Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
Eocenomyrma rugosostriata appears to be not only the commonest species of the genus, but also the species with the widest known distribution as well (Radchenko & Perkovsky, 2018).
This taxon was described from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and is also known from Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) (Perkovsky, 2016) and Rovno amber (Priabonian, Late Eocene) (Radchenko & Perkovsky, 2018).
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- †rugosostriata. †Macromischa rugosostriata Mayr, 1868c: 84, pl. 4, fig. 82 (w.) BALTIC AMBER (Eocene).
- Combination in †Nothomyrmica: Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 61.
- Combination in †Eocenomyrma: Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006b: 565.
- Neotype (designated by Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006: 565), worker, Baltic Amber (Eocene), ZMHU F−191, Berlin Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität.
Radchenko & Perkovsky (2018) - Mayr (1868) described Macromischa rugosostriata based on two workers from the Baltic amber. Later on Wheeler (1915) found nine more workers and one queen of this species from this amber and transferred it to the established by him new genus Nothomyrmica Wheeler. Dlussky and Radchenko (2006) transferred Nothomyrmica rugosostriata to the genus Eocenomyrma, designated the neotype of this species from the Bitterfeld amber and redescribed it based on three workers from the Bitterfeld and Baltic ambers. At last, Radchenko and Dlussky (2016) provided data on one more worker specimen of E. rugosostriata from the Baltic amber.
Thus, till now E. rugosostriata seems to be the commonest member of this genus — in total, 16 specimens of this species are found in the Baltic, Bitterfeld and Rovno ambers, while only seven specimens attributed to other five Eocenomyrma species are found till now. One species (Eocenomyrma orthospina) is known from both Rovno and Baltic ambers, and each of other species are found in the single of four Late Eocene European ambers (Dlussky, Radchenko, 2006; Dlussky, Rasnitsyn, 2009; Radchenko, Dlussky, 2016). At the same time, four of six Eocenomyrma species are known from the Rovno amber that makes this fauna the richest among all other ambers. Only three species are known from the northern coast of Subparathetys (Baltic amber) and solely Eocenomyrma elegantula is known only from Baltic amber. However, five Eocenomyrma species are found in at least 6.5 times smaller in number of specimens collections from the southern coast of Subparathetys (Rovno, Bitterfeld and Scandinavian ambers), including three species unknown from the Baltic amber. It seems that Eocenomyrma ants were at least less diverse on the northern coast of Subparathetys.
- Dlussky, G., Radchenko, A. 2006. A new ant genus from the late Eocene European amber. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51 (3): 561–567.
- Perkovsky, E.E. 2016. Tropical and Holoarctic ants in late Eocene ambers. Vestnik zoologii, 50(2): 111–122 (DOI 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0014).
- Radchenko, A.G., Dlussky, G.M. 2016. Further data on the extinct ant genus Eocenomyrma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Vestnik zoologii, 50: 395–406 (DOI 10.1515/vzoo-2016-0046).
- Radchenko, A.G., Perkovsky, E.E. 2018. First record of fossil ant species Eocenomyrma rugosostriata (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Rovno amber. Russian Entomological Journal 27:285-288 (DOI 10.15298/rusentj.27.3.08).