Pheidole koshewnikovi

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Pheidole koshewnikovi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. koshewnikovi
Binomial name
Pheidole koshewnikovi
Ruzsky, 1905

Pheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Mediterranean populations of the taxon named Pheidole pallidula have recently been divided into four species, three of them recorded in Greece (Seifert, 2016), but this revision is still under discussion owing to the great local variability of this very common Mediterranean ant. From the northern Aegean Islands was recorded Pheidole balcanica and Pheidole koshewnikovi (Borowiec et al., 2022).



Khalili-Moghadam et al. (2019) report the first record of P. koshewnikovi from Iran. According to the recent revision of the Pheidole pallidula species-group (SEIFERT 2016), however, all previous Iranian records of Pheidole pallidula probably relate to P. koshewnikovi, which is the species with the easternmost distribution of this group.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 46° to 31.618°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Azerbaijan, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Türkiye, Uzbekistan (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Pheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 d 2 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 p 2 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 h 2 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038025 d 3 high.jpg
Lectotype of Pheidole pallidula koshewnikoviWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code antweb1038025. Photographer Roland Schultz, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Pheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 h 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 l 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 d 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 p 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 p 2 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 d 2 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi antweb1038026 p 3 high.jpg
Lectotype of Pheidole pallidula orientalisWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code antweb1038026. Photographer Roland Schultz, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Pheidole koshewnikovi casent0904193 h 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi casent0904193 d 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi casent0904193 p 1 high.jpgPheidole koshewnikovi casent0904193 l 1 high.jpg
Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Pheidole pallidula arenarum orientalisWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code casent0904193. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • koshewnikovi. Pheidole pallidula subsp. koshewnikovi Ruzsky, 1905b: 648 (s.w.) KAZAKHSTAN.
    • Subspecies of pallidula: Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 448; Tarbinsky, 1976: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 324.
    • Status as species: Seifert, 2016b: 13.
    • Senior synonym of arenarum, orientalis: Seifert, 2016b: 13.
  • arenarum. Pheidole pallidula var. arenarum Ruzsky, 1905b: 647 (s.w.m.) TURKMENISTAN, UZBEKISTAN.
    • Karavaiev, 1926b: 106 (q.).
    • Subspecies of pallidula: Emery, 1915j: 226; Emery, 1916b: 149; Emery, 1921f: 86; Ruzsky, 1923: 4; Emery, 1924a: 8; Karavaiev, 1926b: 106; Karavaiev, 1927a: 288; Menozzi, 1933b: 57; Finzi, 1936: 162; Menozzi, 1936d: 279; Finzi, 1939c: 155; Finzi, 1940: 159; Bernard, 1948: 141; Bernard, 1950b: 287; Bernard, 1953a: 147; Pisarski, 1967: 385; Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 448; Pisarski, 1970: 307.
    • Status as species: Collingwood, 1961a: 64; Collingwood, 1961b: 289.
    • Junior synonym of pallidula: Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 123.
    • Junior synonym of koshewnikovi: Seifert, 2016b: 13.
  • orientalis. Pheidole pallidula subsp. orientalis Müller, 1923: 69 (s.w.) TURKESTAN.
    • [First available use of Pheidole pallidula subsp. arenarum var. orientalis Emery, 1915j: 230; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Karavaiev, 1926b: 107 (q.m.); Menozzi, 1936d: 280 (l.).
    • Subspecies of pallidula: Menozzi, 1928a: 126.
    • Junior synonym of pallidula: Baroni Urbani, 1964a: 3; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 123.
    • Junior synonym of koshewnikovi: Seifert, 2016b: 13.

Taxonomic Notes

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018): Seifert (2016) considers Pheidole orientalis to be a junior synonym of P. koshnewnikovi. While there are similarities, the latter is consistently some 20% smaller than the orientalis type and those we report here.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Andoni V. 1977. Kontribut mbi Himenopteret e familjes Formicidae te vendit tone. Buletini I Shkencave te Natyres 31(2): 93-101.
  • Bernard F. 1953. Les fourmis du Tassili des Ajjer. Pp. 121-250 in: Bernard, F. (ed.) 1953. Mission scientifique au Tassili des Ajjer (1949). Volume I. Recherches zoologiques et médicales. Paris: P. Lechevalier, 302 pp.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1961. The third Danish Expedition to Central Asia. Zoological Results 27. Formicidae (Insecta) from Afghanistan. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 123: 51-79.
  • Crawley W. C. 1920. Ants from Mesopotamia and north-west Persia. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 32: 162-166.
  • Emery C. 1915. Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae). Revue Zoologique Africaine (Brussels) 4: 223-250.
  • Finzi B. 1930. Hymenopteren aus Palästina und Syrien. (Zoologische Studienreise von R. Ebner 1928 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien.) Formicidae. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Abteilung I 139:22-24.
  • Finzi, B. "Risultati scientifici della spedizione Ravasini-Lona in Albania. III. Formiche." Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 55 (1923): 1-4.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Karavaiev V. 1926. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. Konowia 5: 93-109.
  • Karavaiev V. 1927. Übersicht der Ameisenfauna der Krim nebst einigen Neubeschreibungen. Konowia 5: 281-303.
  • Khalili-Moghadam A., L. Borowiec, and A. Nemati. 2019. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province of Iran with taxonomic comments. Polish Journal of Entomology 88 (2): 163–182.
  • Marikovsky P. I. 1979. Ants of the Semireche Desert. [In Russian.]. Alma Ata: Nauka, 263 pp.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Pisarski B. 1967. Fourmis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) d'Afghanistan récoltées par M. Dr. K. Lindberg. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 24: 375-425.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-51.
  • Schultz, R., A. G. Radchenko, and B. Seifert. "A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 201-207.
  • Seifert B. 2016. Inconvenient hyperdiversity – the traditional concept of “Pheidole pallidula” includes four cryptic species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Soil Organisms 88(1): 1-17.
  • Tohme G., and H. Tohme. 2014. Nouvelles liste des especes de fourmis du Liban (Hymenoptera, Formicoidea). Lebanese Science Journal 15(1): 133-141.