The type-series was retrieved from a Berlese funnel extraction of leaf litter taken by the side of a small stream on a densely overgrown embankment.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
A member of the Tetramorium tonganum-species group.
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 3.25° to -6.39°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.
Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- seneb. Tetramorium seneb Bolton, 1977: 128 (w.) WEST MALAYSIA. Imai, Brown, et al. 1984: 68 (k.).
Holotype worker, West Malaysia: Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 13.x.1973 (B. Bolton) (The Natural History Museum). Paratypes. 14 workers with same data as holotype (BMNH; Museum of Comparative Zoology; Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel; Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève). Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Bolton (1977) - Additional material examined fit the above description very well but show some variation in colour, ranging from light brown to yellow. CI and SI of these series fall within the range given above but some specimens from Java are slightly larger than the typeseries. The combined size-range of the specimens is HL 0.54-0.60, HW 0.52-0.56, SL 0.34-0.40, PW 0.38-0.44, AL 0.62-0.68.
Holotype. TL 2.3, HL 0.56, HW 0.54, CI 96, SL 0.36, SI 67, PW 0.40, AL 0.64.
Mandibles striate; anterior clypeal margin entire and the median portion with a narrow anterior flange or apron. Frontal carinae reaching back well beyond the level of the eyes, anteriorly distinctly more strongly developed than the other cephalic sculpture but near the occipital area becoming much weaker and blending in with the sculpture. Antennal scrobes broad, quite shallow but conspicuous. Occipital margin of head concave medially in full-face view. Eyes situated in front of middle of sides, maximum diameter c. 0.12, about 0.22 x HW. Pronotal corners bluntly angular in dorsal view, giving a square-shouldered appearance. Propodeal spines long, tapering and acute, much longer than the broadly triangular, acute metapleural lobes. Petiole in profile with a relatively high node, the length of the dorsum less than the height of the tergal portion of the node; postpetiole evenly convex. Node of petiole in dorsal view as long as broad, the node slightly broader behind than in front. Dorsum of head longitudinally irregularly rugulose with few or no cross-meshes, but with a fine ruguloreticulum occipitally. Dorsal alitrunk irregularly reticulate-rugulose, the petiole dorsum with traces of rugulation towards the sides. Postpetiole and gaster unsculptured. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with numerous fine hairs, the majority of which are short, but the antennal scapes and dorsal (outer) tibial surfaces without such hairs, only with dense, short, erect or suberect pubescence. Colour light brown, the appendages yellowish.
Paratypes. As holotype but some show a slight upcurving of the apex of the propodeal spines. Range of dimensions TL 2.1-2.3, HL 0.54-0.56, HW 0.50-0.54, CI 91-96, SL 0.34-0.36, SI 63-71, PW 0.38-0.40, AL 0.62-0.64 (14 measured).
- 2n = 20 (Malaysia) (Imai et al., 1983).
- Bolton, B. 1977. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Oriental and Indo-Australian regions, and in Australia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology. 36:67-151. (page 128, worker described)
- Imai, H. T.; Brown, W. L., Jr.; Kubota, M.; Yong, H.-S.; Tho, Y. P. 1984. Chromosome observations on tropical ants from western Malaysia. II. Annu. Rep. Natl. Inst. Genet. Jpn. 34: 66-69 (page 68, karyotype described)
- Khachonpisitsak, S., Yamane, S., Sriwichai, P., Jaitrong, W. 2020. An updated checklist of the ants of Thailand (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 998, 1–182 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.998.54902).
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bolton B. 1977. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Oriental and Indo-Australian regions, and in Australia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 36:67-151.
- Bolton, B. "The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicinae. The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Oriental and Indo-Australian regions and in Australia." Bulletin of the British Museum (National History): Entomology series 36, no. 2 (1977): 68-151.
- Malsch A. K. F., K. Rosciszewski, and U. Maschwitz. 2003. The ant species richness and diversity of a primary lowland rain forest, the Pasoh Forest reserve, West Malaysia. in T. Okuda, N. Manokaran, Y. Matsumoto, K. Niiyama, S. C. Thomas, and P. S. Ashton, eds. Pasoh: Ecology and Natural History of a Southeast Asin Lowland Tropical Rain Forest, pp 347-374.
- Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
- Roncin E. 2002. Two new Tetramorium species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Vietnam with a discussion of the mixtum, tonganum, and scabrosum groups. Sociobiology 40: 281-292.