Temnothorax formosus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Temnothorax formosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: rottenbergi
Species: T. formosus
Binomial name
Temnothorax formosus
(Santschi, 1909)

Temnothorax formosus casent0912937 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax formosus casent0912937 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Prebus (2017) - A member of the rottenbergi clade.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 42.10916667° to 33.466667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Iberian Peninsula, Morocco (type locality), Portugal, Spain (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Temnothorax fuentei casent0912938 h 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912938 p 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912938 d 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912938 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Temnothorax fuenteiWorker. Specimen code casent0912938. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.
Temnothorax fuentei casent0912939 h 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912939 p 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912939 d 1 high.jpgTemnothorax fuentei casent0912939 l 1 high.jpg
Paratype of Leptothorax fuentei parkeriWorker. Specimen code casent0912939. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • formosus. Leptothorax formosus Santschi, 1909b: 469 (w.) MOROCCO. Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997: 280 (q.m.). Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271.
  • fuentei. Leptothorax fuentei Santschi, 1919e: 243, fig. 2 (w.) SPAIN.
    • Menozzi, 1922b: 328 (m.).
    • Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271.
    • Status as species: Menozzi, 1922b: 328; Santschi, 1931a: 5; Santschi, 1932c: 70; Ceballos, 1956: 306; Collingwood, 1978: 83 (in key); Espadaler & Collingwood, 1982: 42; Espadaler & Du Merle, 1989: 121; Bolton, 1995b: 238; Espadaler, 1997b: 30; Bolton, 2003: 271 (error); Borowiec, L. 2014: 178 (error).
    • Junior synonym of formosus: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997: 280; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009: 495.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://antarea.fr/fourmi/
  • Antarea (at www.antarea.fr on June 11th 2017)
  • Arnan, X., A. Rodrigo and J. Retana. 2006. Post-fire recovery of Mediterranean ground ant communities follows vegetation and dryness gradients. Journal of Biogeography 33(7):1246-1258
  • Asociacion Iberica de Mirmecologia. 2016. List of species collected during the Taxomara Murcia 2016. Iberomyrmex 8: 48-49.
  • Cagniant, H. 2006. Liste actualisée des fourmis du Maroc. Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8: 193-200.
  • Cagniant, H. and X. Espadaler. 1997. Les Leptothorax, Epimyrma et Chalepoxenus du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Clé et catalogue des espèces. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (n.s.) 33: 259-284
  • Cagniant, H. "Liste actualisee des fourmis du Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 193-200.
  • Cagniant, H. "Étude de quelques fourmis marocaines. Statistique provisoire des Formicidae du Maroc." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 53 (1964): 83-118.
  • Casevitz-Weulersse J., and C. Galkowski. 2009. Liste actualisee des Fourmis de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 114: 475-510.
  • Espadaler X. F. Garcia, K. Gomez, S. Serrano, and R. Vila. 2009. Ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Mont-Rebei gorge (Pallars Jussà). Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 44: 393–399.
  • Espadaler, X., and J. Reyes-López. "Dos nuevas localidades para una (¿rara?) hormiga endémica ibérica,Temnothorax blascoi (Espadaler, 1997) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)." Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 42 (2008): 449-450.
  • Galkowski C. 2008. Quelques fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes pour la faune de France (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, 143, N.S. 36, 4 : 423-433.
  • Garcia Garcia F., and A. D. Cuesta-Esgura. 2017. First catalogue of the ants of Burgos province, Spain (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 60: 245–258.
  • Guillen J. M. C., and A. Tinaut. 2012. Introduction to the study of the ants from the Region of Murcia (Spain) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 36 (1-2): 145-162.
  • Sanchez-Gil Jimeno R., and J. L. Reyes-Lopez. 2016. Study of ants species of the Sierra de San Carlos del Valle (Ciudad Real) and updating the provincial check list (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 40 (1-2): 93-109.
  • Santschi, F. "Leptothorax rottenbergi et espèces voisines." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 17 (1909): 459-482.
  • Taheri A., J. Reyes-Lopez, and N. Bennas. 2014. Contribution a l'etude de la fauna myrmecologique du parc national de Talassemtane (nord du Maroc): biodiversite, biogeographie et especes indicatrices. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.), 54: 225–236.
  • Tinaut A. 2016. Ants of the Tejeda, Almijara and Alhama Mountains Natural Park (Andalusia, Spain) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent., 40 (1-2): 125-159.
  • del Campo Gracia P., M. D. Martinez Ibanez, A. Tinaut, and S. Montagud Alario. 2014. Faunistic study of the Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain). Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent. 38 (1-2): 33-65.