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Temporal range: 42–37 Ma Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene
Protaneuretus succineus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Aneuretinae
Tribe: Aneuretini
Genus: Protaneuretus
Wheeler, W.M., 1915
Type species
Protaneuretus succineus
2 fossil species
(Species Checklist, Species by Country)



This taxon is known from Baltic amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene) and Bitterfeld amber (Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PROTANEURETUS [Aneuretinae]
    • Protaneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 71. Type-species: †Protaneuretus succineus, by monotypy.
    • [†Protaneuretus Wheeler, W.M. 1908g: 413, Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 148 and Emery, 1913a: 2; nomina nuda.]


  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 15, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 44, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 80, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 688, Protaneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Emery, C. 1913a [1912]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50 (page 2, nomen nudum)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 2, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 400, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1908k. Comparative ethology of the European and North American ants. J. Psychol. Neurol. 13: 404-435 (page 413, nomen nudum)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 148, nomen nudum)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1915i [1914]. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schr. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsb. 55: 1-142 (page 71, Protaneuretus as genus; Protaneuretus in Dolichoderinae, Aneuretini)
  • Wilson, E. O.; Eisner, T.; Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1956. Aneuretus simoni Emery, a major link in ant evolution. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 115: 81-99 (page 93, Protaneuretus in Aneuretinae, Aneuretini (footnote))