Camponotus compressus

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Camponotus compressus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. compressus
Binomial name
Camponotus compressus
(Fabricius, 1787)

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus compressus casent0249972 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant has been observed tending larvae of Lampides boeticus (Obregon et al. 2015).

Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus compressus queen with a small batch of eggs in an artificial nest, India. Photo by Manoj Vembayam.
  • Membaracid bugs and Camponotus compressus, from Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: United Arab Emirates.
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Maldives, Nepal.
Palaearctic Region: Canary Islands, China, Liechtenstein.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Bodlah et al. (2017) found Camponotus compressus and Lepisiota sericea to be associated with the psyllid Trioza fletcheri minor on the tree Terminalis arjuna in areas around Pothwar, Pakistan.

Bingham (1903) discussed this species as tending and keeping ant-cattle. Sharma and Sundararaj (2011) reported it as to be associated with Coccids and Membracids from India. Nettimi and Iyer (2015) studied patch fidelity in Camponotus compressus ants foraging on honeydew secreted by the tree-hopper Oxyrachis tarandus. Krishna Ayyar (1935) mentioned its economic importance and its symbiotic association with a host of mealybugs, scale-insects, aphids, Fulgorids, Psyllids, Membracids and Lycaenid caterpillars on a variety of cultivated crops, ornamental plants, trees and shrubs. Kataria and Kumar (2013) reported it as to be mutually associated with many species of aphids on various plants from India.

Association with Other Organisms

This species is a host for the chalcid wasp Epitranus chilkaensis (a parasite) (Universal Chalcidoidea Database) (primary host).




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • compressus. Formica compressa Fabricius, 1787: 307 (w.) INDIA. Smith, F. 1858b: 14 (q.m.); Kumbkarni, 1965: 305 (k.). Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 98; in C. (Myrmoturba): Santschi, 1929g: 165. Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143; of maculatus: Emery, 1895k: 473; Emery, 1896d: 371; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 108. Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 225; Bingham, 1903: 351; Emery, 1920c: 6; Emery, 1925b: 98; Santschi, 1929g: 165; Santschi, 1936c: 207. Senior synonym of indefessa: Jerdon, 1851: 119; of quadrilaterus: Forel, 1892j: 240; of callida: Emery, 1925b: 98. Current subspecies: nominal plus bernardi, martensi, occipitalis, probativus, rectinotus.
  • indefessa. Formica indefessa Sykes, 1835: 104, pl. 13, fig. 6 (w.q.) INDIA. Junior synonym of compressus: Jerdon, 1851: 119.
  • callida. Formica callida Smith, F. 1858b: 18 (w.) INDIA. Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 2. Junior synonym of ardens: Mayr, 1886c: 353; of angusticollis: Dalla Torre, 1893: 221; Emery, 1896d: 370; Bingham, 1903: 366; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 106; of compressus: Roger, 1863b: 2; Emery, 1925b: 98.
  • quadrilaterus. Camponotus quadrilaterus Roger, 1863a: 136 (w.) INDIA. Junior synonym of compressus: Forel, 1892j: 240.



  • n = 10; 20, 2n = 40 (India; Tunisia) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983; Kumbkarni, 1965) (Lorite and Palomeque 2010 states some issues about the identification/sampling location).


  • Baltazar, C. R. 1966. A catalogue of Philippine Hymenoptera (with a bibliography, 1758-1963). Pac. Insects Monogr. 8: 1-488 (page 273, listed)
  • Barsagade, D.D., Tembhare, D.B. & Kadu, S.G. 2010. SEM structure of mandibular sensilla in the carpenter ant, Camponotus compressus (Fabricius) (Formicidae Hymenoptera). Halteres 1, 53-57.
  • Barsagade, D.D., Tembhare, D.B. & Kadu, S.G. 2013. Microscopic structure of antennal sensilla in the carpenter ant Camponotus compressus (Fabricius) (Formicidae: Hymenoptera). Asian Myrmecology 5, 113-120.
  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 351, status as species)
  • Bodlah, I., Bodlah, M.A., Rasheed, M.T., Akhter, T., Aihetasham, A., Yousaf, M. 2017. New distributional records of psyllid, Trioza fletcheri minor Crawford, 1912 and record of its first association with two ant’s species in Pothwar. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5: 1-6.
  • Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
  • Cheng, L. 1982. Notes on Formicidae - New to China. Entomotaxonomia 4: 252 (page 252, record in China)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 225, status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1895m. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. LXIII. Formiche di Birmania del Tenasserim e dei Monti Carin raccolte da L. Fea. Parte II. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 34[=(2(14): 450-483 (page 473, subspecies of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1896j. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:363-382 (page 371, subspecies of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 6, status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 98, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex), status as species, senior synonym of callida)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1787. Mantissa insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus, genericis, differentiis, specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Tome I. Hafniae [= Copenhagen]: C. G. Proft, 348 pp. (page 307, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 143, race of rubripes)
  • Forel, A. 1892k. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part I. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 7: 219-245 (page 240, senior synonym of quadrilaterus)
  • Jerdon, T. C. 1851. A catalogue of the species of ants found in Southern India. Madras J. Lit. Sci. 17: 103-127 (page 119, senior synonym of indefesa)
  • Kataria, R. & Kumar, D. 2013. On the Aphid–ant association and its relationship with various host plants in the Agroecosystems of Vadodara, Gujarat, India. Halteres, 4. 25-32.
  • Krishna Ayyar, P.N. 1935. The biology and economic status of the common black ant of South India – Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) compressus. Bull. Entomol. Res. 26: 575-585.
  • Kumbkarni, C. G. 1965. Cytological studies in Hymenoptera. III. Cytology of parthenogenesis in the formicid ant, Camponotus compressus. Caryologia 18: 305-312 (page 305, karyotype described)
  • Nettimi, R.P. & Iyer, P. 2015. Patch fidelity in Camponotus compressus ants foraging on honeydew secreted by treehoppers. Current Science, 109(2): 362-366.
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 2, combination in Camponotus)
  • Santschi, F. 1929g. Note additionnelle aux fourmis du Sahara central récoltées par la Mission du Hoggar (février-mars 1928). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 20: 164-166 (page 165, combination in C. (Myrmoturba), status as species)
  • Santschi, F. 1936c. Liste et descriptions de fourmis du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 198-210 (page 207, status as species)
  • Sharma, G., Sundararaj, R. 2011. Association of Ants and Honeydew Producing Sucking Pests in Bangalore Provenance of Sandal (Santalum album Linn.). Biological Forum - An International Journal, 3(2): 62-64.
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 14, queen, male described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1919h. A new paper-making Crematogaster from the southeastern United States. Psyche (Camb.) 26: 107-112 (page 108, subspecies of maculatus)