AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Quadristruma
Brown, 1949
Type species
Epitritus emmae, now Strumigenys emmae

Strumigenys emmae casent0005894 profile 1.jpg

Strumigenys emmae casent0005894 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Strumigenys.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • QUADRISTRUMA [junior synonym of Strumigenys]
    • Quadristruma Brown, 1949b: 47. Type-species: Epitritus emmae, by original designation.
    • Quadristruma junior synonym of Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 1994: 12; Bolton, 1999: 1673; Bolton, 2000: 492.


  • Baroni Urbani, C.; De Andrade, M. L. 1994. First description of fossil Dacetini ants with a critical analysis of the current classification of the tribe (Amber Collection Stuttgart: Hymenoptera, Formicidae. VI: Dacetini). Stuttg. Beitr. Naturkd. Ser. B ( (page 12, Quadristruma as junior synonym of Strumigenys)
  • Bolton, B. 1983. The Afrotropical dacetine ants (Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 46: 267-416 (page 400, Review of genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1999. Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 3 33: 1639-1689 (page 1673, Quadristruma as junior synonym of Strumigenys)
  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 65: 1-1028 (page 492, Quadristruma as junior synonym of Strumigenys)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 192, Quadristruma as junior synonym of Strumigenys)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1949f. Revision of the ant tribe Dacetini. I. Fauna of Japan, China and Taiwan. Mushi 20: 1-25 (page 47, Quadristruma in Myrmicinae, Dacetini)