Camponotus pilicornis

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Camponotus pilicornis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. pilicornis
Binomial name
Camponotus pilicornis
(Roger, 1859)

Camponotus pilicornis casent0249993 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus pilicornis casent0249993 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: France (type locality), Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Associations with other Organisms

Other Insects

This species is a host for the ant Camponotus universitatis (a inquiline) (Tinaut et al., 1992; Guillem et al., 2014).

This ant has been associated with the butterflies Glaucopsyche alexis and Tomares ballus (Obregon et al. 2015).


This species is a host for the fungus Laboulbenia camponoti (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • pilicornis. Formica marginata var. pilicornis Roger, 1859: 228 (s.w.q.) SPAIN. Emery, 1908a: 197 (s.q.m.). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1863: 419; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 101. Subspecies of sylvaticus: André, 1882a: 146; Emery, 1920c: 7; Santschi, 1925g: 356; of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143; of maculatus: Emery, 1905d: 31; Emery, 1916b: 150. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 76; Schmitz, 1950: 13; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 82, Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 186. Senior synonym of lichtensteini: Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 480. Current subspecies: nominal plus siculus.
  • lichtensteini. Camponotus lichtensteini Bondroit, 1918: 74 (s.w.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of sylvaticus: Bernard, 1967: 337; of pilicornis: Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 480.
  • massiliensis. Camponotus pilicornis var. massiliensis Schmitz, 1950: 13 (w.) FRANCE. [First available use of Camponotus maculatus r. dichrous var. massiliensis Forel, 1894d: 41; unavailable name.] Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 83. Raised to species: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969: 83. Junior synonym of pilicornis: Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 480.



  • 2n = 50 (Spain) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).


  • André, E. 1882b. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 81-152 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 146, Variety/race/subspecies of sylvaticus)
  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 186, Raised to species)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 76, Raised to species)
  • Collingwood, C. A.; Yarrow, I. H. H. 1969. A survey of Iberian Formicidae (Hymenoptera). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 44: 53-101 (page 82, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1905g. Le forme paleartiche del Camponotus maculatus F. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (n.s.) 9: 27-44 (page 31, Variety/race/subspecies of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 197, soldier, queen, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 150, Variety/race/subspecies of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 7, Variety/race/subspecies of sylvaticus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 101, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Espadaler, X., Santamaria, S. 2012. Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region. Psyche Article ID 168478, 10 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/168478).
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 143, Variety/race/subspecies of rubripes)
  • Mayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 385-460 (page 419, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Roger, J. 1859. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Ameisenfauna der Mittelmeerländer. I. Berl. Entomol. Z. 3: 225-259 (page 228, soldier, worker, queen described)
  • Santschi, F. 1925g. Fourmis d'Espagne et autres espèces paléarctiques (Hymenopt.). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 1: 339-360 (page 356, Variety/race/subspecies of sylvaticus)
  • Schmitz, H. 1950. Formicidae quaedam a cl. A. Stärcke determinatae, quas in Lusitania collegit. Brotéria Ser. Cienc. Nat. 19: 12-16 (page 13, Raised to species)