Camponotus melanoticus

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Camponotus melanoticus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. melanoticus
Binomial name
Camponotus melanoticus
Emery, 1894

Camponotus melanoticus casent0173430 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus melanoticus casent0173430 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies

Koch et al. (2018) sampled this species in Caryocar barsiliense trees, in southeastern Brazil cerrado, as part of a study examining species interactions in ant-plants.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia (type locality), Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps camponoti-melanotici (a pathogen) in Brazil (Araujo et al., 2018; Evans et al., 2011; Shrestha et al., 2017).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • melanoticus. Camponotus sexguttatus var. melanoticus Emery, 1894c: 167 (w.) BOLIVIA.
    • Forel, 1911c: 310 (m.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1914a: 267; Santschi, 1922c: 99;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 81.
    • Subspecies of extensus: Emery, 1894f: 3; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list).
    • Status as species: Forel, 1899c: 136; Forel, 1904c: 48; Emery, 1906c: 188; Forel, 1911c: 310; Santschi, 1912e: 534; Santschi, 1913h: 43; Mann, 1916: 476; Luederwaldt, 1918: 50; Emery, 1920b: 255; Santschi, 1922c: 99; Emery, 1925b: 81; Borgmeier, 1927c: 144; Eidmann, 1936b: 93; Santschi, 1939e: 321; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 256; Kempf, 1972a: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 111; Wild, 2007b: 28.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus catharinae, flavopubens, kempfi, paranaensis, publicola, valerius.

Description

References

  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
  • Calazans, E.G., da Costa, R.V., Cristiano,M.P., Cardoso, D.C. 2020. Daily dynamics of an ant community in a mountaintop ecosystem. Environmental Entomology (doi:10.1093/ee/nvaa011).
  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 167, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1894g. Camponotus sexguttatus Fab. e C. sexguttatus Sm. et auct. Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 9(1 187: 1-4 (page 3, Subspecies of extensus)
  • Emery, C. 1896j. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:363-382 (page 371, Subspecies of extensus)
  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 255, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 81, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Evans, H.C., Elliot, S.L., Hughes, D.P. 2011. Hidden diversity behind the zombie-ant fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis: Four new species described from carpenter ants in Minas Gerais, Brazil. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17024 (DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0017024).
  • Forel, A. 1899h. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 105-136 (page 136, Raised to species)
  • Forel, A. 1911e. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1911: 285-312 (page 310, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 267, Combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Koch, E. B. A., W. Dattilo, F. Camarota, and H. L. Vasconcelos. 2018. From species to individuals: does the variation in ant-plant networks scale result in structural and functional changes? Population Ecology. 60:309-318. doi:10.1007/s10144-018-0634-5
  • Santschi, F. 1922d. Camponotus néotropiques. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 62: 97-124 (page 99, Raised to species)
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References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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