Pseudoneoponera rufipes

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Pseudoneoponera rufipes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Pseudoneoponera
Species: P. rufipes
Binomial name
Pseudoneoponera rufipes
(Jerdon, 1851)

Pachycondyla rufipes casent0217566 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla rufipes casent0217566 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

These large ants can produce a foamy secretion from their gaster that is used for a defense.

Photo Gallery

  • Pseudoneoponera rufipes worker from Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.
  • Pseudoneoponera rufipes worker from Kerala, India. Photo by Kalesh Sadasivan.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality), Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufipes. Ponera rufipes Jerdon, 1851: 119 (w.) INDIA. [Duplicated in Jerdon, 1854b: 102.] Combination in Pachycondyla: Smith, F. 1858b: 106; in P. (Bothroponera): Emery, 1901a: 45; in Bothroponera: Mayr, 1867a: 83; Wheeler, W.M. 1919e: 55; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 309; in Bothroponera: Joma & Mackay, 2013: 2; in Pseudoneoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 135. Current subspecies: nominal plus ceylonensis. See also: Bingham, 1903: 96.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 48, karyotype = 20M+28A (India) (Imai et al., 1984) (as Bothroponera rufipes).

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 96, see also)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 309, combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 45, Combination in P. (Bothroponera))
  • Jerdon, T. C. 1851. A catalogue of the species of ants found in Southern India. Madras J. Lit. Sci. 17: 103-127 (page 119, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschr. Entomol. 10: 33-117 (page 83, Combination in Bothroponera)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 106, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1919f. The ants of Borneo. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 63: 43-147 (page 55, Combination in Bothroponera)

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