Eciton dulcium

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Eciton dulcium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. dulcium
Binomial name
Eciton dulcium
Forel, 1912

Eciton dulcium casent0217478 p 1 high.jpg

Eciton dulcium casent0217478 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Eciton


Eciton dulcium





Eciton vagans




Eciton quadriglume



Eciton rapax








Eciton mexicanum




Eciton lucanoides




Eciton burchellii




Eciton drepanophorum



Eciton hamatum







Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

  • This species is a host for the diapriid wasp Notoxoides pronotalis (a parasite) in Argentina (Loiacono, 2013; Gonzalez et al., 2016).
  • This species is a host for the strepsipteran Myrmecolax borgmeieri (a parasite) (Cook, 2019).

Castes

Worker

Soldier

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • dulcium. Eciton quadriglume r. dulcius Forel, 1912c: 42 (w.) BRAZIL. Borgmeier, 1939: 406 (m.); Borgmeier, 1955: 203 (s.q.). Combination in E. (Holopone): Santschi, 1925b: 11. Raised to species: Santschi, 1921g: 90; Borgmeier, 1939: 406. Senior synonym of hirsutum (and its junior synonym jujuyensis): Borgmeier, 1948b: 459. Current subspecies: nominal plus crassinode. See also: Borgmeier, 1953: 9; Borgmeier, 1955: 203.
  • hirsutum. Eciton hirsutum Santschi, 1912e: 523, fig. 2 (m.) ARGENTINA. Subspecies of dulcium and senior synonym of jujuyensis: Santschi, 1936d: 402. Junior synonym of dulcium: Borgmeier, 1948b: 459.
  • jujuyensis. Eciton dulcius var. jujuyensis Santschi, 1921g: 91 (w.) ARGENTINA. [First available use of Eciton (Eciton) quadriglume r. dulcius var. jujuyensis Forel, 1913l: 208; unavailable name.] Bruch, 1923: 177 (q.); Bruch, 1934c: 264 (m.). Junior synonym of hirsutum: Santschi, 1936d: 402.

Description

References