Camponotus compressus

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Camponotus compressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. compressus
Binomial name
Camponotus compressus
(Fabricius, 1787)

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

This ant has been observed tending larvae of Lampides boeticus (Obregon et al. 2015).


Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus compressus queen with a small batch of eggs in an artificial nest, India. Photo by Manoj Vembayam.
  • Membaracid bugs and Camponotus compressus, from Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Arab Emirates.
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka.
Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands, China, Liechtenstein.


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Bodlah et al. (2017) found Camponotus compressus and Lepisiota sericea to be associated with the psyllid Trioza fletcheri minor on the tree Terminalis arjuna in areas around Pothwar, Pakistan.

Bingham (1903) discussed this species as tending and keeping ant-cattle. Sharma and Sundararaj (2011) reported it as to be associated with Coccids and Membracids from India. Nettimi and Iyer (2015) studied patch fidelity in Camponotus compressus ants foraging on honeydew secreted by the tree-hopper Oxyrachis tarandus. Krishna Ayyar (1935) mentioned its economic importance and its symbiotic association with a host of mealybugs, scale-insects, aphids, Fulgorids, Psyllids, Membracids and Lycaenid caterpillars on a variety of cultivated crops, ornamental plants, trees and shrubs. Kataria and Kumar (2013) reported it as to be mutually associated with many species of aphids on various plants from India.

Association with Other Organisms

This species is a host for the chalcid wasp Epitranus chilkaensis (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • compressus. Formica compressa Fabricius, 1787: 307 (w.) INDIA (Tamil Nadu, “Habitat Tranquebariae”).
    • Smith, F. 1858b: 14 (q.m.); Kumbkarni, 1965: 305 (k.).
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2;
    • combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 98;
    • combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Santschi, 1929g: 165.
    • Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143, 150; Emery, 1889b: 510.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 226, 241 (footnote); Emery, 1895k: 477; Emery, 1896d: 371 (in list); Emery, 1901f: 121; Ruzsky, 1905b: 206; Forel, 1907a: 31; Forel, 1909e: 396; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Teranishi, 1940: 68.
    • Status as species: Gmelin, 1790: 2797; Olivier, 1792: 491; Fabricius, 1793: 350; Latreille, 1802c: 111; Fabricius, 1804: 396; Latreille, 1809: 126; Lamarck, 1817: 95; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 214; Smith, F. 1857a: 53; Smith, F. 1858b: 13; Smith, F. 1861a: 32; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Smith, F. 1865: 68; Mayr, 1865: 33; Smith, F. 1871a: 303; Smith, F. 1873: viii; Forel, 1879a: 89; André, 1882a: 144 (in key); Rothney, 1889: 348; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Rothney, 1903: 99; Bingham, 1903: 351; Emery, 1920c: 6, 10 (in key); Stitz, 1925: 124; Emery, 1925b: 98; Arnold, 1926: 294; Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 114; Santschi, 1929g: 165; Mukerjee, 1930: 158; Mukerjee, 1934: 9; Finzi, 1936: 189; Santschi, 1936c: 207; Santschi, 1939d: 78; Finzi, 1940: 163; Donisthorpe, 1942d: 458; Donisthorpe, 1943b: 203; Bernard, 1950b: 292; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 244; Baltazar, 1966: 273; Pisarski, 1967: 414; Collingwood, 1970: 381; Pisarski, 1970: 322; Bolton, 1995b: 93; Tang, J., Li, et al. 1995: 115; Radchenko, 1996b: 1201 (in key); Collingwood, Tigar & Agosti, 1997: 510; Radchenko, 1997d: 807; Tiwari, 1999: 69; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000: 353; Ghosh, et al. 2005: 12; Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 57; Mohanraj, et al. 2010: 6; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 448; Pfeiffer, et al. 2011: 36; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 67; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2012: 473; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 28; Bharti & Wachkoo, 2014a: 8 (in key); Borowiec, L. 2014: 29 (see note in bibliography); Bharti, Guénard, et al. 2016: 24.
    • Senior synonym of callida: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Senior synonym of indefessa: Jerdon, 1851: 119; Jerdon, 1854b: 103; Smith, F. 1858b: 14; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Senior synonym of quadrilaterus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 226; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 93.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus bernardi, martensi, occipitalis, probativus, rectinotus.
  • callida. Formica callida Smith, F. 1858b: 18 (w.) INDIA (no state data, “India (Deccan)”).
    • [Note: the Deccan Plateau extends over several Indian states.]
    • Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2.
    • Status as species: Smith, F. 1871a: 304.
    • Junior synonym of variegatus: Mayr, 1863: 401.
    • Junior synonym of ardens: Mayr, 1886c: 353.
    • Junior synonym of angusticollis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 221; Emery, 1896d: 370; Bingham, 1903: 366; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 106; Tiwari, 1999: 68 (error) ; Karmaly & Narendran, 2006: 38 (error).
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 398; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 90.
  • indefessa. Formica indefessa Sykes, 1835: 104, pl. 13, fig. 6 (w.q.) INDIA (Maharashtra).
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Jerdon, 1851: 119; Jerdon, 1854b: 103; Smith, F. 1858b: 14; Mayr, 1863: 398; Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1865: 33; Forel, 1886f: 143; Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 104.
  • quadrilaterus. Camponotus quadrilaterus Roger, 1863a: 136 (w.) INDIA (Puducherry).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 2; Mayr, 1863: 459; Smith, F. 1871a: 306.
    • Junior synonym of compressus: Forel, 1892j: 240; Dalla Torre, 1893: 226; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108; Emery, 1925b: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 119.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 10; 20, 2n = 40 (India; Tunisia) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983; Kumbkarni, 1965) (Lorite and Palomeque 2010 states some issues about the identification/sampling location).

References

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  • Barsagade, D.D., Tembhare, D.B. & Kadu, S.G. 2010. SEM structure of mandibular sensilla in the carpenter ant, Camponotus compressus (Fabricius) (Formicidae Hymenoptera). Halteres 1, 53-57.
  • Barsagade, D.D., Tembhare, D.B. & Kadu, S.G. 2013. Microscopic structure of antennal sensilla in the carpenter ant Camponotus compressus (Fabricius) (Formicidae: Hymenoptera). Asian Myrmecology 5, 113-120.
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  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 6, status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 98, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex), status as species, senior synonym of callida)
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  • Santschi, F. 1936c. Liste et descriptions de fourmis du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 198-210 (page 207, status as species)
  • Sharma, G., Sundararaj, R. 2011. Association of Ants and Honeydew Producing Sucking Pests in Bangalore Provenance of Sandal (Santalum album Linn.). Biological Forum - An International Journal, 3(2): 62-64.
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