Meranoplus bicolor

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Meranoplus bicolor
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Meranoplus
Species: M. bicolor
Binomial name
Meranoplus bicolor
(Guérin-Méneville, 1844)

Meranoplus bicolor casent0217854 p 1 high.jpg

Meranoplus bicolor casent0217854 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Meranoplus bicolor inhabits bare lands, grasslands and sparse forests, and nests in soil. Workers forage on the ground. (Eguchi, Bui and Yamane 2011)

Photo Gallery

  • Worker from Trivandrum, India, tending a leafhopper under a Setaria grass leaf. The hopper was aggressively tended and in return the ant dined on the copious amounts of nectar given by the hopper. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.


Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India (type locality), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Meranoplus bicolor inhabits bare lands, grasslands and sparse forests, and nests in soil. Workers forage on the ground



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • bicolor. Cryptocerus bicolor Guérin-Méneville, 1844a: 425 (w.) INDIA. Smith, F. 1875: 34 (q.m.); Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 6 (k.). Combination in Meranoplus: Smith, F. 1853: 224. Senior synonym of dimicans: Bingham, 1903: 168; Donisthorpe, 1932b: 576; of tarda: Emery, 1892b: 166; of villosus: Roger, 1863b: 39; of fuscescens, lucidus: Schödl, 1998: 372.
  • tarda. Myrmica tarda Jerdon, 1851: 115 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of bicolor: Emery, 1892b: 166.
  • dimicans. Meranoplus dimicans Walker, 1859: 375 (w.) SRI LANKA. Junior synonym of bicolor: Bingham, 1903: 168; Donisthorpe, 1932b: 576.
  • villosus. Meranoplus villosus Motschoulsky, 1860a: 115 (q.) SRI LANKA. Junior synonym of bicolor: Roger, 1863b: 39.
  • lucidus. Meranoplus bicolor var. lucida Forel, 1903a: 706 (w.) MYANMAR. Forel, 1909d: 224 (m.). Junior synonym of bicolor: Schödl, 1998: 372.
  • fuscescens. Meranoplus bicolor var. fuscescens Wheeler, W.M. 1930a: 101 (w.) TAIWAN. Junior synonym of bicolor: Schödl, 1998: 372.



  • 2n = 16 (India; Indonesia) (Imai et al., 1984; Imai et al., 1985).


  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 168, Senior synonym of dimicans)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932b. On the identity of some ants from Ceylon described by F. Walker. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(9): 574-576 (page 576, Senior synonym of dimicans)
  • Emery, C. 1892c [1891]. Note sinonimiche sulle formiche. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 23: 159-167 (page 166, Senior synonym of tarda)
  • Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1844a. Iconographie du règne animal de G. Cuvier, ou représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus remarquables, et souvent non encore figurées, de chaque genre d'animaux. Insectes. Paris: J. B. Baillière, 576 pp. (page 425, worker described)
  • Imai, H. T.; Baroni Urbani, C.; Kubota, M.; Sharma, G. P.; Narasimhanna, M. H.; Das, B. C.; 1984. Karyological survey of Indian ants. Jpn. J. Genet. 59: 1-32 (page 6, karyotype described)
  • Eguchi, K., Bui, T.V. & Yamane, S. 2011. Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam. Part 1 – Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmecinae. Zootaxa 2878: 1-61. PDF
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 39, Senior synonym of villosus)
  • Schödl, S. 1998. Taxonomic revision of Oriental Meranoplus F. Smith, 1853 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien. B. Bot. Zool. 100: 361-394 (page 372, Senior synonym of fuscescens and lucidus)
  • Schödl, S. 1999. Description of Meranoplus birmanus sp. nov. from Myanmar, and the first record of M. bicolor from Laos (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomol. Probl. 30: 61-65 PDF
  • Smith, F. 1853 [1854]. Monograph of the genus Cryptocerus, belonging to the group Cryptoceridae - family Myrmicidae - division Hymenoptera Heterogyna. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (2) 2: 213-228 (page 224, Combination in Meranoplus)
  • Smith, F. 1875. Descriptions of new species of Indian aculeate Hymenoptera, collected by Mr. G. R. James Rothney, member of the Entomological Society. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1875: 33-51 (page 34, queen, male described)