Camponotus gestroi

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Camponotus gestroi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. gestroi
Binomial name
Camponotus gestroi
Emery, 1878

Camponotus gestroi casent0179873 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus gestroi casent0179873 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This species populates dry open areas, and builds its nests in soil, often under rocks (Radchenko 1997).


Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - Radchenko (1997c) included this species in the C. gestroi species complex of the Camponotus lateralis species group. Other species in the complex are Camponotus rebeccae, Camponotus kurdistanicus, and Camponotus vogti. Camponotus gestroi differs from these species by having erect setae scattered all over the propodeal dorsum, as opposed to a single transversal row of erect setae restricted to the junction of the propodeal dorsum with declivity, and by a completely black body, whereas the pronotum at least is red in C. kurdistanicus, and the head and mesosoma are always paler than the gaster in C. rebeccae and C. vogti.

Major workers from Israel differ from western Mediterranean specimens by having the dorsum of the mesonotum more convex and distinctly posterior to the level of the propodeum, and by a distinct metanotal groove.

Keys including this Species


Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - Western Mediterranean and southern Europe to southern Transcaucasus (Radchenko, 1997c), Near East and Iran (Paknia et al., 2008).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Armenia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy (type locality), Lebanon, Spain, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • gestroi. Camponotus gestroi Emery, 1878b: 44, fig. (s.w.) ITALY (Sardinia).
    • Forel, 1894d: 4 (q.m.); Emery, 1916b: 160 (q.).
    • Combination in C. (Orthonotomyrmex): Forel, 1913d: 435.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmentoma): Emery, 1920b: 257.
    • Subspecies of marginata: Emery & Forel, 1879: 448.
    • Status as species: André, 1882a: 148 (in key); Forel, 1886e: clxvii; Forel, 1886f: 181; Dalla Torre, 1893: 232; Forel, 1894d: 4; Emery, 1896d: 373 (in list); Emery, 1898a: 226; Krausse, 1912b: 166; Emery, 1914d: 159; Emery, 1916b: 226; Bondroit, 1918: 76; Müller, 1923b: 154 (in key); Emery, 1924c: 170; Emery, 1925b: 119; Donisthorpe, 1927a: 9; Bernard, 1945: 137; Ceballos, 1956: 312; Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 58; Cagniant, 1964: 92; Bernard, 1967: 343 (redescription); Cagniant, 1968a: 146; Cagniant, 1970c: 37; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 191; Collingwood, 1978: 91 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 283 (in key); Arakelian, 1994: 85; Bolton, 1995b: 101; Cagniant, 1996b: 92; Radchenko, 1996b: 1199 (in key); Radchenko, 1997b: 706; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowsky, 2009: 479; Lapeva-Gjonova, et al. 2010: 43; Ionescu-Hirsch, 2010: 73; Legakis, 2011: 30; Karaman, C. et al. 2011: 188; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 475; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 50 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 32 (see note in bibliography); Bračko, et al. 2014: 18.
    • Senior synonym of creticus: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus ponariensis.
  • creticus. Camponotus gestroi st. creticus Forel, 1886e: clix, fig. 1 (w.) GREECE.
    • Combination in C. (Orthonotomyrmex): Forel, 1913d: 435.
    • Combination in C. (Myrmentoma): Emery, 1925b: 119.
    • Subspecies of gestroi: Forel, 1889: 261; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 232 (footnote); Emery, 1894j: 10; Emery, 1896d: 373 (in list); Forel, 1910a: 23; Forel, 1911d: 356; Forel, 1913d: 435; Emery, 1914d: 159; Emery, 1915h: 2; Santschi, 1921a: 116; Müller, 1923b: 161; Emery, 1925b: 119; Karavaiev, 1926f: 69; Finzi, 1928c: 791; Finzi, 1930d: 318; Menozzi, 1933b: 82 (in key); Menozzi, 1936d: 303; Finzi, 1939c: 160; Pisarski, 1971b: 730; Hamann & Klemm, 1976: 677; Aktaç, 1977: 126; Legakis, 2011: 29.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 227; Kugler, J. 1988: 259; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c: 43.
    • Junior synonym of gestroi: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 58; Arakelian, 1994: 85; Bolton, 1995b: 94; Radchenko, 1997b: 706; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 6; Seifert, 2019: 16.

Taxonomic Notes

Seifert (2019): Camponotus gestroi: This taxon has been described from Sardinia. The type specimen depicted in under CASENT0905794 shows a very weak or absent metanotal depression, a convex overall dorsal profile line of mesosoma, and the angle between the dorsal plane and declivity of propodeum is about 120°.

Seifert (2019): Camponotus gestroi creticus: This taxon has been described from Crete. The type specimen depicted in under CASENT0910430 shows a very weak or absent metanotal depression, a convex overall dorsal profile line of mesosoma, and the angle between the dorsal plane and declivity of propodeum is about 120°. A synonymy with C. gestroi appears reasonable at the first impression.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - TL = 4.6–8.3, HL = 1.09–2.01, HW = 0.91–1.91, EL = 0.31–0.39, SL = 1.11–1.52, ML = 1.58–2.58, PW = 0.74–1.41, mTbL = 0.90–1.37, hTbL = 1.19–1.88 (n = 15).