Temnothorax corticalis

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Temnothorax corticalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: corticalis
Species: T. corticalis
Binomial name
Temnothorax corticalis
(Schenck, 1852)

Temnothorax corticalis P casent0906175.jpg

Temnothorax corticalis D casent0906175.jpg

Specimen Label

In Greece this arboreal species is associated with deciduous forests (Salata & Borowiec, 2019).

Identification

Pale reddish brown with the head and gaster usually darker. antennae unicolorous brown; alitrunk and head finely longitudinally striate but general appearance shining. Propodeal spines reduced to very short denticles; petiole node triangular in profile with dorsal area reduced or absent. Length: 2.5-3.2 mm (Collingwood 1979).

Distribution

Central Europe, rare, recorded only from Sweden, Spain, France, North Italy, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany and Belgium (Collingwood 1979).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Georgia, Germany (type locality), Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Collingwood (1979) - This is a little known rare Central European species. It is a bark inhabitant and Forsslund (1957a) found it nesting in old oak trees inhabited by Lasius brunneus (Latr.). Only worker samples were seen. Douwes (1976a) records workers taken on Öland on oak and in a fallen branch. The species appears to be closely related to Temnothorax nylanderi which has similar habits.

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • corticalis. Myrmica corticalis Schenck, 1852: 100 (w.q.) GERMANY. [Also described as new in Schenck, 1853: 187.] Stitz, 1914: 63 (m.). Combination in Leptothorax: Mayr, 1855: 440; in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271. Subspecies of tuberum: Forel, 1874: 85; André, 1883a: 16; Ruzsky, 1902d: 21; Bondroit, 1910: 497; Stitz, 1914: 63. Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 123; Bondroit, 1912: 351; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 160; Bondroit, 1918: 124; Emery, 1924d: 253; Karavaiev, 1934: 136; Stitz, 1939: 174; Novak & Sadil, 1941: 91; Kutter, 1977c: 131; Collingwood, 1979: 74; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 137.

Type Material

Types studied by Salata et al. (2018): Temnothorax corticalis: Syntype (w.) (FOCOL2016): [Nassau || corticalis | Schenck || Leptothorax | corticalis | Schenck || GBIFD/FoCol | 2016 | specimen + label | data documented || 29890 || Type] (ZMHB).


Description

Karyotype

  • n = 12 (Germany) (Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax corticalis).
  • n = 9 (Crozier, 1975) (as Leptothorax corticalis).

References

  • André, E. 1883a. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 281-344 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 16?, Variety/subspecies of tuberum)
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  • Stitz, H. 1914. Die Ameisen (Formicidae) Mitteleuropas, insbesondere Deutschlands. Pp. 1-111 in: Schröder, C. (ed.) Die Insekten Mitteleuropas insbesondere Deutschlands. Band II, Hymenopteren, 2. Teil. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 256 pp. (page 63, Variety/subspecies of tuberum)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 174, Status as species)

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