This parasite was discovered as part of a September 1965 ant biodiversity study in the southeastern portion of the Parc des Laurentides (now Grands-Jardins National Park) in Quebec. A queen and male were found in a Myrmica alaskensis nest.
|At a Glance||• Workerless Inquiline|
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
One of two known parasites of Myrmica alaskensis. Both parasites are only known from queens and males. Francoeur (1984) provided a couplet for distinguishing M. lampra from the other parasite, Myrmica quebecensis
Key to species of the lampra group
1. Ocular index < 26 (eye diameter x 100/head width). Propodeal spines well developed, as long as or longer than one-half the distance which separates their bases. Body bicolored, reddish or yellowish brown. Female habitus . . . . . 2
Ocular index >30. Propodeal spines reduced, as long as or shorter than one-third the distance which separates their bases. Concolorous body, dark to blackish brown. Male habitus . . . . . 3
2. Petiolar sternum with a median keel protruded anteriorly into an angular lobe. Anterior margin of clypeus angulo-convex. Eyes with long reclinate hairs. Fine striae on dorsum of head . . . . . lampra
Petiolar sternum with a strong vertical lamella. Anterior margin of clypeus weakly convex. Eyes only with short straight hairs. Coarse striae on dorsum of head . . . . . quebecensis
3. Petiolar sternum with a median keel feebly protruding anteriorly like a spine. Scape equal to the first 7.5 meres of the funiculum, scape index = 84 (scape length x 100/head width) . . . . . lampra
Petiolar sternum with an elongated lamella, directed downward and forward. Scape equal to the first 5 meres of the funiculum. scape index < 62 . . . . . . quebecensis
Keys including this Species
Sainte-Anne-du-Nord River, Parc des Laurentides, County of Charlevoix-West (types) and HavreSaint-Pierre, county of Saguenay (no 08566), Quebec Province.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The type material was found in the nest of Myrmica alaskensis. The nest was located in a rotten, moist tree trunk on the ground of a slope facing south, between the Sainte-Anne-du-Nord river (Quebec) and a sand road, at an altitude of 2400 feet ( ). This area is subartic, dominated by black spruce and a ground cover of caribou lichen.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- lampra. Myrmica lampra Francoeur, 1968: 729, figs. 1-5 (q.m.) CANADA. See also: Kutter, 1973c: 256; Francoeur, 1981: 756; Bolton, 1988a: 4.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
The nest of the host-species was hollowed in a rotten and very humid tree trunk. The trunk rested on the ground of a slope facing south, between the Sainte-Anne-du-Nord river and a sand road, at an altitude of 2400 feet. The geographical coordinates of the place are 47°40'30"N latitude and 70°46'30"W longitude. Both specimens are deposited as types in the Provancher Collection of the Musee du Quebec, Laval University.
lampra Greek = brilliant
- Bolton, B. 1988a. A new socially parasitic Myrmica, with a reassessment of the genus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Syst. Entomol. 13: 1-11 (page 4, see also)
- Francoeur, A. 1968. Une nouvelle espèce du genre Myrmica au Québec (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). La Naturaliste Canadien. 95:727-730. (page 729, figs. 1-5; queen, male described)
- Francoeur, A. 1981c. Le groupe néarctique Myrmica lampra (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). The Canadian Entomologist. 113:755-759. (page 756, see also)
- Francoeur, A. 2002b. Deuxieme mention de Myrmica lampra Francoeur au Québec (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Fabreries. 27(2): 156. (page 156, record in Quebec)
- Kutter, H. 1973d. Über die morphologischen Beziehungen der Gattung Myrmica zu ihren Satellitengenera Sifolinia Em., Symbiomyrma Arnoldi und Sommimyrma Menozzi (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 46: 253-268 (page 256, see also)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Francoeur A., and M. Bouchard. 2018. Extension du territoire connu de la fourmi Myrmica lampra au Québec (Formicides, Hyménoptères). Le Naturaliste canadien 142(1): 64–65.
- Glasier J. R. N., S. E. Nielsen, J. Acorn, and J. Pinzon. 2019. Boreal sand hills are areas of high diversity for Boreal ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Diversity 11, 22; doi:10.3390/d11020022.