Platythyrea sinuata

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Platythyrea sinuata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Platythyreini
Genus: Platythyrea
Species: P. sinuata
Binomial name
Platythyrea sinuata
(Roger, 1860)

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Specimen Labels

Synonyms

DaRocha et al. (2015) studied the diversity of ants found in bromeliads of a single large tree of Erythrina, a common cocoa shade tree, at an agricultural research center in Ilhéus, Brazil. Forty-seven species of ants were found in 36 of 52 the bromeliads examined. Bromeliads with suspended soil and those that were larger had higher ant diversity. Platythyrea sinuata was found in a bromeliad but was associated with twigs and bark cavities, rather than the suspended soil or litter, of the plant.


At a Glance • Gamergate  

 

Identification

Silva-Rocha et al. (2017) - Platythyrea sinuata exhibits a great morphological similarity with Platythyrea angusta, Platythyrea pilosula and Platythyrea punctata making its correct identification difficult (Brown, 1975).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 9.46667° to -16.256667°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Mexico, Peru, Suriname (type locality), Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Silva-Rocha et al. (2017) collected individuals from a colony found in a cabruca area (cocoa plantation in native forest understory), between a rotted trunk and soil in Ilhéus, Brazil (14°47’51”S, 39°02’13”W). Karyotype anlysis revealed this species had 2n=44 chromosomes, with karyotypic formula 2k=24M+20A.

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sinuata. Ponera sinuata Roger, 1860: 297 (w.m.) SURINAME, GUYANA, HAITI.
    • Type-material: 5 syntype workers, 1 syntype male.
    • Type-localities: 2 workers Suriname, 2 workers Guyana: Demarara, 1 worker Venezuela(?): Valencia, and 1 male Haiti: Port au Prince (Ehrenberg).
    • Type-depository: MNHU.
    • Combination in Platythyrea: Roger, 1863a: 173; Roger, 1863b: 17.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 17; Mayr, 1863: 442; Dalla Torre, 1893: 27; Emery, 1911d: 30; Mann, 1916: 403 (in key); Kempf, 1964a: 141; Kempf, 1972a: 206; Brown, 1975: 9, 54; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 336; Mackay, Mackay, et al. 2008: 209; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 124; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019: 513.
    • Senior synonym of boliviana: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 337.
    • Senior synonym of meinerti: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 337.
    • Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Haiti, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela.
  • boliviana. Platythyrea meinerti st. boliviana Santschi, 1921g: 83 (w.) BOLIVIA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Bolivia: Carandeiti (Lizer & Deletang).
    • Type-depository: NHMB.
    • Subspecies of meinerti: Kempf, 1964a: 141; Kempf, 1972a: 206.
    • Junior synonym of sinuata: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 336.
  • meinerti. Platythyrea meinerti Forel, 1905b: 156 (w.) VENEZUELA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Venezuela: La Moka (Meinert).
    • Type-depository: ZMUC.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1911d: 30; Mann, 1916: 402; Borgmeier, 1923: 53; Kempf, 1961b: 490; Kempf, 1964a: 141; Kempf, 1972a: 206.
    • Junior synonym of sinuata: Brown, 1975: 9; Brandão, 1991: 371; Bolton, 1995b: 337.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 44, karyotype = 24M+20A (Brazil) (Silva-Rocha et al., 2017).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Astruc C., J. F. Julien, C. Errard, and A. Lenoir. 2004. Phylogeny of ants based on morphology and DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 880-893.
  • Basset Y., L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K. Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaards, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl et al. 2012. Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest. Science 338(6113): 1481-1484.
  • Borgmeier T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Archivos do Museu Nacional (Rio de Janeiro) 24: 33-103.
  • Brandao, C.R.F. 1991. Adendos ao catalogo abreviado das formigas da regiao neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 35: 319-412.
  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. V. Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. Search Agric. (Ithaca N. Y.) 5(1): 1-115.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Escalante Gutiérrez J. A. 1993. Especies de hormigas conocidas del Perú (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Peruana de Entomología 34:1-13.
  • Fernández F. 2008. Subfamilia Ponerinae s.str. Pp. 123-218 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Fernández F., and E. E. Palacio. 1995. Hormigas de Colombia IV: nuevos registros de géneros y especies. Caldasia 17: 587-596.
  • Fernández F., and T. M. Arias-Penna. 2008. Las hormigas cazadoras en la región Neotropical. Pp. 3-39 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Forel A. 1905. Miscellanea myrmécologiques II (1905). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 49: 155-185.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Galkowski C. 2016. New data on the ants from the Guadeloupe (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 151, 44(1): 25-36.
  • Jaffe, Klaus and Lattke, John. 1994. Ant Fauna of the French and Venezuelan Islands in the Caribbean in Exotic Ants, editor D.F. Williams. 182-190.
  • Kempf W. W. 1959. Insecta Amapaensia. - Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Studia Entomologica (n.s.)2: 209-218.
  • Kempf W. W. 1961. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Studia Entomologica 4: 481-524.
  • Kempf W. W. 1964. Uma nova Platythyrea do Brasil (Hym., Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 11: 141-144.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1953. La fauna mirmecológica de Bolivia. Folia Universitaria. Cochabamba 6: 211-229.
  • Morales-Castaño I. T., and C. A. Medina. 2009. Insectos de la Orinoquia colombiana: evaluación a partir de la Colección Entomológica del Instituto Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH). Biota Colombiana 10 (1-2): 31 -53.
  • Santschi F. 1921. Ponerinae, Dorylinae et quelques autres formicides néotropiques. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 54: 81-103.
  • Valdes-Rodriguez S., P. Chacon de Ulloa, and I. Armbrecht. 2014. Soil ant species in Gorgona Island, Colombian Pacific. Rev. Biol. Trop. 62 (1): 265-276.
  • Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133