Camponotus kurdistanicus

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Camponotus kurdistanicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmentoma
Species group: lateralis
Species complex: gestroi
Species: C. kurdistanicus
Binomial name
Camponotus kurdistanicus
Emery, 1898

Camponotus kurdistanicus antweb1008056 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus kurdistanicus antweb1008056 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - C. kurdistanicus belongs to the Camponotus gestroi complex of the Camponotus lateralis species group (Radchenko, 1997c). It is morphologically similar to Camponotus vogti and to Camponotus abrahami, from which it differs only in color: C. kurdistanicus and C. vogti have the mesosoma lighter than the coxae and femora, while C. abrahami has the mesosoma darker than the legs; C. kurdistanicus and C. abrahami have a black head and gaster, while C. vogti’s head is paler (red to brown) than the gaster. C. kurdistanicus, C. vogti, and C. abrahami differ from Camponotus dalmaticus, Camponotus lateralis, and Camponotus rebeccae by having the clypeus with anterior margin truncated, medially entire, as opposed to rounded anteriorly and incised medially, by a lack of metanotal groove, as opposed to a metanotal groove generally present, and by a distinctly narrower head when comparing specimens with equal pronotum width: for specimens with PW > 1 mm, HW/PW ranges 1.15–1.36 (n = 10), as opposed to 1.36–1.58 (n = 24). C. kurdistanicus, C. vogti and C. abrahami further differ from C. rebeccae by a distinctly broader petiolar scale: the ratio of maximum petiolar width to pronotum width equals 0.54–0.60 (n = 14), as opposed to 0.41–0.53 (n = 47).

Israeli specimens of C. vogti and C. kurdistanicus may be color varieties of a single species.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 36.3854° to 35.648333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Azerbaijan, China, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Russian Federation (type locality), Türkiye.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Thelaxes suberis (a trophobiont) (Stary, 1969; Saddiqui et al., 2019).
  • This species is a mutualist for the aphid Aphis craccivora (a trophobiont) (Stary, 1969; Saddiqui et al., 2019).


Images from AntWeb

Camponotus kurdistanicus antweb1008056 h 2 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code antweb1008056. Photographer Hans Peter Katzmann, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by ULM, Universität Ulm, Ulm, Germany.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kurdistanicus. Camponotus gestroi subsp. kurdistanicus Emery, 1898c: 151 (w.q.) TURKEY.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated), 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: Turkey: Kurdistan, Mardin (no collector’s name) (from Staudinger & Bang-Haas).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • [C. gestroi subsp. kurdistanicus Emery, 1898a: 226. Nomen nudum.]
    • [Misspelled as kurdistanus by Emery, 1925b: 120.]
    • Combination in C. (Myrmentoma): Emery, 1920b: 257.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1920b: 257; Emery, 1920c: 25; Emery, 1925a: 70; Emery, 1925b: 120; Pisarski, 1971b: 730; Bolton, 1995b: 107; Radchenko, 1996b: 1197 (in key); Radchenko, 1997b: 706; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2000: 12; Vonshak, et al. 2009: 39; Ionescu-Hirsch, 2010: 80; Paknia, et al. 2010: 31; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 68; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 29; Kiran & Karaman, 2012: 7; Karaman, C. & Aktaç, 2013: 51 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 35.
    • Distribution: Azerbaijan, China, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Turkey.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Aras A., and N. Aktac. 1987. Faunistic study on meadow and pasture ants of Edirne provinces. Turkiye I. Entomoloji kongresi, 13-16 Ekim 1987, Izmir, 695-703.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C., and H. Heatwole. 2000. Ants from Northwestern China (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Psyche 103 (1-2): 1-24.
  • Emery C. 1920. Studi sui Camponotus. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 52: 3-48.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Ionescu-Hirsch A. 2009. An annotated list of Camponotus of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a key and descriptions of new species. ISRAEL JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY 39: 57–98.
  • Kiran K., and C. Karaman. 2012. First annotated checklist of the ant fauna of Turkey (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3548: 1-38.
  • Pisarski B. 1971. Les fourmis du genre Camponotus Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) d'Iraq. Bulletin de l'Académie Polonaise des Sciences. Série des Sciences Biologiques. 19: 727-731.
  • Ran H., and S. Y. Zhou. 2011. Checklist of Chinese Ants: the Formicomorph Subfamilies (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (I). Journal of Guangxi Normal University: Natural Science Edition. 29(3): 65-73.
  • Vonshak M., and A. Ionescu-Hirsch. 2009. A checklist of the ants of Israel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Israel Journal of Entomology 39: 33-55.