Camponotus sylvaticus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Camponotus sylvaticus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. sylvaticus
Binomial name
Camponotus sylvaticus
(Olivier, 1792)

Camponotus sylvaticus casent0906060 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus sylvaticus casent0906060 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant has been observed tending larvae of Lampides boeticus (Obregon et al. 2015).


Keys including this Species


Marko et al. (2009) - This species is distributed mainly in southern Europe. According to Radchenko (2007) it can be found in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Bulgaria and Greece. There are two very old records of this species from Romania: CS: Mehadia (Mocsáry 1897) (southern Romania); SM: Pir (Mocsáry 1897) (north-west Romania). The collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum, which holds at least part of Mocsáry’s voucher specimens, contains one lightly coloured C. fallax gyne and two C. fallax males labelled as “Peér, 30.04.82”, which were identified by L. Biró as “Camponotus sylvaticus Oliv.”. Peér is the current Pir in Romania, while the date refers to 1882. These are most probably the specimens that Mocsáry refers to in his work, although this cannot be taken for certain. Other voucher material could not be found. C. sylvaticus reproductives could be easily misidentified based on their morphological characters and the lack of appropriate keys. In addition, considering the fact that the species does not occur in the surrounding countries, with the exception of Bulgaria (Radchenko 2007, V. Antonova pers. comm.), C. sylvaticus can be considered to be a species of uncertain Romanian occurrence, although its presence cannot be ruled out.

Borowiec (2014) - Recent materials showed that this species is distributed only in western part of the Mediterranean subregion and records from Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, Turkey and Oriental Region based probably on misidentifications.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 43.283889° to 12.8°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: France (type locality), Georgia, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain (type locality), Türkiye, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



This species is a host for the fungus Laboulbenia camponoti (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).


Images from AntWeb

Camponotus catalanus casent0905294 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus catalanus casent0905294 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus catalanus casent0905294 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus catalanus casent0905294 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus catalanusWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code casent0905294. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sylvaticus. Formica sylvatica Olivier, 1792: 491 (q.) FRANCE.
    • [Misspelled as silvaticus by Dalla Torre, 1893: 252, Emery, 1896d: 371, Ruzsky, 1905b: 205, and others.]
    • Forel, 1874: 38 (s.w.m.); Emery, 1916b: 229 (s.w., in key).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1862c: 291;
    • combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Menozzi, 1922b: 330;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 100.
    • Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143; Emery, 1887a: 212 (footnote); Forel, 1890a: lxvi; Saunders, E. 1890: 202.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1890c: 218; Forel, 1891b: 23; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 241 (footnote); Forel, 1894d: 41; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list); Ruzsky, 1902d: 7; Ruzsky, 1905b: 205; Emery, 1905d: 32; Emery, 1908a: 199; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 348; Emery, 1916b: 224; Soudek, 1922: 93; Hamann & Klemm, 1976: 676 (anachronism).
    • Status as species: Latreille, 1798: 34; Latreille, 1802c: 105; Jurine, 1807: 272; Schilling, 1839: 53; Mayr, 1855: 319; Smith, F. 1858b: 12; Roger, 1862c: 291; Mayr, 1863: 401; Roger, 1863b: 1; Mayr, 1865: 27; Emery, 1870: 193; Dours, 1873: 164; Smith, F. 1873: viii; Forel, 1874: 38 (in key); André, 1874: 177 (in key); Mayr, 1877: 1; Emery, 1877b: 364; Emery, 1878a: viii (in list); Emery, 1878b: 44; Emery & Forel, 1879: 448; Forel, 1879a: 61; Mayr, 1880: 21; Emery, 1880: 389; Emery, 1881b: 525; André, 1881b: 54; André, 1882a: 144 (in key); Emery, 1884a: 375; Forel, 1885b: 176; Forel, 1886e: clxvii; Mayr, 1886d: 422; Cresson, 1887: 255; Emery, 1887a: 212; Nasonov, 1889: 11; Rothney, 1889: 351; Cameron, 1891: 89; Dalla Torre, 1893: 252; Medina, 1893: 104; Bondroit, 1918: 75; Emery, 1920c: 6, 11 (in key); Menozzi, 1922b: 330; Emery, 1925b: 100; Donisthorpe, 1926b: 17; Donisthorpe, 1927b: 403; Santschi, 1931a: 11; Santschi, 1936c: 207; Menozzi, 1939a: 315; Finzi, 1940: 163; Novák & Sadil, 1941: 110 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1950e: 1067; Schmitz, 1950: 13; Ceballos, 1956: 313; Bernard, 1959: 350; Cagniant, 1964: 91; Bernard, 1967: 337 (redescription); Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 83; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 186; Collingwood, 1978: 91 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 284 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 126; Poldi, et al. 1995: 7; Espadaler, 1997b: 27; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 25 (in key); Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 121; Petrov, 2006: 110 (in key); Werner & Wiezik, 2007: 156; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 132; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 480; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 46; Legakis, 2011: 33; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 482; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 8; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 53 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 43; Lebas, et al. 2016: 158.
    • Senior synonym of castanipes: Roger, 1863b: 1; Mayr, 1863: 401; Mayr, 1865: 27; Forel, 1874: 96 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 448; Dalla Torre, 1893: 252; Bolton, 1995b: 126.
    • Senior synonym of catalana: Espadaler, 1997g: 33.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus basalis, paradichrous.
  • castanipes. Formica castanipes Leach, 1825: 290 (w.q.m.) FRANCE.
    • [Misspelled as castaneipes by Forel, 1874: 96 (in list), Dalla Torre, 1893: 252, and others.]
    • Junior synonym of marginata: Roger, 1859: 227.
    • Junior synonym of sylvaticus: Roger, 1863b: 1; Mayr, 1863: 401; Mayr, 1865: 27; Forel, 1874: 96 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879: 448; Dalla Torre, 1893: 252; Bolton, 1995b: 91.
  • catalana. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) sylvaticus var. catalana Emery, 1924c: 170 (w.) SPAIN.
    • Subspecies of sylvaticus: Santschi, 1925g: 356; Santschi, 1931a: 11; Santschi, 1932e: 71; Ceballos, 1956: 314.
    • Status as species: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 83; Collingwood, 1978: 91 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 91; Borowiec, 2014: 28 (error).
    • Junior synonym of sylvaticus: Espadaler, 1997g: 33.



  • n = 20, 2n = 40 (Greece; Spain) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).


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