Archimyrmex

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Archimyrmex
Temporal range: 48–23 Ma Lutetian, Middle Eocene to Late Oligocene or Early Miocene
Archimyrmex piatnitzkyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae (incertae sedis)
Genus: Archimyrmex
Cockerell, 1923
Type species
Archimyrmex rostratus
Diversity
4 fossil species
(Species Checklist)
Synonyms
Evolutionary Placement
Myrmeciinae


Archimyrmex
  (4 species)



Myrmecia
  (93 species)





Prionomyrmex
  (4 species)




Avitomyrmex
  (3 species)



Macabeemyrma
  (1 species)



Nothomyrmecia
  (1 species)



Ypresiomyrma
  (4 species)







Based on Archibald, Cover & Moreau, 2006

Identification

Distribution

This taxon is known from Green River Formation, Colorado, United States (Lutetian, Middle Eocene); Messel, Germany (Lutetian, Middle Eocene); Ventana Formation, Confluencia, Neuquen region, Argentina (Early Lutetian, Middle Eocene).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ARCHIMYRMEX [incertae sedis in Myrmeciinae]
    • Archimyrmex Cockerell, 1923a: 52. Type-species: †Archimyrmex rostratus, by monotypy.
    • Archimyrmex senior synonym of †Ameghinoia, †Polanskiella: Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2002: 420; Dlussky & Perfil'eva, 2003: 44.
  • AMEGHINOIA [junior synonym of †Archimyrmex]
    • Ameghinoia Viana & Haedo Rossi, 1957: 109. Type-species: †Ameghinoia piatnitzkyi, by original designation.
    • Ameghinoia junior synonym of †Archimyrmex: Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2002: 420; Dlussky & Perfil'eva, 2003: 44.
  • POLANSKIELLA [junior synonym of †Archimyrmex]
    • Polanskiella Rossi de Garcia, 1983: 19. Type-species: †Polanskiella smekali, by monotypy.
    • Polanskiella junior synonym of †Archimyrmex: Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2002: 420; Dlussky & Perfil'eva, 2003: 43.


References

  • Archibald, S.B., Cover, S.P. & Moreau, C.S. 2006. Bulldog ants of the Eocene Okanagan Highlands and history of the subfamily. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99: 486-523.
  • Barden, P. 2017. Fossil ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): ancient diversity and the rise of modern lineages. Myrmecological News 24: 1-30.
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Archimyrmex incertae sedis in Myrmicinae)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 75, Archimyrmex incertae sedis in Myrmicinae)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 133, 370, Archimyrmex senior synonym of Ameghinoia and polanskiella)
  • Carpenter, F. M. 1930. The fossil ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 70: 1-66 (page 17, Archimyrmex incertae sedis in Myrmicinae)
  • Cockerell, T. D. A. 1923a. The earliest known ponerine ant. Entomologist 56: 51-52 (page 52, Archimyrmex incertae sedis in Ponerinae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Perfilieva, K.S. 2003a. Paleogene ants of the genus Archimyrmex Cockerell, 1923 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmeciinae). Paleontol. Zh. 1: 40-49 (page 44, Archimyrmex senior synonym of Ameghinoia and polanskiella)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2003 [2002]. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Formation Green River and some other Middle Eocene deposits of North America. Russ. Entomol. J. 11(4): 411-436 (page 420, Archimyrmex senior synonym of Ameghinoia, Polanskiella)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 625, Archimyrmex in Ponerinae, Myrmeciini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1928h. The social insects: their origin and evolution. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., xviii + 378 pp. (page 117, Archimyrmex incertae sedis in Myrmicinae)