Eciton drepanophorum

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Eciton drepanophorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. drepanophorum
Binomial name
Eciton drepanophorum
Smith, F., 1858

Eciton drepanophorum casent0902634 p 1 high.jpg

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Specimen Labels

Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Eciton


Eciton dulcium





Eciton vagans




Eciton quadriglume



Eciton rapax








Eciton mexicanum




Eciton lucanoides




Eciton burchellii




Eciton drepanophorum



Eciton hamatum







Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Identification

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 5.061° to -14.5°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker
Soldier
Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • drepanophorum. Eciton drepanophorum Smith, F. 1858b: 149 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Ega (= Tefé, Amazonas) (Bates).
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Junior synonym of hamatum: Mayr, 1886b: 117; Dalla Torre, 1893: 3; Forel, 1899c: 23; Emery, 1910b: 21; Borgmeier, 1923: 38.
    • Subspecies of hamatum: Santschi, 1921g: 89.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1863: 409; Roger, 1863b: 36; Mayr, 1865: 77 (in key); Borgmeier, 1936: 52; Borgmeier, 1953: 9, 13; Borgmeier, 1955: 223 (redescription); Kempf, 1972a: 102; Watkins, 1976: 10 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 184; Palacio, 1999: 152 (in key); Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 109; Palacio, 2019: 600.
    • Senior synonym of bellicosum: Borgmeier, 1936: 52; Borgmeier, 1953: 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 184.
    • Senior synonym of ferox: Borgmeier, 1953: 13, 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 184.
    • Senior synonym of quitensis: Borgmeier, 1953: 9; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 184.
    • Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname.
  • bellicosum. Eciton bellicosum Santschi, 1921g: 90 (s.w.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: French Guiana: Saint-Jean du Maroni, 1914 (R. Benoist).
    • Type-depositories: MNHN, NHMB.
    • Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1936: 52; Borgmeier, 1953: 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 184.
  • ferox. Eciton ferox Santschi, 1920e: 122 (s.w.) BOLIVIA.
    • Type-material: 3 syntype workers.
    • Type-locality: Bolivia: Rio Ivari (C. Lizer & L. Delétang).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • [Also described as new by Santschi, 1921g: 89.]
    • Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1953: 13, 16; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 184.
  • quitensis. Eciton hamatum var. quitensis Forel, 1921b: 135 (s.w.) ECUADOR.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Ecuador: nr Quito (E. Naumann).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1953: 9; Borgmeier, 1955: 223; Kempf, 1972a: 102; Bolton, 1995b: 185.

Description

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Borgmeier T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Studia Entomologica 2: 1-51.
  • Borgmeier T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Studia Entomologica 3: 1-720.
  • Fernández F., and E. E. Palacio. 1995. Hormigas de Colombia IV: nuevos registros de géneros y especies. Caldasia 17: 587-596.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1921. Quelques fourmis des environs de Quito (Ecuador) récoltées par Mlle Eléonore Naumann. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 54: 131-135.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1953. La fauna mirmecológica de Bolivia. Folia Universitaria. Cochabamba 6: 211-229.
  • Santschi F. 1920. Quelques nouvelles fourmis de Bolivie (expédition Lizer-Delétang, 1917). Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 89: 122-126.
  • Santschi F. 1921. Ponerinae, Dorylinae et quelques autres formicides néotropiques. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 54: 81-103.
  • Watkins J. F., II 1976. The identification and distribution of New World army ants (Dorylinae: Formicidae). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 102 pp