Camponotus nidulans

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Camponotus nidulans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. nidulans
Binomial name
Camponotus nidulans
(Smith, F., 1860)

Camponotus nidulans casent0280322 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus nidulans casent0280322 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms


Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus nidulans infected by Ophiocordyceps camponoti-nidulantis on its typical display where the antennae are spread in order to optimize the transmission of asexual spores produced along the antenna. Dead on a summit position, aiming to spread the sexual spores. (Photo by João P. M. Araújo)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps camponoti-nidulantis (a pathogen) (Araujo et al., 2018).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • nidulans. Formica nidulans Smith, F. 1860c: 69 (w.q.m.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 672;
    • combination in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1896d: 378;
    • combination in C. (Dendromyrmex): Fernández, 2002: 65.
    • Status as species: Mayr, 1862: 672 (redescription); Mayr, 1863: 400; Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1878: 869 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 244; Forel, 1895b: 103; Emery, 1896d: 378 (in list); Forel, 1908c: 417; Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13; Mann, 1916: 484; Emery, 1925b: 174; Borgmeier, 1927c: 163; Kempf, 1960e: 400; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169; Fernández, 2002: 65 (redescription); Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 113; Mackay & Mackay, 2019: 763.
    • Senior synonym of acoma: Fernández, 2002: 65.
    • Senior synonym of fabricii: Fernández, 2002: 65.
    • Senior synonym of felis: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of io: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of mamoreensis: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of niger: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of nigripes: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of pictus: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of rufescens: Fernández, 2002: 66.
    • Senior synonym of vestita: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • acoma. Camponotus (Dendromyrmex) fabricii var. acoma Forel, 1908c: 418 (w.) BRAZIL (Espirito Santo).
    • Combination in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1925b: 173.
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Emery, 1925b: 173; Borgmeier, 1927c: 162; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • fabricii. Camponotus fabricii Roger, 1862c: 285 (footnote) (w.) SURINAME.
    • [Misspelled as fabrcicii by Borgmeier, 1927c: 162.]
    • Combination in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1895j: 772;
    • combination in C. (Dendromyrmex): Forel, 1899c: 158.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 5; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1870a: 373 (in key); Mayr, 1878: 869 (in key); Mayr, 1884: 30; Dalla Torre, 1893: 230; Forel, 1895b: 102; Emery, 1896d: 378 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13; Mann, 1916: 484; Santschi, 1921g: 102; Mann, 1922: 54; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 6; Emery, 1925b: 173; Borgmeier, 1927c: 162; Kempf, 1960e: 399; Kempf, 1970b: 342; Kempf, 1972a: 95; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • felis. Dendromyrmex chartifex var. felis Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.q.) GUYANA (date of publication, 21.ii.1916).
    • [Also described as new by Mann, 1916: 484 (date of publication, (30).ix.1916).
    • Subspecies of chartifex: Emery, 1925b: 173; Borgmeier, 1927c: 162; Kempf, 1972a: 95; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • io. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. io Weber, 1943b: 77 (w.) GUYANA.
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • mamoreensis. Dendromyrmex chartifex subsp. mamoreensis Mann, 1916: 485 (w.) BRAZIL (Rondônia).
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1921g: 102.
    • Subspecies of chartifex: Emery, 1925b: 173; Borgmeier, 1927c: 162; Kempf, 1972a: 95; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • niger. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. niger Weber, 1943b: 76 (w.) SURINAME.
    • [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of Camponotus sicheli nigra Emery, 1925b: 121.]
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • nigripes. Dendromyrmex nidulans var. nigripes Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.q.) GUYANA.
    • Subspecies of nidulans: Emery, 1925b: 174; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • pictus. Dendromyrmex fabricii var. pictus Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 6 (w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 202 (l.).
    • [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of Camponotus ligniperdus pictus Forel, 1886f: 141.]
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Emery, 1925b: 174; Borgmeier, 1927c: 162; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • rufescens. Dendromyrmex fabricii var. rufescens Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.) GUYANA.
    • Subspecies of fabricii: Emery, 1925b: 174; Kempf, 1972a: 96; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • vestita. Dendromyrmex mamoreensis st. vestita Santschi, 1921g: 102 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA.
    • [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of Formica vestita Smith, 1858b: 32.]
    • Subspecies of chartifex: Emery, 1925b: 173; Kempf, 1972a: 95; Bolton, 1995b: 169.
    • Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.

Description

References

  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
  • Emery, C. 1896j. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:363-382 (page 378, Combination in Dendromyrmex)
  • Fernández, F. 2002a. Revisión de las hormigas Camponotus subgénero Dendromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 42: 47-101 (page 65, Combination in C. (Dendromyrmex) and senior synonyim of acoma, fabricii, felis, io, mamoreensis, niger, nigripes, pictus, rufescens, vestita)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 672, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Smith, F. 1860c. Descriptions of new genera and species of exotic Hymenoptera. J. Entomol. 1: 65-84 (page 69, worker, queen, male described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2944
  • Davidson D. W., S. C. Cook, R. R. Snelling and T. H. Chua. 2003. Explaining the Abundance of Ants in Lowland Tropical Rainforest Canopies. Science 300: 969-972.
  • Emery C. 1896. Formiche raccolte dal dott. E. Festa nei pressi del golfo di Darien. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della Reale Università di Torino 11(229): 1-4.
  • Fernández F. 2002. Revisión de las hormigas Camponotus subgénero Dendromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo). 42: 47-101.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Franco W., N. Ladino, J. H. C. Delabie, A. Dejean, J. Orivel, M. Fichaux, S. Groc, M. Leponce, and R. M. Feitosa. 2019. First checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of French Guiana. Zootaxa 4674(5): 509-543.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Maes, J.-M. and W.P. MacKay. 1993. Catalogo de las hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) de Nicaragua. Revista Nicaraguense de Entomologia 23.
  • Mann W. M. 1916. The Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911, John C. Branner, Director. The ants of Brazil. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 60: 399-490
  • Miranda P. N., F. B. Baccaro, E. F. Morato, M. A. Oliveira. J. H. C. Delabie. 2017. Limited effects of low-intensity forest management on ant assemblages in southwestern Amazonian forests. Biodivers. Conserv. DOI 10.1007/s10531-017-1368-y
  • Radoszkowsky O. 1884. Fourmis de Cayenne Française. Trudy Russkago Entomologicheskago Obshchestva 18: 30-39.
  • Ryder Wilkie K.T., A. L. Mertl, and J. F. A. Traniello. 2010. Species Diversity and Distribution Patterns of the Ants of Amazonian Ecuador. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13146.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013146
  • Santschi F. 1921. Ponerinae, Dorylinae et quelques autres formicides néotropiques. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 54: 81-103.
  • Weber N. A. 1943. New ants from Venezuela and neighboring countries. Bol. Entomol. Venez. 2: 67-78.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1916. Ants collected in British Guiana by the expedition of the American Museum of Natural History during 1911. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 35: 1-14.
  • Wilson, E.O. 1987. The Arboreal Ant Fauna of Peruvian Amazon Forests: A First Assessment. Biotropica 19(3):245-251.