • Eciton brunnea Norton, 1868

vagans dispar Borgmeier, 1955 (Brazil)
vagans dubitatum Emery, 1896 (Paraguay)
   • Eciton angustatum reichenspergeri Santschi, 1925
   • Eciton vagans francanum Santschi, 1923

vagans fur Borgmeier, 1955 (Brazil)
vagans mutatum Borgmeier, 1955 (Costa Rica)