Cataglyphis hispanica

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Cataglyphis hispanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. hispanica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis hispanica
(Emery, 1906)

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Gonçalves et al (2017) found Cataglyphis hispanica to be one of the most common ants in the Iberian vineyards they sampled (pitfall trapping).

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  • Parthenogenetic  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Queens are brachypterous (i.e. short-winged), implying a significant reduction in female dispersal (Peeters & Aron 2017).

Thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing modified thoracic sclerites. Photo by Adam Khalife
Side view of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica. Photo by Adam Khalife
Dissection of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing absence of wing muscles and phragma. Photo by Adam Khalife


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hispanica. Myrmecocystus viaticus subsp. hispanica Emery, 1906d: 57 (w.) SPAIN. Tinaut, 1991: 218 (q.m.). [First available use of Myrmecocystus viaticus r. niger var. hispanica Forel, 1903c: 267; unavailable name.] Combination in Cataglyphis: Santschi, 1919e: 246; in C. (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 29. Senior synonym of nigroides: Tinaut, 1991: 220.
  • nigroides. Cataglyphis (Monocombus) hispanica var. nigroides Santschi, 1929b: 59 (diagnosis in key) (w.) PORTUGAL. [First available use of Cataglyphis viaticus st. hispanicus var. nigroides Santschi, 1925g: 346; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of hispanica: Tinaut: 1991: 220.



  • Goncalves, F., V. Zina, C. Carlos, L. Crespo, I. Oliveira, and L. Torres. 2017. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Spiders (Araneae) Co-occurring in the Ground of Vineyards from Douro Demarcated Region. Sociobiology. 64:404-416. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v64i4.1934
  • Leniaud, L., Darras, H., Boulay, R., Aron, S. 2012. Social hybridogenesis in the clonal ant Cataglyphis hispanica. Curr Biol 22: 1188–1193.
  • Peeters C & Aron S. 2017. Evolutionary reduction of female dispersal in Cataglyphis desert ants. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 122: 58–70. doi: 10.1093/biolinnean/blx052