This species nests under stones. Brood was present in nests in June in New Mexico and one nest was under a stone together with Camponotus vicinus (Mackay & Mackay, 2002). It has been found in Pinyon pine, ponderosa pine, cedar and oak wood lands (silver leaf, white oak), sycamore canyons and grasslands in forests. It is one of the few Myrmica species which nests in dry habitats. It is also the host for the inquiline Myrmica colax.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
The workers of this species are easily recognized by the longitudinal striations at the base of the gaster and by longitudinally striate antennal scapes. The striations on the gaster are occasionally fine, and difficult to see, in which case the large punctures are generally obvious. (Mackay & Mackay, 2002).
Cole (1953) - This species is very distinctive, readily recognized, and in several respects wholly different from other known species and subspecies of Myrmica. In its gastric punctation the new species is somewhat similar to the members of the punctiventris group. But the new species is very much different from Myrmica pinetorum and Myrmica punctiventris of eastern and midwestern distribution. The gastric punctures are more numerous, coarser, and more extensive than those of the punctiventris group and they are accompanied basally by numerous, fine, longitudinal striae which are absent from the former. Other very distinctive features of the new species are the extremely coarse, rugo-reticulate sculpturing of the body, the abundant and coarse pilosity, and the laminate antennal scapes, none of which is characteristic of the punctiventris group.
Keys including this Species
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 39.534702° to 19.33317°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
This ant is the host for the rare Myrmica colax, found only once in Limpia Canyon, Davis Mountains, Texas.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- striolagaster. Myrmica striolagaster Cole, 1953a: 81 (w.) U.S.A. Cole, 1957c: 208 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1972b: 234 (l.).
- Holotype, worker, Cimarron Canyon, 5-1/2 miles west of Cimarron near highway U.S. 64, New Mexico, 6,700 feet, United States, , 29 August 1951, A.C. Cole, Cole Coll. No. N-116, A.C. Cole Collection; nest in soil beneath a stone on a moist, shaded, gentle, south-facing slope beside a stream.
- Paratype, 69 workers, Cimarron Canyon, 5-1/2 miles west of Cimarron near highway U.S. 64, New Mexico, 6,700 feet, United States, Museum of Comparative Zoology, National Museum of Natural History; nest in soil beneath a stone on a moist, shaded, gentle, south-facing slope beside a stream. , 29 August 1951, A.C. Cole, Cole Coll. No. N-116, A.C. Cole Collection,
Holotype, worker (Cole Coll. No. N-116). Overall length, 6.14 mm.; alitrunk, 1.82 mm.; petiole and postpetiole combined, 0.95 mm.
Head, excluding mandibles, as long as broad (1.10 mm.) between the eyes, the sides moderately convex, the occipital border nearly straight, and the corners rounded. Frontal carinae broad, thin, directed upward, and with rounded apical border. Antennal scape with a right angle bend near the base and a shallow crescentic lamina at the bend. Labial palpi 3-segmented; maxillary palpi 6-segmented.
Thorax with its dorsal surface feebly convex when viewed in profile and with a rather broad and distinct mesoepinotal suture. Epinotal spines robust, pointed, nearly straight, deflected upward, outward, and backward, about as long as the distance between their bases. Petiole with a feebly concave anterior face and a convex dorsal surface, a little higher than the distance from the tip of the ventral tooth to the postpetiole. Postpetiole higher than long, higher than the petiole, submoniliform when viewed from above.
Head, alitrunk, petiole, and postpetiole coarsely rugo-reticulate. Antennal scapes and mandibles coarsely and longitudinally striate. Clypeus longitudinally and coarsely carinate. First gastric segment densely and coarsely punctate basally and with numerous, fine, longitudinal, basal striae. Pilosity of entire body coarse and very dense, the hairs golden, rather long, somewhat blunt, and quite uniform in length. Head, alitrunk, petiole, and postpetiole subopaque; gaster shining except at the striolate base of the first segment.
Color of head and alitrunk dark ferrugineous; petiole, postpetiole, and gaster darker.
Variation in the paratype series: In the series of 69 paratype workers the overall length varies from 5.57 to 6.50 mm. Most characteristics seem to be remarkably uniform. Color variation is only relatively slight as is that of pilosity and sculpture.
- Cole, A. C., Jr. 1953b. Studies of New Mexico ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). I. A new species of Myrmica. J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 28: 81-82. (page 81, worker described)
- Cole, A. C., Jr. 1957c. Descriptions of sexual castes of some ants in the genera Myrmica, Manica and Xiphomyrmex from the western United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Tenn. Acad. Sci. 32: 208-213. (page 208, queen, male described)
- Mackay, W.P. & Mackay, E.E. 2002. The Ants of New Mexico: 400 pp. Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, N.Y.
- Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1972b. Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmicinae: second supplement on the tribes Myrmicini and Pheidolini. J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 7: 233-246 (page 234, larva described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Cole A. C., Jr. 1953. Studies of New Mexico ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). I. A new species of Myrmica. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 28: 81-82.
- Cover S. P., and R. A. Johnson. 20011. Checklist of Arizona Ants. Downloaded on January 7th at http://www.asu.edu/clas/sirgtools/AZants-2011%20updatev2.pdf
- Gregg R. E. 1961. The status of certain myrmicine ants in western North America with a consideration of the genus Paramyrmica Cole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 69: 209-220.
- Gregg, R.T. 1963. The Ants of Colorado.
- Johnson R. Personnal Database. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://www.asu.edu/clas/sirgtools/resources.htm
- Mackay W. P., and E. E. Mackay. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp.
- Mackay, W.P. and E. Mackay. XXXX. The Ants of New Mexico
- Moody J. V., and O. F. Francke. 1982. The Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Western Texas Part 1: Subfamily Myrmicinae. Graduate Studies Texas Tech University 27: 80 pp.
- O'Keefe S. T., J. L. Cook, T. Dudek, D. F. Wunneburger, M. D. Guzman, R. N. Coulson, and S. B. Vinson. 2000. The Distribution of Texas Ants. The Southwestern Entomologist 22: 1-92.
- Vásquez-Bolaños M. 2011. Lista de especies de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para México. Dugesiana 18: 95-133
- Wheeler, G.C. and J. Wheeler. 1985. A checklist of Texas ants. Prairie Naturalist 17:49-64.