Platythyreini

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Platythyreini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Platythyreini
Emery, 1901
Type genus
Platythyrea
Diversity
1 genera
39 species

Identification

List of Genera

Extant Genera

Platythyrea

Fossil Genera

No fossil genera within tribe.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

Taxonomic History

  • Platythyreini as tribe of Ponerinae: Emery, 1901a: 36 [Platythyrei]; Emery, 1911d: 28 [Platythyreini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 36; Arnold, 1915: 22; Forel, 1917: 237; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638; subsequent authors; Bolton, 2003: 44, 171; Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 47.

Taxonomic Notes

Schmidt and Shattuck (2012) - The deep separation between Platythyrea and Ponerini has been recognized at least since Emery (1901), who placed Platythyrea in its own tribe Platythyrei (later renamed Platythyreini; Emery, 1911). Two sources of taxonomic confusion have arisen since Emery’s original designation of tribal status: the proper location of Probolomyrmex and the status of Eubothroponera. Probolomyrmex Mayr superficially resembles Platythyrea in overall gestalt and in the presence of pruinose sculpturing, though there are many major differences between them. It has been placed by some authors within Platythyreini (e.g., Brown, 1952, and most subsequent authors), though Perrault (2000) placed it in its own subfamily, Probolomyrmecinae. Bolton (2003) moved Probolomyrmex to its own tribe within Proceratiinae; many early authors had placed the genus in tribe Proceratiini of that subfamily (e.g., Emery, 1911). Molecular phylogenetic evidence (e.g., Moreau et al., 2006; Brady et al., 2006; Schmidt, 2013) confirms the placement of Probolomyrmex within Proceratiinae and demonstrates that its superficial similarity to Platythyrea is likely the result of convergence. See the discussion under Platythyrea (below) for a consideration of Eubothroponera Clark, a genus confirmed here as a junior synonym of Platythyrea.

References